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Berlin Brandenburg

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  • 1
    Language: English
    In: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, 12 January 2010, Vol.107(2), pp.587-91
    Description: The Kadison-Kastler problem asks whether close C*-algebras on a Hilbert space must be spatially isomorphic. We establish this when one of the algebras is separable and nuclear. We also apply our methods to the study of near inclusions of C*-algebras.
    Keywords: Mathematics ; Problem Solving
    ISSN: 00278424
    E-ISSN: 1091-6490
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  • 2
    Language: English
    In: The Monist, 1 January 2012, Vol.95(1), pp.33-48
    Description: Since the late 1990s, multiculturalism has been on the decline. In 1999, Will Kymlica announced that "multiculturalism had won the day" (Kymlicka 1999a, 113; cf. 1998, 144; 2001, 32), but when examined against the landscape of political philosophy over the last decade, Kymlicka's assessment does not reflect reality. In this article, I will first briefly describe the "multicultural" position developed and defended by Kymlicka. I will focus on those aspects of multiculturalism that has to do with accommodating for special group rights ("polyethnic" rights or "accommodation" rights) in order to protect the distinct culture of a group, or the survival and flourishing of "ways of life" within the group, from the surrounding (majority) culture (Kymlicka 1995, ch. 2; Okin 1998). Then, I will provide a detailed discussion and assessment of Okin's and Phillip's critiques. Finally, I will discuss the possible shortcomings of the feminist critique of multiculturalism and suggest how to address these shortcomings. Adapted from the source document.
    Keywords: Behavioral sciences -- Psychology -- Social psychology ; Social sciences -- Gender studies -- Gender politics ; Political science -- Political philosophy -- Political ideologies ; Behavioral sciences -- Anthropology -- Applied anthropology ; Law -- Jurisprudence -- Philosophy of law ; Social sciences -- Gender studies -- Feminism ; Behavioral sciences -- Anthropology -- Applied anthropology ; Behavioral sciences -- Sociology -- Social organization ; Law -- Jurisprudence -- Philosophy of law ; Social sciences -- Population studies -- Human populations
    ISSN: 00269662
    E-ISSN: 21533601
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  • 3
    In: Journal of Medicine and Philosophy, 2012, Vol. 37(3), pp.255-276
    Description: Biomedical research has brought to the fore the issue of which rights and duties we have to each other and society. Several scholars have advocated reframing the notion of participation, arguing that we have a moral duty to participate in research from which we all benefit. However, less attention has been paid to how we justify and defend the concept of self-determination and what the implications are in a biomedical setting. The author discusses the value and importance of self-determination on the basis of the framework of the liberal-communitarian debate. Biobank research is used as an example of a project wherein, through our participation, we confirm our sense of belonging to society and acknowledge our mutual dependence on each other. We need a richer concept of self-determination that encompasses both liberal and communitarian insights in order to make sense of the value we attach to self-determination.
    Keywords: Biobank Research ; Biomedical Research ; Communitarianism ; Liberalism ; Self - Determination
    ISSN: 0360-5310
    E-ISSN: 1744-5019
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  • 4
    Language: English
    In: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States, Dec 11, 2012, Vol.109(50), p.20338(6)
    Description: This paper addresses a conjecture in the work by Kadison and Kastler [Kadison RV, Kastler D (1972) Am J Math 94:38-54] that avon Neumann algebra M on a Hilbert space H should be unitarily equivalent to each sufficiently close von Neumann algebra N, and, moreover, the implementing unitary can be chosen to be close to the identity operator. This conjecture is known to be true for amenable von Neumann algebras, and in this paper, we describe classes of nonamenable factors for which the conjecture is valid. These classes are based on tensor products of the hyperfinite [II.sub.1] factor with crossed products of abelian algebras by suitably chosen discrete groups. Kadison-Kastler stability | perturbations | bounded group cohornology doi/10.1073/pnas.1217792109
    Keywords: Isomorphisms (Mathematics) -- Research ; Prediction Theory -- Research ; Spatial Analysis (Statistics) -- Research ; Algebra
    ISSN: 0027-8424
    Source: Cengage Learning, Inc.
