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  • 1
    Language: English
    In: Soil Biology and Biochemistry, January 2019, Vol.128, pp.22-34
    Description: Phosphorus (P) is a key nutrient but still we have a limited knowledge on the controls of mobilization and fluxes of P in forest soils. Our study explored the linkages between P mobilization in organic horizons and mineral soils and the P status of soils, as affected by two consecutive drying and rewetting (D/W) cycles. We sampled litter layers (Oi), mixed Oe-Oa horizons, and A horizons in three beech forests along a P availability gradient in Germany. Carbon mineralization and release of dissolved organic matter (DOC, DOP) and dissolved inorganic P (DIP) were studied in microcosms exposed to an initial harsh drying (40 °C for 72 h) and a moderate dry spell (1 month at 20 °C). In Oi horizons, net P mineralization decreased with decreasing P status despite a similar C mineralization at all sites. This supports the general concept that the stoichiometric difference between substrate and microbial biomass primarily drives P release from decomposing organic matter. Counterintuitively, P mobilization per unit soil P increased towards P-poor sites in the mineral soil, likely due to decreasing contents of reactive secondary minerals and the consequently smaller P sorption. Drying and rewetting caused stronger mobilization of DIP and DOP (+108% on average) than of DOC (+51%). The parallel decline in specific UV absorptivity of DOM suggests that lysis of microbial cells drove the drought-induced P release. The D/W effects on P mobilization were particularly strong in P-poor soils, where greater portions of P are bound to microbial biomass, which are prone to become released upon rewetting. Since mobilized P can potentially be leached from soils, our findings indicate, that drought-induced P mobilization fosters the progressive P depletion of already P-poor soils. The possible P leaching losses from mineral soils seem rather be driven by soil mineralogy than by P status.
    Keywords: P Status ; P Availability Gradient ; P Mineralization ; Stoichiometry ; C:P Ratio ; Dop ; Agriculture ; Chemistry
    ISSN: 0038-0717
    E-ISSN: 1879-3428
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  • 2
    Language: English
    In: Journal of Plant Nutrition and Soil Science, August 2016, Vol.179(4), pp.425-438
    Description: Understanding and quantification of phosphorus (P) fluxes are key requirements for predictions of future forest ecosystems changes as well as for transferring lessons learned from natural ecosystems to croplands and plantations. This review summarizes and evaluates the recent knowledge on mechanisms, magnitude, and relevance by which dissolved and colloidal inorganic and organic P forms can be translocated within or exported from forest ecosystems. Attention is paid to hydrological pathways of P losses at the soil profile and landscape scales, and the subsequent influence of P on aquatic ecosystems. New (unpublished) data from the German Priority Program 1685 “” were added to provide up‐to‐date flux‐based information. Nitrogen (N) additions increase the release of water‐transportable P forms. Most P found in percolates and pore waters belongs to the so‐called dissolved organic P (DOP) fractions, rich in orthophosphate‐monoesters and also containing some orthophosphate‐diesters. Total solution P concentrations range from ca. 1 to 400 µg P L, with large variations among forest stands. Recent sophisticated analyses revealed that large portions of the DOP in forest stream water can comprise natural nanoparticles and fine colloids which under extreme conditions may account for 40–100% of the P losses. Their translocation within preferential flow passes may be rapid, mediated by storm events. The potential total P loss through leaching into subsoils and with streams was found to be less than 50 mg P m a, suggesting effects on ecosystems at centennial to millennium scale. All current data are based on selected snapshots only. Quantitative measurements of P fluxes in temperate forest systems are nearly absent in the literature, probably due to main research focus on the C and N cycles. Therefore, we lack complete ecosystem‐based assessments of dissolved and colloidal P fluxes within and from temperate forest systems.
    Keywords: Forest Ecosystem ; Phosphorus ; Fluxes ; Soil ; Processes ; Hydrology
    ISSN: 1436-8730
    E-ISSN: 1522-2624
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  • 3
    Language: English
    In: Frontiers in Forests and Global Change, 01 October 2019, Vol.2
    Description: Carbon (C), nitrogen (N), and phosphorus (P) become released in inorganic or organic forms during decomposition of soil organic matter (SOM). Environmental perturbations, such as drying and rewetting, alter the cycling of C, N, and P. Our study aimed at identifying the patterns and controls...
    Keywords: Drying-Rewetting ; Dissolved Organic Matter ; Immobilization ; Mineralization ; Nutrient Availability ; Stoichiometry
    E-ISSN: 2624-893X
    Source: Directory of Open Access Journals (DOAJ)
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  • 4
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