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  • 1
    Language: English
    In: Nucleic acids research, 02 June 2017, Vol.45(10), pp.6147-6167
    Description: Neisseria meningitidis is a human commensal that can also cause life-threatening meningitis and septicemia. Despite growing evidence for RNA-based regulation in meningococci, their transcriptome structure and output of regulatory small RNAs (sRNAs) are incompletely understood. Using dRNA-seq, we have mapped at single-nucleotide resolution the primary transcriptome of N. meningitidis strain 8013. Annotation of 1625 transcriptional start sites defines transcription units for most protein-coding genes but also reveals a paucity of classical σ70-type promoters, suggesting the existence of activators that compensate for the lack of -35 consensus sequences in N. meningitidis. The transcriptome maps also reveal 65 candidate sRNAs, a third of which were validated by northern blot analysis. Immunoprecipitation with the RNA chaperone Hfq drafts an unexpectedly large post-transcriptional regulatory network in this organism, comprising 23 sRNAs and hundreds of potential mRNA targets. Based on this data, using a newly developed gfp reporter system we validate an Hfq-dependent mRNA repression of the putative colonization factor PrpB by the two trans-acting sRNAs RcoF1/2. Our genome-wide RNA compendium will allow for a better understanding of meningococcal transcriptome organization and riboregulation with implications for colonization of the human nasopharynx.
    Keywords: Gene Expression Regulation, Bacterial ; Transcriptome ; Bacterial Proteins -- Metabolism ; Host Factor 1 Protein -- Metabolism ; Micrornas -- Genetics ; Molecular Chaperones -- Metabolism ; Neisseria Meningitidis -- Genetics ; RNA, Bacterial -- Genetics ; RNA, Messenger -- Genetics
    ISSN: 03051048
    E-ISSN: 1362-4962
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  • 2
    Language: English
    In: RNA Biology, 03 April 2019, Vol.16(4), pp.390-396
    Description: Neisseria meningitidis, a commensal β-proteobacterium of the human nasopharynx, constitutes a worldwide leading cause of sepsis and epidemic meningitis. A recent genome-wide association study suggested an association of its type II-C CRISPR/Cas system with carriage and thus less invasive lineages. Here, we show that knock-out strains lacking the Cas9 protein are impaired in the adhesion to human nasopharyngeal cells which constitutes a central step in the pathogenesis of invasive meningococcal disease. Transcriptome sequencing data further suggest that meningococcal Cas9 does not affect the expression of surface adhesins but rather exerts its effect on cell adhesion in an indirect manner. Consequently, we speculate that the meningococcal CRISPR/Cas system exerts novel functions beyond its established role in defence against foreign DNA.
    Keywords: Neisseria Meningitidis ; Crispr/Cas ; Cas9 ; Virulence ; Nasopharynx ; RNA-Seq ; RIP-Seq ; Anatomy & Physiology
    ISSN: 1547-6286
    E-ISSN: 1555-8584
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  • 3
    Language: English
    In: Methods in molecular biology (Clifton, N.J.), 2019, Vol.1969, pp.33-49
    Description: Deep sequencing technology has revolutionized transcriptome analyses of both prokaryotes and eukaryotes. RNA-sequencing (RNA-seq), which is based on massively parallel sequencing of cDNAs, has been used to annotate transcript boundaries and has revealed widespread antisense transcription as well as a wealth of novel noncoding transcripts in many bacterial pathogens. Moreover, RNA-seq is nowadays also widely used to comprehensively explore the interaction between RNA-binding proteins and their RNA targets on a genome-wide level in many human-pathogenic bacteria. In particular, immunoprecipitation of an RNA-binding protein (RBP) of interest followed by isolation and analysis of all bound RNAs (RNA immunoprecipitation (RIP)) allows rapid characterization of its RNA regulon. Here, we describe an experimental approach which employs co-immunoprecipitation (coIP) of the RNA-binding chaperone Hfq along with bound RNAs followed by deep-sequencing of co-purified RNAs (RIP-Seq) from a genetically modified strain of Neisseria meningitidis expressing a chromosomally encoded Hfq-3×FLAG protein. This approach allowed us to comprehensively identify both mRNAs and sRNAs as targets of Hfq and served as an excellent starting point for sRNA research in this human pathogenic bacterium.
    Keywords: Deep Sequencing ; Hfq-3×Flag ; N. Meningitidis ; RIP-Seq ; Small RNA Identification ; Cdna Library
    E-ISSN: 1940-6029
    Source: MEDLINE/PubMed (U.S. National Library of Medicine)
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  • 4
    Description: Neisseria meningitidis, a commensal β-proteobacterium of the human nasopharynx, constitutes a worldwide leading cause of sepsis and epidemic meningitis. A recent genome-wide association study suggested an association of its type II-C CRISPR/Cas system with carriage and thus less invasive lineages. Here, we show that knock-out strains lacking the Cas9 protein are impaired in the adhesion to human nasopharyngeal cells which constitutes a central step in the pathogenesis of invasive meningococcal disease. Transcriptome sequencing data further suggest that meningococcal Cas9 does not affect the expression of surface adhesins but rather exerts its effect on cell adhesion in an indirect manner. Consequently, we speculate that the meningococcal CRISPR/Cas system exerts novel functions beyond its established role in defence against foreign DNA....
    Keywords: Biochemistry ; Medicine ; Microbiology ; Cell Biology ; Genetics ; Environmental Sciences Not Elsewhere Classified ; Immunology ; Biological Sciences Not Elsewhere Classified ; Cancer ; Infectious Diseases
    Source: DataCite
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  • 5
    Description: Neisseria meningitidis, a commensal β-proteobacterium of the human nasopharynx, constitutes a worldwide leading cause of sepsis and epidemic meningitis. A recent genome-wide association study suggested an association of its type II-C CRISPR/Cas system with carriage and thus less invasive lineages. Here, we show that knock-out strains lacking the Cas9 protein are impaired in the adhesion to human nasopharyngeal cells which constitutes a central step in the pathogenesis of invasive meningococcal disease. Transcriptome sequencing data further suggest that meningococcal Cas9 does not affect the expression of surface adhesins but rather exerts its effect on cell adhesion in an indirect manner. Consequently, we speculate that the meningococcal CRISPR/Cas system exerts novel functions beyond its established role in defence against foreign DNA....
    Keywords: Biochemistry ; Medicine ; Microbiology ; Cell Biology ; Genetics ; Environmental Sciences Not Elsewhere Classified ; Immunology ; Biological Sciences Not Elsewhere Classified ; Cancer ; Infectious Diseases
    Source: DataCite
    Library Location Call Number Volume/Issue/Year Availability
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