European Journal of Nutrition, 2015, Vol.54(3), pp.437-445
Byline: Heinz Freisling (1), Marga C. Ocke (2), Corinne Casagrande (1), Genevieve Nicolas (1), Sandra P. Crispim (1), Maryse Niekerk (2), Jan Laan (2), Evelien Boer (2), Stefanie Vandevijvere (3), Mieke Maeyer (4), Jiri Ruprich (5), Marcela Dofkova (5), Inge Huybrechts (1), Ellen Trolle (6), Nadia Slimani (1) Keywords: Dietary assessment; EPIC-Soft (GloboDiet); Children; Infants; Data quality; Europe; Dietary surveys; Standardization Abstract: Purpose We aimed (1) to describe and evaluate the "EPIC-Soft DataEntry" application developed as a user-friendly data entry tool for pan-European and national food consumption surveys among infants and children, and (2) to compare two food record-based dietary assessment methods in terms of food description and quantification using data quality indicators. EPIC-Soft DataEntry was used for both methods. Methods Two pilot studies were performed in both Belgium and Czech Republic in a total of 376 children (3 months to 10 year olds): one using a consecutive 3-day food diary and the second with two non-consecutive 1-day food diaries with data entry during a completion interview. The collected dietary data were compared between the two dietary assessment methods by country and by age groups: (i) 〈1 year (ii) 1--3 years (iii) 〉3--10 years. Results Overall, 70 % of the interviewers evaluated the work with EPIC-Soft DataEntry as easy. With both dietary assessment methods, an equally high proportion of specific food names (e.g., "yoghurt, strawberry") were reported, where only between 5 and 15 % of foods were non-specified (e.g., "yoghurt, n.s."). The two 1-day food diaries yielded a higher proportion of foods with detailed description. For example, in the age category of 1--3 year olds in Belgium, for 7 out of 16 systematic questions on food description (e.g., "preservation method,") specific answers were significantly higher (all P 〈 0.03). The proportion of missing quantities of consumed foods was comparable between the two methods. Conclusions The EPIC-Soft DataEntry application was positively evaluated by the majority of the interviewers. Two non-consecutive 1-day food diaries with data entry during a completion interview provide a more detailed description of consumed foods as compared with a 3-day food diary. Author Affiliation: (1) International Agency for Research on Cancer (IARC-WHO), 150, Cours Albert Thomas, 69372, Lyon Cedex 08, France (2) National Institute for Public Health and the Environment (RIVM), Bilthoven, The Netherlands (3) Scientific Institute of Public Health (IPH), Brussels, Belgium (4) Department of Public Health, Ghent University, Ghent, Belgium (5) National Institute of Public Health (NIPH), Prague, Czech Republic (6) Technical University of Denmark (DTU), Copenhagen, Denmark Article History: Registration Date: 27/05/2014 Received Date: 11/01/2014 Accepted Date: 27/05/2014 Online Date: 11/06/2014 Article note: Electronic supplementary material The online version of this article (doi: 10.1007/s00394-014-0727-7) contains supplementary material, which is available to authorized users.
Dietary assessment ; EPIC-Soft (GloboDiet) ; Children ; Infants ; Data quality ; Europe ; Dietary surveys ; Standardization
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