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  • 1
    Language: English
    In: European Business Organization Law Review, 2003, Vol.4(1), pp.83-113
    Description: The corporate landscape of a country comprises the total number and size, overall activity, economic performance, legal form, corporate governance and importance of the companies that operate there. It is dependent, , on the countrys size, population, economic strength, historical development, traditions, stability, stage of development of the legal system and geographic position, as well as a series of other factors. This paper presents the authors views on the current level of development of Croatias corporate landscape. In order to understand the changes that have taken place in this landscape, it is also necessary to describe the state of the Croatian corporate landscape in 1989, before the transition. It is also important to explain how private companies were established, how foreign direct investment was carried out, the course of privatisation, how bankruptcies were handled and how Croatias capital markets developed. Taken together, these factors paint a comprehensive picture of the corporate and social landscape in Croatia. After these factors have been analysed, this paper presents on Croatian companies and an overview of corporate governance in Croatia.
    Keywords: Croatia ; Commercial Law ; Transition Economies ; Corporate Governance ; Privatization ; Foreign Investment ; Eastern Europe ; Law ; Boards of Directors ; International Trade & Foreign Investment;
    ISSN: 1566-7529
    E-ISSN: 1741-6205
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  • 2
    Language: English
    In: Energy Policy, Nov, 2010, Vol.38(11), p.7014-7020
    Description: The problems related to our strong dependency on fossil fuels, i.e. greenhouse effect, energy dependency, urban pollution, are of growing importance in recent years. European Union (EU) Action plan of 2003, which had originated from Kyoto Agreement, defined a strategy for substitution of 20% of conventional fuel with the alternative one by 2020. Proved advantages of biodiesel usage in the system of public transport of passengers, with regard to exhaust gases emission above all, have been the decisive determinants for the actual promotion of biodiesel as ecologically ''clean'' fuel, while its wider usage gives important contribution to sustainable development of cities. This paper presents results of biodiesel-test run in Belgrade, as a part of the project BIO-PEX, which relates to the usage of this alternative fuel in real operating conditions in urban public transport system, with special emphasis on technical, ecological and operational aspects of biofuel usage. All rights reserved, Elsevier
    Keywords: International Organizations -- Energy Policy ; Urban Transportation -- Laws, Regulations And Rules ; Renewable Energy -- Laws, Regulations And Rules
    ISSN: 0301-4215
    E-ISSN: 18736777
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  • 3
    Language: English
    In: Inorganic Chemistry, Oct 20, 2014, Vol.53(20), p.11130-11139
    Description: A one-electron reduction of osmium(IV) complexes trans-[Os(IV)Cl4(Hazole)2], where Hazole = 1H-pyrazole ([1](0)), 2H-indazole ([2](0)), 1H-imidazole ([3](0)), and 1H-benzimidazole ([4](0)), afforded a series of eight new complexes as osmium analogues of KP1019, a lead anticancer drug in clinical trials, with the general formula (cation)[trans-Os(III)Cl4(Hazole)2], where cation = H2pz(+) (H2pz[1]), H2ind(+) (H2ind[2]), H2im(+) (H2im[3]), Ph4P(+) (Ph4P[3]), nBu4N(+) (nBu4N[3]), H2bzim(+) (H2bzim[4]), Ph4P(+) (Ph4P[4]), and nBu4N(+) (nBu4N[4]). All complexes were characterized by elemental analysis, (1)H NMR spectroscopy, electrospray ionization mass spectrometry, UV-vis spectroscopy, cyclic voltammetry, while H2pz[1], H2ind[2], and nBu4[3], in addition, by X-ray diffraction. The reduced species [1](-) and [4](-) are stable in aqueous media in the absence of air oxygen and do not react with small biomolecules such as amino acids and the nucleotide 5'-dGMP. Cell culture experiments in five different human cancer cell lines (HeLa, A549, FemX, MDA-MB-453, and LS-174) and one noncancerous cell line (MRC-5) were performed, and the results were discussed and compared to those for KP1019 and cisplatin. Benzannulation in complexes with similar structure enhances antitumor activity by several orders of magnitude, implicating different mechanisms of action of the tested compounds. In particular, complexes H2ind[2] and H2bzim[4] exhibited significant antiproliferative activity in vitro when compared to H2pz[1] and H2im[3].
