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  • 1
    Language: English
    In: Journal of Clinical Epidemiology, May 2013, Vol.66(5), pp.496-502.e2
    Description: We present a multistep process for identifying priority research areas in rehabilitation and long-term care of traumatic brain-injured (TBI) patients. In particular, we aimed to (1) identify which stakeholders should be involved; (2) identify what methods are appropriate; (3) examine different criteria for the generation of research priority areas; and (4) test the feasibility of linkage and exchange among researchers, decision makers, and other potential users of the research. Potential research questions were identified and developed using an initial scoping meeting and preliminary literature search, followed by a facilitated mapping workshop and an online survey. Identified research questions were then prioritized against specific criteria (clinical importance, novelty, and controversy). Existing evidence was then mapped to the high-priority questions using usual processes for search, screening, and selection. A broad range of stakeholders were then brought together at a forum to identify priority research themes for future research investment. Using clinical and research leaders, smaller targeted planning workshops prioritized specific research projects for each of the identified themes. Twenty-six specific questions about TBI rehabilitation were generated, 14 of which were high priority. No one method identified all high-priority questions. Methods that relied solely on the views of clinicians and researchers identified fewer high-priority questions compared with methods that used broader stakeholder engagement. Evidence maps of these high-priority questions yielded a number of evidence gaps. Priority questions and evidence maps were then used to inform a research forum, which identified 12 priority themes for future research. Our research demonstrates the value of a multistep and multimethod process involving many different types of stakeholders for prioritizing research to improve the rehabilitation outcomes of people who have suffered TBI. Enhancing stakeholder representation can be augmented using a combination of methods and a process of linkage and exchange. This process can inform decisions about prioritization of research areas.
    Keywords: Prioritization ; Traumatic Brain Injury ; Research Funding ; Evidence Mapping ; Research Gaps ; Rehabilitation ; Medicine
    ISSN: 0895-4356
    E-ISSN: 1878-5921
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  • 2
    Language: English
    In: BMC Medical Research Methodology, 01 June 2011, Vol.11(1), p.92
    Description: Abstract Background Evidence mapping describes the quantity, design and characteristics of research in broad topic areas, in contrast to systematic reviews, which usually address narrowly-focused research questions. The breadth of evidence mapping helps to identify evidence gaps, and may guide...
    Keywords: Medicine
    ISSN: 1471-2288
    E-ISSN: 1471-2288
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  • 3
    Language: English
    In: BMC Medical Research Methodology, June 17, 2011, Vol.11, p.92
    Description: Background Evidence mapping describes the quantity, design and characteristics of research in broad topic areas, in contrast to systematic reviews, which usually address narrowly-focused research questions. The breadth of evidence mapping helps to identify evidence gaps, and may guide future research efforts. The Global Evidence Mapping (GEM) Initiative was established in 2007 to create evidence maps providing an overview of existing research in Traumatic Brain Injury (TBI) and Spinal Cord Injury (SCI). Methods The GEM evidence mapping method involved three core tasks: Results One hundred and twenty-nine researchable clinical questions in TBI and SCI were identified. These questions were then prioritised into high (n = 60) and low (n = 69) importance by the stakeholders involved in question development. Since 2007, 58 263 abstracts have been screened, 3 731 full text articles have been reviewed and 1 644 relevant neurotrauma publications have been mapped, covering fifty-three high priority questions. Conclusions GEM Initiative evidence maps have a broad range of potential end-users including funding agencies, researchers and clinicians. Evidence mapping is at least as resource-intensive as systematic reviewing. The GEM Initiative has made advancements in evidence mapping, most notably in the area of question development and prioritisation. Evidence mapping complements other review methods for describing existing research, informing future research efforts, and addressing evidence gaps.
    Keywords: Spinal Cord Injuries -- Research ; Brain Injuries -- Research ; Observational Studies -- Research
    ISSN: 1471-2288
    Source: Cengage Learning, Inc.
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  • 4
    Language: English
    In: BMC Medical Research Methodology, June 17, 2011, Vol.11, p.92
    Description: Background Evidence mapping describes the quantity, design and characteristics of research in broad topic areas, in contrast to systematic reviews, which usually address narrowly-focused research questions. The breadth of evidence mapping helps to identify evidence gaps, and may guide future research efforts. The Global Evidence Mapping (GEM) Initiative was established in 2007 to create evidence maps providing an overview of existing research in Traumatic Brain Injury (TBI) and Spinal Cord Injury (SCI). Methods The GEM evidence mapping method involved three core tasks: Results One hundred and twenty-nine researchable clinical questions in TBI and SCI were identified. These questions were then prioritised into high (n = 60) and low (n = 69) importance by the stakeholders involved in question development. Since 2007, 58 263 abstracts have been screened, 3 731 full text articles have been reviewed and 1 644 relevant neurotrauma publications have been mapped, covering fifty-three high priority questions. Conclusions GEM Initiative evidence maps have a broad range of potential end-users including funding agencies, researchers and clinicians. Evidence mapping is at least as resource-intensive as systematic reviewing. The GEM Initiative has made advancements in evidence mapping, most notably in the area of question development and prioritisation. Evidence mapping complements other review methods for describing existing research, informing future research efforts, and addressing evidence gaps.