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  • 5
    Language: English
    In: Environmental Pollution, 2015, Vol.205, p.394(9)
    Description: To link to full-text access for this article, visit this link: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.envpol.2015.05.029 Byline: Yonghong Zou, Lixia Wang, Erik R. Christensen Abstract: This work intended to explain the challenges of the fingerprints based source apportionment method for polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAH) in the aquatic environment, and to illustrate a practical and robust solution. The PAH data detected in the sediment cores from the Illinois River provide the basis of this study. Principal component analysis (PCA) separates PAH compounds into two groups reflecting their possible airborne transport patterns; but it is not able to suggest specific sources. Not all positive matrix factorization (PMF) determined sources are distinguishable due to the variability of source fingerprints. However, they constitute useful suggestions for inputs for a Bayesian chemical mass balance (CMB) analysis. The Bayesian CMB analysis takes into account the measurement errors as well as the variations of source fingerprints, and provides a credible source apportionment. Major PAH sources for Illinois River sediments are traffic (35%), coke oven (24%), coal combustion (18%), and wood combustion (14%). Author Affiliation: (a) Illinois Sustainable Technology Center, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, Champaign, IL 61820, USA (b) Department of Geosciences, University of Wisconsin-Milwaukee, Milwaukee, WI 53211, USA (c) Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering, University of Wisconsin-Milwaukee, Milwaukee, WI 53201, USA Article History: Received 19 March 2015; Revised 12 May 2015; Accepted 13 May 2015
    Keywords: River Sediments ; Green Technology ; Polycyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbons
    ISSN: 0269-7491
    Source: Cengage Learning, Inc.
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  • 6
    In: The New England Journal of Medicine, 2011, Vol.364(1), pp.89-91
    Description: To the Editor: Imerslund–Gräsbeck syndrome, or megaloblastic anemia 1, is a rare autosomal recessive disorder characterized by selective intestinal malabsorption of intrinsic factor–vitamin B 12 ; it is frequently accompanied by tubular proteinuria. 1 The syndrome is caused by mutations in the genes encoding the receptor partners cubilin ( CUBN ) or amnionless ( AMN ), 2 both of which are highly expressed in the absorptive epithelia of the ileum and the proximal tubules of the kidney. Cubilin, which interacts in the proximal tubules with megalin, another receptor with a high molecular weight, is critical to receptor-mediated tubular reabsorption of several important . . .
    Keywords: Alpha-Globulins–Urine ; Anemia, Megaloblastic–Genetics ; Apolipoprotein A-I–Analysis ; Humans–Anatomy & Histology ; Immunohistochemistry–Chemistry ; Kidney–Pathology ; Kidney–Genetics ; Kidney–Pathology ; Malabsorption Syndromes–Analysis ; Malabsorption Syndromes–Genetics ; Male–Pathology ; Point Mutation–Analysis ; Proteins–Deficiency ; Proteinuria–Genetics ; Proteinuria–Genetics ; Receptors, Cell Surface–Pathology ; Receptors, Cell Surface–Pathology ; Receptors, Cell Surface–Pathology ; Vitamin B 12 Deficiency–Pathology ; Vitamin B 12 Deficiency–Pathology ; Young Adult–Pathology ; Kidneys ; Proteins ; Apolipoproteins ; Vitamin D ; Molecular Weight ; Rodents ; Amn Protein, Human ; Alpha-Globulins ; Apolipoprotein A-I ; Proteins ; Receptors, Cell Surface ; Alpha-1-Microglobulin ; Intrinsic Factor-Cobalamin Receptor;
    ISSN: 0028-4793
    E-ISSN: 1533-4406
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  • 7
    Language: English
    In: Environmental Management, 2011, Vol.47(2), pp.201-217
    Description: Runoff coefficients are usually considered in isolation for each drainage area with resulting large uncertainties in the areas and coefficients. Accurate areas and coefficients are obtained here by optimizing runoff coefficients for characteristic Geographic Information Systems (GIS) subareas within each drainage area so that the resulting runoff coefficients of each drainage area are consistent with those obtained from runoff and rainfall volumes. Lack of fit can indicate that the ArcGIS information is inaccurate or more likely, that the drainage area needs adjustment. Results for 18 drainage areas in Milwaukee, WI for 2000–2004 indicate runoff coefficients ranging from 0.123 for a mostly residential area to 0.679 for a freeway-related land, with a standard error of 0.047. Optimized runoff coefficients are necessary input parameters for monitoring, and for the analysis and design of in situ stormwater unit operations and processes for the control of both urban runoff quantity and quality.