    Keywords: Osmium -- Electric Properties ; Osmium -- Chemical Properties ; Osmium -- Research ; X-Ray Crystallography -- Analysis ; Spectroscopy -- Analysis
    ISSN: 0020-1669
    E-ISSN: 1520510X
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  • 4
    Language: English
    In: Hispania, June 2013, Vol.96(2), p.283
    Description: Theories of situated knowledge support that knowledge involves experience of practices rather than just accumulated information. While an important segment of foreign language teacher education programs focuses on the theoretical component of second/foreign language acquisition theories and...
    Keywords: Spanish ; Teacher Education Programs ; Second Language Instruction ; Second Language Learning ; Foreign Countries ; Service Learning ; Language Teachers ; Professional Identity ; Linguistic Theory ; Preservice Teachers ; Program Descriptions ; Educational Policy ; Teaching Methods ; Case Studies ; Serbia ; Education ; Languages & Literatures
    ISSN: 0018-2133
    E-ISSN: 2153-6414
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  • 5
    Language: English
    In: Bell Labs Technical Journal, March 2012, Vol.16(4), pp.171-185
    Description: The cliff effect is a phenomenon evidenced when the quality of received data drops abruptly when the channel quality falls below a critical point and does not improve once the channel quality surpasses this point. In modern networks (content delivery networks (CDNs), mobile, wireless), when content is transmitted over diverse channels to heterogeneous users, the cliff effect becomes a major impediment. In simultaneous video delivery to multiple users, the users with channel quality below the critical point will receive unwatchable streams, whereas those whose channel quality is well above it will not see any improvement. We propose a multiple description based joint source-channel coding approach to suppress the cliff effect in video delivery, which can be optimized according to a statistical description of the channels, and specific requirements of the application. After introducing the analytical model of the proposed approach, we describe two possible strategies to modify state-of-the-art video codecs. This involves design of a new data processing block based on linear complexity encoding by sparse codes, which is our ongoing work. © 2012 Alcatel-Lucent.
    Keywords: Engineering
    ISSN: 1089-7089
    E-ISSN: 1538-7305
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  • 6
    In: Soft Matter, 2013, Vol.9(12), pp.3349-3360
    Description: Phase transitions from a dispersed lamellar to hexagonal liquid crystalline phase have been investigated in a catanionic surfactant mixture formed by mixing a single tailed cationic surfactant, dodecylammonium chloride, with a double tailed anionic surfactant, sodium bis(2-ethylhexyl) sulfosuccinate. Depending on the bulk composition and total surfactant concentration, mixed micelles, vesicles, lamellar and hexagonal columnar liquid crystalline phases have been identified. Differences in the geometry of the two hydrophobic chains stabilize vesicles of different shapes (spherical, tubular and pearled) relative to the liquid crystalline phase even in stoichiometric mixtures. At higher surfactant concentrations the phase transition from a dispersed lamellar to hexagonal columnar liquid crystalline phase proceeds continuously, with both phases coexisting over a range of concentrations. The transition proceeds through processes of vesicle aggregation, reorganization into multilayer sheets rolled-up into tubules, and formation of a hexagonal columnar liquid crystalline phase.
    Keywords: Concentration (Composition) ; Phase Transformations ; Multilayers ; Chlorides ; Vesicles ; Liquid Crystals ; Surfactants ; Dispersion ; Condensed Matter Physics (General) (So);
    ISSN: 1744-683X
    E-ISSN: 1744-6848
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  • 7
    Language: English
    In: Antioxidants & Redox Signaling, March 1, 2014, Vol.20(7), p.1075(11)
    Description: Significance: In the cells' nuclei, high-mobility group box protein 1 (HMGB1) is a nonhistone chromatin-binding protein involved in the regulation of transcription. Extracellularly, HMGB1 acts as a danger molecule with properties of a proinflammatory cytokine. It can be actively secreted from myeloid cells or passively leak from any type of injured, necrotic cell. Increased serum levels of active HMGB1 are often found in pathogenic inflammatory conditions and correlate with worse prognoses in cancer, sepsis, and autoimmunity. By damaging cells, superoxide and peroxynitrite promote leakage of HMGB1. Recent Advances: The activity of HMGB1 strongly depends on its redox state: Inflammatory-active HMGB1 requires an intramolecular disulfide bond (Cys23 and Cys45) and a reduced Cys106. Oxidation of the latter blocks its stimulatory activity and promotes immune tolerance. Critical Issues: Reactive oxygen and nitrogen species create an oxidative environment and can be detoxified by superoxide dismutase (SOD), catalase, and peroxidases. Modifications of the oxidative environment influence HMGB1 activity. Future Directions: In this review, we hypothesize that manipulations of an oxidative environment by SOD mimics or by hydrogen sulfide are prone to decrease tissue damage. Both the concomitant decreased HMGB1 release and its redox chemical modifications ameliorate inflammation and tissue damage. Antioxid. Redox Signal . 20, 1075–1085.