    Keywords: Spinal Cord Injuries -- Research ; Brain Injuries -- Research ; Observational Studies -- Research
    ISSN: 1471-2288
    Source: Cengage Learning, Inc.
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  • 5
    Language: English
    In: PLoS ONE, 01 January 2018, Vol.13(6), p.e0198676
    Description: OBJECTIVE:To appraise the currency, completeness and quality of evidence from systematic reviews (SRs) of acute management of moderate to severe traumatic brain injury (TBI). METHODS:We conducted comprehensive searches to March 2016 for published,...
    Keywords: Sciences (General)
    E-ISSN: 1932-6203
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  • 6
    Language: English
    In: The Cochrane database of systematic reviews, 01 July 2016, Vol.7, pp.CD006059
    Keywords: Anesthesia, General -- Methods ; Anesthetics, Intravenous -- Administration & Dosage ; Propofol -- Administration & Dosage
    ISSN: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
    E-ISSN: 1469-493X
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  • 7
    Language: English
    In: Journal of the Medical Library Association, April, 2011, Vol.99(2), p.S1(2)
    Description: An evidence map is an overview of a broad research field that describes the volume, nature, and characteristics of research in that field [1]. Evidence maps can indicate research links, gaps, and strengths in a broad clinical context, while systematic reviews focus on a single clinical question [2, 3]. Maps complement systematic reviews by engaging stakeholders to identify and prioritize questions that may be informed by research evidence, highlighting the applicability of research evidence to different populations and contexts, and identifying important gaps that can inform further primary research or systematic reviews [3].
    Keywords: Brain Injuries -- Diagnosis
    ISSN: 1536-5050
    E-ISSN: 15589439
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  • 8
    Language: English
    In: Studies in health technology and informatics, 2017, Vol.239, pp.104-111
    Description: Consumers are frequently involved in different kinds of health research, such as clinical trials, focus groups, and surveys. As pointed out by different studies, recruiting and involving consumers to participate in academic research can be challenging. While different research and guidelines are provided to instruct researchers to recruit participants ethically, they seldom consider the needs and expectations of consumers. In this research, we interviewed 23 consumers with musculoskeletal conditions in Australia, to understand their needs and motivations for participating in research from a user-centred perspective. Based on these data, we systematically summarise consumers' feedback into four main themes: (1) Research as Learning Opportunity; (2) The Important Role of Communities and Health Professionals; (3) Research Transparency and Updates; and (4) Special Needs for People with MSK Conditions. As a result, a few recommendations are proposed and researchers should further consider these when designing consumer-based studies. Ultimately, with a better understanding of consumers, we hope that our research can enhance consumer engagement and improve their participation in health research.
    Keywords: Engagement ; Consumer Participation ; Musculoskeletal Conditions ; Recruitment ; User-Centred Research ; Motivation ; Musculoskeletal Diseases ; Patient Participation
    ISSN: 0926-9630
    Source: MEDLINE/PubMed (U.S. National Library of Medicine)
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  • 9
    Description: Objective: To appraise the currency, completeness and quality of evidence from systematic reviews (SRs) of acute management of moderate to severe traumatic brain injury (TBI). Methods and findings: We conducted comprehensive searches to March 2016 for published, English-language SRs and RCTs of acute management of moderate to severe TBI. Systematic reviews and RCTs were grouped under 12 broad intervention categories. For each review, we mapped the included and non-included RCTs, noting the reasons why RCTs were omitted. An SR was judged as ‘current’ when it included the most recently published RCT we found on their topic, and ‘complete’ when it included every RCT we found that met its inclusion criteria, taking account of when the review was conducted. Quality was assessed using the AMSTAR checklist (trichotomised into low, moderate and high quality). We included 85 SRs and 213 RCTs examining the effectiveness of treatments for acute management of moderate to severe TBI. The most frequently reviewed interventions were hypothermia (n = 17, 14.2%), hypertonic saline and/or mannitol (n = 9, 7.5%) and surgery (n = 8, 6.7%). Of the 80 single-intervention SRs, approximately half (n = 44, 55%) were judged as current and two-thirds (n = 52, 65.0 %) as...
    Keywords: Humans ; Evidence-Based Medicine ; Brain Injuries, Traumatic ; Systematic Reviews As Topic
    ISSN: 1932-6203
    Source: DataCite
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  • 10
    In: Medical Journal of Australia, March 2002, Vol.176(5), pp.237-238
    Description: A woman with a history of migraine associated with hemiparaesthesia, and possibly dysphasia, attended her general practitioner suffering from irregular and frequent menstrual cycles. The doctor considered treatment with oral contraceptives to control her cycles and possibly relieve her migraine attacks. He asked about the risk of treatment with oral contraceptives, compared with no treatment, in a patient with transient neurological signs associated with migraine. (non-author abstract)
    Keywords: General Medicine
    ISSN: 0025-729X
    E-ISSN: 1326-5377
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