Organizational Behavior and Human Decision Processes, March 2012, Vol.117(2), pp.235-248
► We integrate empowering leadership into relational fairness models. ► Encouraging self-development instilled a wish for status information in a lab study. ► It also strengthened the procedural fairness–OCB link, via status, in a field study. ► Encouraging independent action decreased the desire for status information. ► It also weakened the procedural fairness-OCB link, via status. We examined how procedural fairness interacts with empowering leadership to promote employee OCB. We focused on two core empowering leadership types— and . An experiment revealed that leaders encouraging self-development made employees desire status information more (i.e., information regarding one’s value to the organization). Conversely, leaders encouraging independent action decreased employees’ desire for this type of information. Subsequently, a multisource field study (with a US and German sample) showed that encouraging self-development strengthened the relationship between procedural fairness and employee OCB, and this relationship was mediated by employees’ self-perceived status. Conversely, encouraging independent action weakened the procedural fairness-OCB relationship, as mediated by self-perceived status. This research integrates empowering leadership styles into relational fairness theories, highlighting that multiple leader behaviors should be examined in concert and that empowering leadership can have unintended consequences.
Justice ; Procedural Justice ; Fairness ; Empowerment ; Empowering Leadership ; Organization Citizenship Behavior ; Autonomy ; Self-Development ; Business ; Psychology
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