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Berlin Brandenburg

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  • 1
    Language: English
    In: Science (New York, N.Y.), 02 April 2010, Vol.328(5974), pp.92-4
    Description: When selection favors sexual dimorphism, high-fitness parents often produce low-fitness progeny of the opposite sex. This sexual conflict is thought to overwhelm the genetic benefits of mate choice because preferred males incur a cost through the production of low-fitness daughters. We provide a counterpoint in a lizard (Anolis sagrei) that exhibits sexual conflict over body size. By using mate-choice experiments, we show that female brown anoles produce more sons than daughters via large sires but more daughters than sons via small sires. Measures of progeny fitness in the wild suggest that maximal fitness payoffs can be achieved by shifting offspring production from daughters to sons as sire size increases. These results illustrate how the resolution of sexual conflict can restore the genetic benefits of mate choice.
    Keywords: Genetic Fitness ; Mating Preference, Animal ; Lizards -- Genetics
    ISSN: 00368075
    E-ISSN: 1095-9203
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  • 2
    Language: English
    In: Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 2012, Vol.102(3), pp.616-632
    Description: Drawing from terror management theory, the present research examined whether people turn to close relationships to manage the awareness of mortality because they serve as a source of perceived regard. Studies 1 and 2 demonstrated that mortality salience (MS) leads people to exaggerate how positively their romantic partners see them and demonstrated that people are more committed to their partners to the extent that their romantic partners serve as a source of perceived regard after MS (Study 3). Study 4 revealed that activating thoughts of perceived regard from a partner in response to MS reduced death-thought accessibility. Studies 5 and 6 demonstrated that MS led high relationship contingent self-esteem individuals to exaggerate perceived regard from a partner, and this heightened regard led to greater commitment to one's partner. Study 7 examined attachment style differences and found that after MS, anxious individuals exaggerated how positively their parents see them, whereas secure individuals exaggerated how positively their romantic partners see them. Together, the present results suggest that perceptions of regard play an important role in why people pursue close relationships in the face of existential concerns.
    Keywords: Terror Management Theory ; Mortality Salience ; Close Relationships ; Perceived Regard ; Relationship Self-Esteem
    ISSN: 0022-3514
    E-ISSN: 1939-1315
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  • 3
    In: Nature, 2015, Vol.527(7579), p.451
    ISSN: 0028-0836
    Source: Nature Publishing Group
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  • 4
    Language: English
    In: Nature, October 2018, Vol.562(7726), pp.194-195
    Description: UK Biobank contains a wealth of data on genetics, health and more from 500,000 participants. A detailed overview of the biobank and an analysis of its brain-imaging data show the value of this resource. A bank of genomic and phenotypic data from 500,000 people.
    Keywords: Databases ; Genetics ; Genomics ; Big Data ; Biological Specimen Banks
    ISSN: 00280836
    E-ISSN: 1476-4687
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  • 5
    Language: English
    In: Nursing Standard, Jan 19, 2011, Vol.25(20), p.23(1)
    Keywords: Kidney Diseases -- Demographic Aspects ; Kidney Diseases -- Care And Treatment ; Kidney Diseases -- Patient Outcomes ; Patient Care -- Management
    ISSN: 0029-6570
    E-ISSN: 20479018
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  • 6
    Language: English
    In: World Development, Feb, 2014, Vol.54, p.46(10)
    Description: To link to full-text access for this article, visit this link: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.worlddev.2013.07.010 Byline: Michael Cox Abstract: While community-based resource management (CBRM) systems frequently include religious beliefs, little has been done to explore and document the role that religion may play in traditional CBRM. To address this gap, in this paper we present the results of a meta-analysis of the role that religion plays in CBRM. We find that several important governance functions are implemented as religious practices and through beliefs in the supernatural. We also find that religious governance can positively affect natural resource conditions. We conclude that such belief systems should be accounted for as new policy interventions are implemented. Article History: Accepted 23 July 2013
    ISSN: 0305-750X
    Source: Cengage Learning, Inc.
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  • 7
    Language: English
    In: World Development, Feb, 2014, Vol.54, p.46(10)
    Description: To link to full-text access for this article, visit this link: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.worlddev.2013.07.010 Byline: Michael Cox Abstract: While community-based resource management (CBRM) systems frequently include religious beliefs, little has been done to explore and document the role that religion may play in traditional CBRM. To address this gap, in this paper we present the results of a meta-analysis of the role that religion plays in CBRM. We find that several important governance functions are implemented as religious practices and through beliefs in the supernatural. We also find that religious governance can positively affect natural resource conditions. We conclude that such belief systems should be accounted for as new policy interventions are implemented. Article History: Accepted 23 July 2013
    ISSN: 0305-750X
    Source: Cengage Learning, Inc.
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  • 8
    Language: English
    In: Science (New York, N.Y.), 21 August 2015, Vol.349(6250), pp.790-1
    Description: Hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection is a blood-borne disease that infects ~185 million people (~3% of the world's population) worldwide (1). It can result in severe liver disease and is the leading cause of liver cancer in many countries. Although directly acting antivirals (DAAs) that target the viral life cycle have created enormous optimism about controlling HCV infection, achieving that goal remains a substantial challenge. Both acute and chronic infections are largely asymptomatic, infection incidence is rising in the United States (2), and comprehensive screening programs are rare in the most highly endemic regions of the world. As a result, less than 5% of the world's HCV-infected population, and only 50% of the United States' HCV-infected population, are aware that they are infected (3, 4) (see the figure). Most of these individuals will not receive treatment and will remain at risk for transmitting the infection to others. Successful control of HCV infection will most likely require a combination of mass global screening to identify those with infection, treatment, and prevention. Prophylactic HCV vaccination would also go a long way to reducing harm for uninfected people who are at risk.
    Keywords: Disease Eradication -- Methods ; Hepatitis C -- Prevention & Control ; Viral Hepatitis Vaccines -- Administration & Dosage
    ISSN: 00368075
    E-ISSN: 1095-9203
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  • 9
    Article
    Article
    Language: English
    In: Nursing standard (Royal College of Nursing (Great Britain) : 1987), 17 February 2015, Vol.29(24), pp.63
    Description: My grandmother had dementia and when I qualified in 2006, I felt spurred on to choose a career where I could make a difference. After I worked as a nurse consultant at the charity Dementia Care Matters, I became the manager of a Care UK nursing home.
    Keywords: Dementia -- Nursing ; Nurse Administrators -- Trends ; Nursing Homes -- Trends
    ISSN: 00296570
    E-ISSN: 2047-9018
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  • 10
    Language: English
    In: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, 28 March 2017, Vol.114(13), pp.3284-3285
    Description: Author contributions: R.L.C. wrote the paper.
    Keywords: Metabolic Syndrome ; Ppar Delta
    ISSN: 00278424
    E-ISSN: 1091-6490
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