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  • 1
    Language: English
    In: Vaccine, 17 October 2013, Vol.31(44), pp.5111-5117
    Description: Healthcare personnel (HCP) are at risk from occupational exposure to airborne and bloodborne pathogens, and the risk of infection among HCP is greater than among the general population. The aim of the study was to characterize attitudes toward occupational recommended vaccines as well as the perception of risks of occupationally acquired infections. We surveyed 650 medical students to assess their perception of influenza and hepatitis B and their opinions and beliefs about influenza and hepatitis B vaccines. We found differences between pre-clinical and clinical students regarding the uptake of influenza and hepatitis B vaccines, about the chances of being occupationally infected with influenza or hepatitis B, and about the likelihood of suffering from severe side-effects following immunization. Interestingly, the risk perception varied drastically between the two vaccine-preventable diseases hepatitis B and influenza. Medical students rated the probability of contracting hepatitis B due to a work-related exposure and the severity of disease significantly higher than for influenza, and this may be an explanation for the greater acceptance of the hepatitis B vaccine. Furthermore, our findings suggest that medical students are frequently inaccurate in assessing their own risk level, and their specific knowledge about both diseases and the severity of these diseases proved to be unsatisfactory.
    Keywords: Infection Control ; Influenza ; Healthcare Personnel ; Hepatitis ; Medical Students ; Vaccination ; Medicine ; Biology ; Veterinary Medicine ; Pharmacy, Therapeutics, & Pharmacology
    ISSN: 0264-410X
    E-ISSN: 1873-2518
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  • 2
    Language: English
    In: Risk analysis : an official publication of the Society for Risk Analysis, February 2011, Vol.31(2), pp.335-42
    Description: Workers' perceptions with respect to health and safety at work are rarely taken into account when considering the development of prevention programs. The aim of this study was to explore workers' perceptions of chemical risks at the workplace, in order to investigate the prerequisites for a workplace health program. A qualitative study was conducted involving seven focus groups of 5-10 participants (blue-collar workers) each. All groups were homogeneous in terms of sex, work status, language, and company membership. Results showed that several factors have an important influence on workers' perception of chemical risks. Workers assess risks by means of both sensory and empirical diagnosis and are concerned about the long-term health consequences. They perceive the threat of chemical risks as high. Despite this, they are resigned to accepting the risks. Existing formal sources of information are rarely consulted because they are judged to be difficult to understand and not user friendly. Instead, workers tend to obtain information from informal sources. Communication problems with and lack of trust in prevention advisers and hierarchy are frequently mentioned. Workers feel that their specific knowledge of their working conditions and their proposals for practical, cost-effective solutions to improve health and safety at the workplace are insufficiently taken into account. The use of focus groups yielded a useful insight into workers' perceptions of chemical risks. Our findings suggest that training programs for prevention advisers should include topics such as understanding of workers' perceptions, usefulness of a participatory approach, and communication and education skills.
    Keywords: Occupational Exposure ; Risk Assessment
    ISSN: 02724332
    E-ISSN: 1539-6924
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  • 3
    Language: English
    In: Risk analysis, 2011, Vol.31(2), pp.335-342
    Description: Workers' perceptions with respect to health and safety at work are rarely taken into account when considering the development of prevention programs. The aim of this study was to explore workers' perceptions of chemical risks at the workplace, in order to investigate the prerequisites for a workplace health program. A qualitative study was conducted involving seven focus groups of 5-10 participants (blue-collar workers) each. All groups were homogeneous in terms of sex, work status, language, and company membership. Results showed that several factors have an important influence on workers' perception of chemical risks. Workers assess risks by means of both sensory and empirical diagnosis and are concerned about the long-term health consequences. They perceive the threat of chemical risks as high. Despite this, they are resigned to accepting the risks. Existing formal sources of information are rarely consulted because they are judged to be difficult to understand and not user friendly. Instead, workers tend to obtain information from informal sources. Communication problems with and lack of trust in prevention advisers and hierarchy are frequently mentioned. Workers feel that their specific knowledge of their working conditions and their proposals for practical, cost-effective solutions to improve health and safety at the workplace are insufficiently taken into account. The use of focus groups yielded a useful insight into workers' perceptions of chemical risks. Our findings suggest that training programs for prevention advisers should include topics such as understanding of workers' perceptions, usefulness of a participatory approach, and communication and education skills. ; Includes references ; p. 335-342.
    ISSN: 0272-4332
    Source: AGRIS (Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations)
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  • 4
    Language: English
    In: Occupational and Environmental Medicine September 2011, Vol.68(Suppl 1), p.A93
    Description: Silver brazing activities expose workers to metal fumes of which the health effects are not well studied yet. The aim of this study was to assess a number of biochemical parameters (heavy metals, renal markers, and oxidative stress markers) in workers performing brazing with silver alloys.
    ISSN: 1351-0711
    ISSN: 13510711
    E-ISSN: 1470-7926
    E-ISSN: 14707926
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  • 5
    Language: English
    In: Occupational and Environmental Medicine September 2016, Vol.73(Suppl 1), p.A29
    Description: Hepatitis E virus (HEV) infection is endemic in many developing countries, causing substantial morbidity. Transmission is primarily faeco-oral and is associated with both sporadic infections and epidemics in areas without drinkable water. In industrialised countries, HEV infection was thought to occur only in individuals infected in endemic areas. However, sporadic cases have been reported in persons from industrialised regions with no history of recent travel. Such reports and the availability of more comprehensive molecular and serological data have changed HEV epidemiology, accepting that autochthonous HEV is a problem and an endemic disease in industrialised countries. Moreover, a porcine reservoir and growing evidence of zoonotic transmission have been reported in these countries, suggesting the possibility of occupational transmission to man. This review summarises the current knowledge on the epidemiology and prevention of transmission of HEV infection in occupational settings.
