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  • 1
    Language: English
    In: Research Policy, November 2012, Vol.41(9), pp.1544-1554
    Description: ► There are three modes in the R&D internationalization, decentralization, transition, and recentralization. ► There is an S-shaped relationship between R&D internationalization and innovation performance. ► Organizational slack has a negative moderating effect on the S-shaped relationship. This article examines the effects of R&D internationalization and organizational slack on innovation performance. We suggest that there is an S-shaped relationship between R&D internationalization and innovation performance. Innovation performance increases in the decentralization stage, decreases in the transition stage, and increases again in the recentralization stage. In addition, organizational slack is hypothesized to have a negative moderating effect on the S-shaped relationship. Longitudinal data on 210 Taiwanese firms in the information technology sector during a 10-year period is collected to test the hypotheses. The findings support our prediction. Managerial implications and future research directions are discussed.
    Keywords: R&D Internationalization ; Organizational Slack ; Innovation Performance ; Sciences (General) ; Business
    ISSN: 0048-7333
    E-ISSN: 1873-7625
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  • 2
    Language: English
    In: Journal of Business Research, 2010, Vol.63(4), pp.411-417
    Description: This study examines the effects of creative workforce density and organizational slack on innovation performance. This article suggests an inverse U-shaped relationship between creative workforce density and innovation performance and proposes two governing forces relating to this relationship. Moreover, this study suggests that different slacks vary in affecting innovation. When adding absorbed and unabsorbed slacks as moderators, the relationship between creative workforce density and innovation performance becomes strengthened or attenuated respectively. Comprehensive secondary data on 305 Taiwanese firms in IT sector support the prediction. This article also discusses the managerial implications and highlights future research directions.
    Keywords: Creative Workforce ; Organizational Slack ; Innovation Performance ; Business ; Economics
    ISSN: 0148-2963
    E-ISSN: 1873-7978
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  • 3
    Language: English
    In: Journal of business research : JBR, 2014, Vol.67(12), pp. 2542-2549
    Description: To link to full-text access for this article, visit this link: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jbusres.2014.03.013 Byline: Aarti Ramaswami, Jia-Chi Huang, George F. Dreher Abstract: We examined the interaction of gender and marital status on attaining mentors among 405 managers and professionals in contrasting Taiwanese and U.S. cultures. In line with social role and signaling theories and the cultural concepts of gender-egalitarianism and individualism/collectivism, married U.S. women had a lower likelihood of having a mentor compared to single women or men. Being married disfavored U.S. women but did not disfavor Taiwanese women. Further analyses using only the U.S. protege sample also revealed that being married was positively related to psychosocial mentoring received only among male proteges. We discuss results from a cross-cultural perspective. Article History: Received 23 April 2012; Revised 9 March 2014; Accepted 13 March 2014
    Keywords: Mentoring -- Analysis ; Marriage -- Analysis;
    ISSN: 01482963
    E-ISSN: 18737978
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  • 4
    Language: English
    In: Journal of Business Research, September 2018, Vol.90, pp.347-358
    Description: This study examines how returnee board members influence new venture performance. By analyzing data from 103 new ventures in China, the study finds that there is an inverse U-shaped relationship between the proportion of returnee board members and new venture performance. It also finds that foreign ownership negatively moderates and that slack resources positively moderate the effect of the proportion of returnee board members on new venture performance. In addition, a significant three-way interaction shows that slack resources weaken the negative effect of foreign ownership on the relationship of returnee board members to new venture performance. This study enriches the body of knowledge in new venture and emerging economics literature.
    Keywords: Returnee Board Members ; Ownership Structure ; Slack Resources ; New Venture Performance ; Business ; Economics
    ISSN: 0148-2963
    E-ISSN: 1873-7978
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  • 5
    Language: English
    In: Journal of Business Research, December 2014, Vol.67(12), pp.2531-2541
    Description: This study examines the role of transfer mechanisms, including replication and adaptation, in knowledge transfer from the cooperative competency perspective. This study tests the hypotheses in a sample of 120 knowledge transfer cases. The results indicate that transfer mechanisms relate positively to cooperative competency with partnering firms, which then improves knowledge transfer performance. The results provide evidence that cooperative competency plays a mediating role between transfer mechanisms and knowledge transfer performance. The findings of this study contribute to the theoretical development of a conceptual model for explaining the interrelationships among transfer mechanisms, cooperative competency, and knowledge transfer performance. The empirical evidence of the Sobel test in line with Baron and Kenny's procedure and bootstrap analysis supports the process-oriented view and indicates that cooperative competency mediates the effects of transfer mechanisms on knowledge transfer performance. Finally, this study discusses the managerial implications and highlights future research directions.
