Developmental and Comparative Immunology, September 2012, Vol.38(1), pp.17-26
► ISCOM-Matrix elicit a type 1 interferon-associated response. ► Several pattern-recognition receptors are modulated by ISCOM-Matrix. ► ISCOM-Matrix induce a chemokine profile of neutrophil and dendritic cell migration. ISCOM vaccines induce a balanced Th1/Th2 response, long-lasting antibody responses and cytotoxic T lymphocytes. The mode of action for the adjuvant component, the ISCOM-Matrix, is known to some extent but questions remain regarding its mechanism of action. The Affymetrix GeneChip® Porcine Genome Array was applied to study the global transcriptional response to ISCOM-Matrix in pigs at the injection site and in the draining lymph node 24 h after i.m. injection. Gene enrichment analysis revealed inflammation, innate immunity and antigen processing to be central in the ISCOM-Matrix response. At the injection site, 594 genes were differentially expressed, including up-regulation of the cytokines osteopontin (SPP1), IL-10 and IL-18 and the chemokines CCL2, CCL19 and CXCL16. Of the 362 genes differentially expressed in the lymph node, IL-1β and CXCL11 were up-regulated whereas IL18, CCL15 and CXCL12 were down-regulated. ISCOM-Matrix also modulated genes for pattern recognition receptors at the injection site (TLR2, TLR4, MRC1, PTX3, LGALS3) and in the lymph node (TLR4, RIG-I, MDA5, OAS1, EIF2AK2, LGALS3). A high proportion of up-regulated interferon-regulated genes indicated an interferon response. Thus, several genes, genetic pathways and biological processes were identified that are likely to shape the early immune response elicited by ISCOM-based vaccines.
Adjuvant ; Gene Expression ; Innate Immunity ; Iscom-Matrix ; Microarray ; Porcine ; Medicine ; Biology
View record in ScienceDirect (Access to full text may be restricted)