    Keywords: Data Processing ; Epidemics ; Handlers ; Infection ; Serological Tests ; Morbidity ; Disease Transmission ; Hepatitis ; Epidemiology ; Reviews ; Risk Factors ; Immunoglobulin G ; Developing Countries ; Occupational Exposure ; Hepatitis ; Travel ; Historical Account ; Health Risks ; Prevention ; Risk Factors ; Viruses ; Drinking Water ; Infection ; Developing Countries ; Morbidity ; Occupational Exposure ; Hepeviridae ; Hepatitis E Virus ; British Isles ; Inw, Japan ; USA ; Asw, South America ; Ane, France ; Inw, Russia ; Occupational Safety and Health ; Reviews, Legislation, Book & Conference Notices ; Human Diseases;
    ISSN: 1351-0711
    ISSN: 13510711
    E-ISSN: 1470-7926
    E-ISSN: 14707926
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  • 6
    Language: English
    In: Occupational and Environmental Medicine, 26 February 2013, Vol.70(2), p.108
    Description: Recent studies suggest adverse health effects after low exposure to cadmium (Cd). Brazing with Cd-containing solder exposes workers to Cd. The purpose of this study was to assess: (1) indicators of Cd exposure in blood (Cd-B)/ urine (Cd-U); (2) the association between Cd-B, Cd-U and renal and oxidative stress biomarkers.
    Keywords: Workplace;
    ISSN: 1351-0711
    ISSN: 13510711
    E-ISSN: 1470-7926
    E-ISSN: 14707926
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  • 7
    Language: English
    In: Archives of public health = Archives belges de sante publique, 12 June 2012, Vol.70(1), pp.13
    Description: Industrial composting is a relatively new and expanding activity. Several studies indicate that compost workers are at risk to develop health symptoms. The aim of this study was to assess the prevalence of work-related health symptoms among compost workers compared with control subjects. A questionnaire was distributed among 62 workers (31 exposed and 31 non-exposed workers). Data were analyzed using simple and multiple logistic regression analyses. Workers exposed to organic dust reported significantly more often respiratory, irritation (e.g., eyes, nose and throat), gastrointestinal, and skin symptoms than the non-exposed group. Moreover, all work-related symptoms were significantly more often reported by exposed than non-exposed workers. After adjustment for smoking status and age, the associations between exposure and respiratory, gastrointestinal, and skin symptoms remained statistically significant, in particular if these symptoms were work-related. This study confirms that workers at compost facilities are at risk to develop occupational health problems, most likely related to organic dust exposure.
    Keywords: Skin ; Health Aspects ; Public Health;
    ISSN: 07787367
    E-ISSN: 2049-3258
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  • 8
    Language: English
    In: Toxicology Letters, 17 June 2012, Vol.211, pp.S37-S37
    Keywords: Pharmacy, Therapeutics, & Pharmacology ; Public Health
    ISSN: 0378-4274
    E-ISSN: 1879-3169
    Source: ScienceDirect Journals (Elsevier)
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  • 9
    In: The European Journal of Public Health, 2008, Vol. 18(6), pp.552-553
    Description: In September 2007, the UN Refugee Agency UNHCR summarized the main asylum application levels and trends during the first six months of the year in 36 industrialized countries, including 26 European Union (EU) Member States. Based on the assumption of unchanged yearly patterns, the total number of new asylum claims lodged in these 36 countries over 2007 is about 300 000. The overall number of claims has decreased continuously over the past few years, but this trend was reversed in the second half of 2006. The current numbers represent the first increase since 2001.1 Asylum seekers are considered a vulnerable group. Many of them leave their country in difficult circumstances and hope to find a new home elsewhere. In many cases they were exposed to poverty, persecution or violence before they left. Their countries of origin are often unstable in economic, political and social respect. The geographical origin of asylum seekers in the mentioned 36 countries is very heterogenous.1 In the first half of 2007, Iraqi applicants remained the largest group, with about 14% of all claims. Iraq was followed by China as the second most important source country, with 6% of the claims. Also Pakistan, Serbia and Montenegro and the Russian Federation belong to the leading countries, each of them with 4–5%. In addition, asylum seekers and other migrants usually cross pronounced interpersonal, socio-economic and cultural boundaries.2 These factors together should be taken into account when planning adequate health screening programmes. Medical reception and screening of asylum seekers upon entry is closely interlinked with fundamental human rights. This medico–ethical complex should reconcile the basic needs and rights of the individuals involved and those of the host country. Psychosocial and psychiatric problems …
    Keywords: Public Health;
    ISSN: 1101-1262
    E-ISSN: 1464-360X
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  • 10
    Language: English
    In: Toxicology Letters, 10 September 2014, Vol.229, pp.S224-S224
    Keywords: Pharmacy, Therapeutics, & Pharmacology ; Public Health
    ISSN: 0378-4274
    E-ISSN: 1879-3169
    Source: ScienceDirect Journals (Elsevier)
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