    Keywords: Transfer Mechanisms ; Replication ; Adaptation ; Cooperative Competency ; Knowledge Transfer Performance ; Business ; Economics
    ISSN: 0148-2963
    E-ISSN: 1873-7978
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  • 6
    Language: English
    In: Journal of World Business, July 2013, Vol.48(3), pp.360-372
    Description: The location choice of product innovations is a prevalent phenomenon one that has received little attention in the literature. This study examines the ways in which comparative industry environment, technology and product characteristics, and entry timing affect the firm's location choice of new product development activities between headquarters and foreign subsidiaries and the implications of location choice for performance. Our findings indicate that: (1) firms are more likely to locate their new product development activities at foreign subsidiaries in mainland China than at headquarters in Taiwan when the industry environment at foreign subsidiaries is more favorable, when technologies and products are more mature, and when the entry to mainland China's market is earlier than that of its competitors; (2) in general, firms locating their new product development activities at headquarters in Taiwan perform better than firms locating their new product development activities at foreign subsidiaries in mainland China after controlling for endogeneity bias; (3) firms locating their new product development activities at headquarters (at foreign subsidiaries) perform better than if they had located their new product development activities at foreign subsidiaries (at headquarters). Managerial implications and future research directions are discussed.
    Keywords: Location Choice ; New Product Development ; Headquarters ; Foreign Subsidiaries ; Business
    ISSN: 1090-9516
    E-ISSN: 18785573
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  • 7
    Language: English
    In: The International Journal of Human Resource Management, 01 October 2011, Vol.22(17), pp.3447-3461
    Description: This study explores the effects of individual initiative and skill variety on individual creativity under the contexts of knowledge specificity and creative resources. Regression analysis was used to test the hypotheses in a sample of 245 employees of the Bureau of National Health Insurance...
    Keywords: Creative Resources ; Creativity ; Individual Initiative ; Knowledge Specificity ; Skill Variety ; Business ; Economics
    ISSN: 0958-5192
    E-ISSN: 1466-4399
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  • 8
    Language: English
    In: Management Decision, 19 June 2017, Vol.55(5), pp.1042-1064
    Description: Purpose The purpose of this paper is to investigate the impacts of strategic control and operational control on new venture performance in the China context. Design/methodology/approach This study tests the hypotheses in a sample of 83 new ventures that have equity investment by established firms and are founded between 1993 and 2007 that issued initial public offerings while not more than eight years old. Findings The results of this study show that: strategic control has a significantly negative relationship with new venture performance; operational control has a significantly positive relationship with new venture performance; industry relatedness between the corporate investor and the new venture and the new venture’s political ties moderate the relationships between the two types of control and new venture performance. The results are robust to alternative measurements of new venture performance. Practical implications The management control that the corporate investor exercises over the new venture is a significant determinant of the new venture success. Managers have to distinguish between strategic control and operational control and understand their impacts on new ventures. Originality/value This study highlights the issue of management of corporate venturing capital relationships from the new venture’s perspective. In addition, this study separates strategic and operational control within management control and examines how they influence new venture performance.
    Keywords: Performance ; Flexibility ; Management Control ; Business
    ISSN: 0025-1747
    E-ISSN: 1758-6070
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  • 9
    Language: English
    In: Journal of Business Research, November 2018, Vol.92, pp.154-167
    Description: Using the established distinction between corporate social responsibility (CSR) and corporate social irresponsibility (CSiR), this study proposes that there are U-shaped relationships between CSR and corporate financial performance (CFP) as well as between CSiR and CFP. Curvilinear relationships enlighten the coexistence of companies' positive and negative social engagements, both of which may have the potential to improve CFP. In addition, they help to explain the mixed results between social and financial performance previously discussed by researchers. Finally, cost leadership and differentiation strategies may positively moderate the relationship between CSR and CFP, and negatively moderate the relationship between CSiR and CFP. Our sample covers 1461 publicly traded non-financial service companies in the US with 6715 firm-year observations. The empirical results statistically support the U-shaped hypotheses and the moderating effects of cost leadership as well as differentiation strategies. The results also generate managerial and theoretical implications and highlight future research directions.
    Keywords: Corporate Social Responsibility (Csr) ; Corporate Social Irresponsibility (Csir) ; Cost Leadership ; Differentiation ; Corporate Financial Performance (Cfp) ; Business ; Economics
    ISSN: 0148-2963
    E-ISSN: 1873-7978
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  • 10
    Language: English
    In: Journal of Business Research, 2009, Vol.62(1), pp.93-103
    Description: This study examines the effects of technology commercialization, incubator and venture capital supports on new venture performance from the resource-based view. This study uses regression analysis to test the hypotheses in a sample of 122 new ventures. The findings highlight the role of technology commercialization as a mediator between organizational resources, innovative capabilities, and new venture performance. Also, the empirical evidence indicates that incubator and venture capital supports moderate the effects of technology commercialization on the performance of new ventures. Finally, this study discusses managerial implications and highlights future research directions.
    Keywords: New Venture ; Technology Commercialization ; Incubator ; Venture Capital ; Organizational Resource ; Innovative Capability ; Business ; Economics
    ISSN: 0148-2963
    E-ISSN: 1873-7978
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