    Keywords: Stormwater runoff ; Geographic Information Systems (GIS) ; Drainage areas ; Runoff coefficients
    ISSN: 0364-152X
    E-ISSN: 1432-1009
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  • 8
    Language: English
    In: Water Research, 01 December 2012, Vol.46(19), pp.6585-6585
    Keywords: Engineering
    ISSN: 0043-1354
    E-ISSN: 1879-2448
    Source: ScienceDirect Journals (Elsevier)
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  • 9
    Language: English
    In: Gut, Sept, 2011, Vol.60(9), p.1254(6)
    Description: BACKGROUND: Patients with advanced cirrhosis often develop a hyperdynamic circulation with central hypovolaemia. The events that initiate the systemic haemodynamic abnormalities and the coupling of these factors to splanchnic haemodynamics are still unclear. OBJECTIVE: On the basis of a large population of patients with cirrhosis to identify splanchnic and clinical characteristics associated with the development of the hyperdynamic circulation and survival. METHODS: We included 410 patients with cirrhosis. In all patients, a full haemodynamic investigation was performed. The data were analysed using regression analyses, principal components analyses, and Cox proportional hazards analyses. RESULTS: Multivariate regression analyses showed that higher cardiac output was independently associated with higher hepatic venous pressure gradient (HVPG) and higher hepatic blood flow (HBF) (p〈0.00001). Higher heart rate was independently associated with presence of ascites and higher HVPG (p〈0.0001). Central blood volume and circulation time were independently associated with higher HBF and lower postsinusoidal resistance, respectively (p〈0.0001). Systemic vascular resistance was independently associated with lower HVPG (p〈0.0001). The final Cox proportional hazards model showed that decreased survival was independently associated with higher age (p=0.003), lower blood haemoglobin concentration (p=0.0006), higher plasma creatinine (p=0.01), higher plasma alkaline phosphatase (p=0.007), lower right atrial pressure (p=0.004), and higher heart rate (p=0.002). CONCLUSION: The development of the hyperdynamic circulation and central hypovolaemia are mainly explained by changes in portal pressure and HBF. Together with indicators of liver dysfunction, central hypovolaemia is associated with poorer prognosis.
    Keywords: Blood Circulation -- Observations ; Hemodynamic Monitoring -- Methods ; Liver -- Physiological Aspects ; Liver Cirrhosis -- Causes Of ; Liver Cirrhosis -- Risk Factors ; Liver Cirrhosis -- Diagnosis
    ISSN: 0017-5749
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  • 10
    Language: English
    In: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, 11 December 2012, Vol.109(50), pp.20338-43
    Description: This paper addresses a conjecture in the work by Kadison and Kastler [Kadison RV, Kastler D (1972) Am J Math 94:38-54] that a von Neumann algebra M on a Hilbert space H should be unitarily equivalent to each sufficiently close von Neumann algebra N, and, moreover, the implementing unitary can be chosen to be close to the identity operator. This conjecture is known to be true for amenable von Neumann algebras, and in this paper, we describe classes of nonamenable factors for which the conjecture is valid. These classes are based on tensor products of the hyperfinite II(1) factor with crossed products of abelian algebras by suitably chosen discrete groups.
    Keywords: Mathematics - Operator Algebras ; 46l10;
    ISSN: 00278424
    E-ISSN: 1091-6490
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