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  • 1
    Article
    Article
    Language: English
    In: Economic Record, Sept, 2012, Vol.88, p.440(3)
    Description: To purchase or authenticate to the full-text of this article, please visit this link: http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/j.1475-4932.2012.00835.x/abstract Byline: Benoit Pierre Freyens ***** No abstract is available for this article. ***** Author Affiliation: University of Canberra
    Keywords: Beer
    ISSN: 0013-0249
    Source: Cengage Learning, Inc.
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  • 2
    Article
    Article
    In: Nature, 2007, Vol.450(7167), p.174
    Description: The public should be consulted on contentious research and development early enough for their opinions to influence the course of science and policy-making.
    Keywords: Decision Making–Genetics ; France–Genetics ; Public Opinion–Genetics ; Public Policy–Genetics ; Science–Genetics ; Time Factors–Genetics ; Vitis–Genetics ; Wine–Genetics ; Science ; Research ; Policy Making ; Public Relations ; Publicity ; Public Opinion;
    ISSN: 0028-0836
    E-ISSN: 14764687
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  • 3
    In: Econometrica, September 2011, Vol.79(5), pp.1591-1625
    Description: It is common for a majority of people to rank themselves as better than average on simple tasks and worse than average on difficult tasks. The literature takes for granted that this apparent misconfidence is problematic. We argue, however, that this behavior is consistent with purely rational Bayesian updaters. In fact, better‐than‐average data alone cannot be used to show overconfidence; we indicate which type of data can be used. Our theory is consistent with empirical patterns found in the literature.
    Keywords: Overconfidence ; Better Than Average ; Experimental Economics ; Irrationality ; Signalling Models
    ISSN: 0012-9682
    E-ISSN: 1468-0262
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  • 4
    Language: English
    In: Chemosphere, August 2012, Vol.88(9), pp.1043-1050
    Description: ► Isoxaflutole degradation was rapid both in soil and plant residues samples. ► Isoxaflutole or its metabolites remained extractable with water during experiments. ► The nature of crop residues modified isoxaflutole behaviour. Laboratory incubations were performed in order to evaluate the dissipation of the proherbicide isoxaflutole in seedbed layer soil samples from conventional and conservation tillage systems and in maize and oat residues left at the soil surface under conservation tillage. The effects of temperature and water pressure head on radiolabelled isoxaflutole degradation were studied for each sample for 21 d. Mineralisation of isoxaflutole was low for all samples and ranged from 0.0% to 0.9% of applied C in soil samples and from 0.0% to 2.4% of applied C in residue samples. In soil samples, degradation half-life of isoxaflutole ranged from 9 to 26 h, with significantly higher values under conservation tillage. In residue samples, degradation half-life ranged from 3 to 31 h, with significantly higher values in maize residues, despite a higher mineralisation and bound residue formation than in oat residues. Whatever the sample, most of the applied C remained extractable during the experiment and, after 21 d, less than 15% of applied C were unextractable. This extractable fraction was composed of diketonitrile, benzoic acid derivative and several unidentified metabolites, with one of them accounting for more than 17% of applied C. This study showed that tillage system design, including crop residues management, could help reducing the environmental impacts of isoxaflutole.
    Keywords: Conventional Tillage ; Conservation Tillage ; Crop Residues ; Herbicide ; Chemistry ; Ecology
    ISSN: 0045-6535
    E-ISSN: 1879-1298
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  • 5
    Language: English
    In: Bioresource Technology, June, 2013, Vol.138, p.277(8)
    Description: To link to full-text access for this article, visit this link: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.biortech.2013.03.188 Byline: Benoit St-Pierre, Andre-Denis G. Wright Abstract: acents 50 246 methanogen 16S rRNA gene sequences analyzed from three manure digesters. acents The combined digester methanogen diversity was estimated at 307 species-level OTUs. acents A single Methanosarcina-related OTU (acetrotrophic) was dominant in two digesters. acents One digester had a diverse methanogen profile with representation from four phyla.
    Keywords: Dairy Farms -- Analysis
    ISSN: 0960-8524
    Source: Cengage Learning, Inc.
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  • 6
    Article
    Article
    Inderscience Publishers
    Language: English
    In: Int. J. of Management and Network Economics, 2012, Vol 2 Issue 4, pp 392 - 408
    Description: Reforms to spectrum management seek to improve the efficiency with which the radio spectrum is allocated and used through higher reliance on market forces (market pricing, property rights, trading). These reforms have helped specific spectrum-intensive industries achieve higher allocative efficiency through improved spectrum valuation and investor certainty about long-term spectrum holdings. However, the high degree of resource exclusivity conferred by property rights potentially crowds out access by innovative services, affecting dynamic efficiency. Reforms may also undermine technical efficiency if the owner makes scant use of the privatised spectrum. The paper takes stock of action research performed in the regulatory agency of a reforming country to present the economic trade-offs involved, and argue for a more piecemeal approach to reforms based on a flexible licensing system.
    Keywords: spectrum policy reforms; economic objectives; allocative efficiency; technical efficiency; dynamic efficiency; licensing; property rights; spectrum management; radio spectrum; market forces; market pricing; trading; spectrum valuation; investor certainty; innovative services; innovation; action research; regulatory agencies; economic trade-offs; flexible licensing.