    Keywords: Oxidation-Reduction Reactions -- Research ; Reactive Oxygen Species -- Research ; Signaling Peptides And Proteins -- Research
    ISSN: 1523-0864
    E-ISSN: 15577716
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  • 8
    Language: English
    In: International Journal of Management Cases, 01/01/2012, Vol.14(3), pp.32-40
    ISSN: 17416264
    Source: CrossRef
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  • 9
    Language: English
    In: International Journal of Manpower, 2017, Vol.38(4), pp.632-644
    Description: Purpose The purpose of this paper is to empirically distinguish the influence of the individual factors (enjoyment in helping others and knowledge self-efficacy), organizational factors (top management support and organizational rewards) and technology factors (information and communication technology use) on knowledge-sharing processes. Design/methodology/approach Data were collected through a survey of 196 employees from large ICT companies in Croatia, and structural equation modeling was used to investigate the research model. Findings Results of the empirical research indicate that enjoyment in helping others as an individual factor, top management support as an organizational factor, and ICT use as a technology factor significantly influence knowledge-sharing processes. The results also suggest that the willingness of employee to donate and collect knowledge enables the firm to improve innovation capability. No influence of the individual factor knowledge self-efficacy on the employee knowledge-sharing behavior was found within this research. Research limitations/implications Subjectivity of respondents, Likert scale – perception, and future research can include higher number of population and examine how personal traits (such as age, level of education, and working experience) and organizational characteristics (such as firm size) may moderate the relationships between knowledge enablers and processes. Practical implications From a practical perspective, the relationships among knowledge-sharing enablers, processes, and firm innovation capability may provide a guide regarding how firms can promote knowledge-sharing cultures to sustain their innovation performance. Originality/value This study identifies several factors essential to successful knowledge sharing, and discusses the implications of these factors for developing organizational strategies that encourage and foster knowledge sharing.
    Keywords: Knowledge Management – Analysis ; Organizational Learning – Management ; Information Technology Services Industry – Innovations ; Information Technology Services Industry – Management ; Corporate Culture – Analysis ; Organizational Behavior – Analysis
    ISSN: 0143-7720
    E-ISSN: 17586577
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  • 10
    In: RSC Advances, 2014, Vol.4(90), pp.49478-49484
    Description: In this work, a chromium-based metal organic framework (Cr-MOF) was synthesized, characterized and tested for the adsorption of a model highly ozone-depleting anaesthetic (sevoflurane). Adsorption isotherms were measured at different temperatures e.g. , 283, 298, 313 and 328 K on both Cr-MOF and a conventionally used reference adsorbent. At the temperatures used in this study, the Cr-based MOF showed a significantly higher sevoflurane (selected anaesthetic) equilibrium adsorption capacity compared to the reference sample, although adsorption on the selected MOF did not take place on all active sites ( i.e. , it did not expose its coordinatively unsaturated sites). Moreover, sevoflurane adsorption on Cr-MOF was found to be fully reversible in the 283328 K temperature range, and the adsorbent was fully regenerated by vacuum treatment at ambient temperature. The semiempirical Sips model was successfully used to fit sevoflurane adsorption data, substantially confirming the phenomenological aspects of the process inferable from the experimental results.
    Keywords: Ambient Temperature ; Chromium ; Anaesthetics ; Vapour ; Adsorption ; Adsorbents ; Isotherms ; Unsaturated ; Metal-Organic Frameworks ; Chemical and Electrochemical Properties (MD) ; Chemical and Electrochemical Properties (Ep) ; Chemical and Electrochemical Properties (Ed) ; Chemical and Electrochemical Properties (EC);
    ISSN: 2046-2069
    E-ISSN: 2046-2069
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