Occupational and Environmental Medicine September 2016, Vol.73(Suppl 1), p.A29
Hepatitis E virus (HEV) infection is endemic in many developing countries, causing substantial morbidity. Transmission is primarily faeco-oral and is associated with both sporadic infections and epidemics in areas without drinkable water. In industrialised countries, HEV infection was thought to occur only in individuals infected in endemic areas. However, sporadic cases have been reported in persons from industrialised regions with no history of recent travel. Such reports and the availability of more comprehensive molecular and serological data have changed HEV epidemiology, accepting that autochthonous HEV is a problem and an endemic disease in industrialised countries. Moreover, a porcine reservoir and growing evidence of zoonotic transmission have been reported in these countries, suggesting the possibility of occupational transmission to man. This review summarises the current knowledge on the epidemiology and prevention of transmission of HEV infection in occupational settings.
Data Processing ; Epidemics ; Handlers ; Infection ; Serological Tests ; Morbidity ; Disease Transmission ; Hepatitis ; Epidemiology ; Reviews ; Risk Factors ; Immunoglobulin G ; Developing Countries ; Occupational Exposure ; Hepatitis ; Travel ; Historical Account ; Health Risks ; Prevention ; Risk Factors ; Viruses ; Drinking Water ; Infection ; Developing Countries ; Morbidity ; Occupational Exposure ; Hepeviridae ; Hepatitis E Virus ; British Isles ; Inw, Japan ; USA ; Asw, South America ; Ane, France ; Inw, Russia ; Occupational Safety and Health ; Reviews, Legislation, Book & Conference Notices ; Human Diseases;
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