    ISSN: 1754-2316
    ISSN: 17542316
    ISSN: 1754-2324
    ISSN: 17542324
    E-ISSN: 1754-2324
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  • 7
    In: Journal of Public Economic Theory, February 2014, Vol.16(1), pp.1-23
    Description: Legislative reforms in Anglo‐American countries require governments to account for efficient spectrum usage subject to interference control. New spectrum governance regimes promote flexible and competitive usage but the broadcasting industry remains exempt from reforms, at a significant cost to society. The need to liberalize broadcast spectrum cannot be overstated, but how should we select among alternative deregulatory regimes? In a simple stylized model we formalize the welfare effects of allocating licenses for using bandwidth on broadcast spectrum. We provide optimality conditions for entry, spectrum usage, and congestion levels under different market conditions, which allows us to justify the selection of specific governance arrangements.
    Keywords: Deregulation -- Analysis;
    ISSN: 1097-3923
    E-ISSN: 1467-9779
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  • 8
    Language: English
    In: Journal of Economic Behavior and Organization, January 2017, Vol.133, pp.108-126
    Description: The paper analyses how government actions affect judicial decision making in Australian labour courts arbitrating dismissal disputes. We isolate two channels through which these effects materialise: statutory reforms, which change legal standards, and strategic appointments, which change court composition. We analyse the probability of plaintiff success in courts using a panel of 81 judges and 2223 judicial decisions made between 2001 and 2015. We test for and subsequently exploit the randomised matching of labour court judges with unfair dismissal cases. We find significant effects from both channels: judges’ work background and changes to legal standards are strong predictors of case outcomes. Furthermore, we find evidence of compensating effects: judges with a progressive background rule more often in favour of dismissed employees if legal reforms adversely affect their chance of success in court.
    Keywords: Judicial Decisions ; Unfair Dismissal ; Legal Standards ; Business
    ISSN: 0167-2681
    E-ISSN: 1879-1751
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  • 9
    Language: English
    In: Chemosphere, June 2013, Vol.91(11), pp.1447-1455
    Description: ► The degree of mulch decomposition enhanced the adsorption of non-ionic pesticides. ► Desorption of glyphosate increased with maize mulch decomposition. ► Desorption of s-metolachlor and epoxiconazole decreased with mulch decomposition. ► Sorption of non-ionic pesticides was predicted using compositional information of mulch. Assessing pesticide fate in conservation agricultural systems requires a detailed understanding of their interaction with decomposing surface crop residues (mulch). Adsorption and desorption behavior of glyphosate, s-metolachlor and epoxiconazole was investigated on maize mulch residues decomposed under laboratory and field conditions. Our conceptual approach included characterization of chemical composition and hydrophobicity of mulch residues in order to generate parameters to predict sorption behavior. Adsorption of s-metolachlor and epoxiconazole greatly increased with mulch decomposition, whereas glyphosate adsorption was less affected but its desorption was increased. Mulch characteristics including aromaticity, hydrophobicity and polarity indices were strongly correlated to of the non-ionic pesticides. A predictive model based on compositional data (CoDa) analysis revealed that the sorption capacity of decomposing mulch can be predicted from descriptors such as aromatic and alkyl C corresponding respectively to lignin and NDF biochemical fractions. The decomposition degree of mulch residues should be taken into account while predicting the fate of pesticides.
    Keywords: Maize Mulch ; Adsorption–Desorption ; Glyphosate ; S-Metolachlor ; Epoxiconazole ; Compositional Analysis ; Chemistry ; Ecology
    ISSN: 0045-6535
    E-ISSN: 1879-1298
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  • 10
    Language: English
    In: Agriculture, Ecosystems and Environment, June 15, 2012, Vol.153, p.40(10)
    Description: To link to full-text access for this article, visit this link: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.agee.2012.03.002 Byline: Lionel Alletto (a), Pierre Benoit (b), Eric Justes (c), Yves Coquet (d) Keywords: Conservation tillage; Conventional tillage; Cover crop; Drainage; Herbicide leaching Abstract: a* Diketonitrile metabolite of isoxaflutole was detected each year in soil solution. a* Herbicide leaching was not clearly influenced by tillage management. a* Sowing a cover crop during the fallow period reduced herbicide leaching. Author Affiliation: (a) Universite de Toulouse - Ecole d'ingenieurs de Purpan, UMR 1248 AGIR - 75, voie du TOEC BP 57 611, 31 076 Toulouse cedex 3, France (b) INRA, Institut National de la Recherche Agronomique, UMR 1091 EGC, 78 850 Thiverval-Grignon, France (c) INRA, Institut National de la Recherche Agronomique, UMR 1248 AGIR, Auzeville - BP 52627, 31326, Castanet-Tolosan cedex, France (d) AgroParisTech, Institut National des Sciences et Industries du Vivant et de l'Environnement, UMR 1091 EGC, 78 850 Thiverval-Grignon, France Article History: Received 12 October 2011; Revised 28 February 2012; Accepted 2 March 2012
    Keywords: Conservation Tillage ; Metabolites ; Leaching
    ISSN: 0167-8809
    Source: Cengage Learning, Inc.
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