Personality and Individual Differences, 2011, Vol.51(5), pp.629-634
► We investigate the psychometric properties of the (QCM) using Latin Squarae Tasks and derive a short form. ► We find evidence for measurement invariance of QCM scores with respect to gender, although full intercept invariance could not be obtained. ► Females show a higher latent mean for anxiety, while males have a higher latent mean for probability of success. ► Interest significantly predicts test performance. This article explores the measurement properties of the (QCM; ), which measures four factors of current achievement motivation (anxiety, challenge, interest, and probability of success) in the context of taking an abstract reasoning test. Two studies were conducted. In study 1, the measurement model of the QCM was tested, and a short form consisting of 12 of the original 18 QCM items was derived. Data were obtained from = 350 students completing the QCM in anticipation of working on a test of Latin Square Tasks. In study 2, the measurement properties of the short form were replicated with data from a sample of = 509 students. Measurement invariance with respect to gender was investigated using multigroup CFA models. The results showed that the assumptions of equal numbers of factors, factor loadings, and residual variances could be confirmed, but evidence for full intercept invariance was not obtained. There were significant differences in the latent means for anxiety and probability of success between female and male test takers, but none of these two factors had an influence on actual test performance, which was instead significantly predicted by interest in the task.
Achievement Motivation ; Latin Square Task ; Measurement Invariance ; Multigroup Analysis ; Psychology
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