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  • 1
    UID:
    kobvindex_ZLB34409682
    Format: 1 Online-Ressource (36 Seiten) , 514 KB
    Note: Datum des Herunterladens: 21.7.2020
    Language: German
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  • 2
    UID:
    edochu_18452_29270
    Format: 1 Online-Ressource (18 Seiten)
    Content: Introduction: An ample scholarly literature on voluntary migration has shown that migration is a highly selective process, resulting in migrant populations that often differ significantly from their respective population of origin in terms of their socio-demographic characteristics. The literature attributes these differences to either migrants' active choice and agency in the migration decision (i.e., self-selection), or to selectively applied external constraints. Although the socio-demographic make-up of forced migrant populations has received significant attention in public discourses in receiving countries such as Germany and Turkey, the literature on migrant selection largely focuses on voluntary migration and self-selection mechanisms. As a result, the selection mechanisms of forcibly displaced persons are less well-understood. Particularly in the context of forced migration, the conditions for migration fluctuate heavily within a relatively short time span, e.g., regarding immigration policies and border controls. In this study we contribute to that literature by exploring the changing conditions under which Syrians sought international humanitarian protection between 2013 and 2017 and linking them to the selection outcomes in three major receiving countries: Lebanon, Turkey, and Germany. Methods: Based on novel household survey data, we compare age, gender, socio-economic background, and family context of the Syrian populations in Lebanon, Turkey, and Germany by arrival cohort (2013–2017). In a narrative approach, we combine the cohort analysis of Syrians in Lebanon, Turkey, and Germany with contextual analyses of the (changing) frameworks governing refugee migration in transit and destination countries and descriptive analyses of changing risk levels along migration routes into Europe. Results: Our analyses reveal that higher external barriers coincide with a stronger selection in migrants' socio-demographic make-up. In particular, riskier routes and higher entry barriers are associated with a lower share of female migrants, a lower share traveling with family members, and a higher socio-economic background. Discussion: In this study, we describe differences in forced migrants' selection outcomes in countries of first refuge neighboring the origin country, relative to a reception country in the global north. By establishing legal and political frameworks as well as the accessibility of routes as external barriers to forced migration we expand on the existing theoretical approaches to selection effects and identify a need for policy intervention to ensure equitable access to humanitarian protection.
    Content: Peer Reviewed
    In: Lausanne : Frontiers Media, 5
    Language: English
    URL: Volltext  (kostenfrei)
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  • 3
    UID:
    gbv_1761297732
    Format: 1 Online-Ressource (circa 35 Seiten) , Illustrationen
    Series Statement: IAB-Forschungsbericht 2021, 5
    Content: Die Covid-19-Pandemie und die Eindämmungsmaßnahmen haben erhebliche Folgen für den deutschen Arbeitsmarkt. Die deutsche Volkswirtschaft hat sich überwiegend durch Kurzarbeit und die Verlegung wirtschaftlicher Aktivitäten in das Homeoffice sowie durch andere Arbeitszeitkürzungen an den COVID-19-Schock angepasst. Die Auswirkungen des Schocks variieren jedoch zwischen unterschiedlichen Gruppen am Arbeitsmarkt: Geflüchtete und, in geringerem Umfang, andere Migrantinnen und Migranten waren während des ersten Lockdowns überdurchschnittlich von Beschäftigungsabbau und Kurzarbeit betroffen. Geflüchtete konnten außerdem die von ihnen ausgeübten Tätigkeiten nur in sehr geringem Umfang im Homeoffice durchführen. Wichtige Ursachen für diese negativen Arbeitsmarktwirkungen sind befristete Beschäftigungsverhältnisse, kurze Betriebszugehörigkeiten und Unterschiede in den Tätigkeitsstrukturen. Weiterhin ist bei Geflüchteten und anderen Migrantinnen und Migranten die Arbeitslosigkeit sehr viel stärker gestiegen als die Beschäftigung gesunken ist. Dies kann u.a. auf den pandemiebedingten Abbruch und die Unterbrechung von Integrations- und Qualifizierungsmaßnahmen zurückgeführt werden. Unmittelbar nach dem Auslaufen der Eindämmungsmaßnahmen des ersten Lockdowns ist die Beschäftigung der Geflüchteten wieder gestiegen. Allerdings ist ihr Beschäftigungswachstum 2020 sehr viel geringer als in den Vorjahren ausgefallen.
    Content: The Covid-19 pandemic and its containment measures have had considerable consequences for the German labor market. The German economy has predominantly adapted to the COVID-19 shock through short-time work and the shift of economic activities to working from home, as well as other reductions in working hours. However, the impact of the shock has varied across different groups in the labor market: refugees and, to a lesser extent, other migrants were affected more than average by employment reductions and short-time work during the first lockdown. Refugees were also only able to perform their jobs at home to a very limited extent. Important causes of these negative labor market effects are temporary employment contracts, short tenures and differences in employment structures. Furthermore, among refugees and other migrants, unemployment has increased much more than employment has decreased. This can be attributed, among other things, to the discontinuation and interruption of integration and qualification measures due to the pandemic. Immediately after the containment measures of the first lockdown ended, the employment of refugees increased again. However, their employment growth in 2020 was much lower than in previous years
    Language: German
    Keywords: Graue Literatur
    Author information: Hauptmann, Andreas
    Author information: Brücker, Herbert 1960-
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  • 4
    UID:
    edochu_18452_28842
    Format: 1 Online-Ressource (19 Seiten)
    Content: Key points: (1) Social and economic disadvantages and poor living conditions of Syrians in Turkey prior to the earthquakes made them particularly vulnerable to the destructive force of the earthquakes. (2) Syrians have less social, financial and material resources to cope with the earthquake-related losses and damages, amplifying inequalities and vulnerabilities. (3) Rather than receiving the social and economic support that could help compensate for existing inequalities, some Syrians report experiences of discrimination and serious problems because of inadequate aid.
    Content: Peer Reviewed
    Language: English
    URL: Volltext  (kostenfrei)
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  • 5
    UID:
    gbv_1852601124
    ISBN: 9783848777853
    Note: Literaturangaben
    In: Flucht- und Flüchtlingsforschung, Baden-Baden : Nomos, 2023, (2023), Seite 177-181, 9783848777853
    In: 3848777851
    In: year:2023
    In: pages:177-181
    Language: German
    Keywords: Aufsatz im Buch
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