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  • 1
    Language: English
    In: Environmental Impact Assessment Review, April, 2013, Vol.40, p.82(6)
    Description: To link to full-text access for this article, visit this link: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.eiar.2013.01.004 Byline: Katharina Helming, Katharina Diehl, Davide Geneletti, Hubert Wiggering Keywords: Ex-ante policy impact assessment; Ecosystem services; Science policy interface; DPSIR; EIA; SEA Abstract: The concept of ecosystem services as developed for the Millennium Ecosystem Assessment (MA) is currently the most extensive, international, scientific concept dealing with the interaction between the world's ecosystems and human well-being. The fundamental asset is seen in the relevancy of the concept at the science-policy interface. Albeit, the mainstreaming of ecosystem services into policy making requires a framework that allows the transition of the scientific concept into the rationale of policy making. We hypothesize that the procedure of policy impact assessment is a suitable venue for this transition. This brings up two questions: 1) where in the process of policy impact assessment can ecosystem services be mainstreamed? 2) How can the impact on ecosystem services properly be accounted for? In this paper we distinguish two groups of policy cases: explicit cases directly addressing ecosystem services, and implicit cases of policies that follow other purposes but may have unintended impacts on ecosystem services as a side effect. The second group covers a wide range of policies for which we set out a framework for mainstreaming of ecosystem services. The framework is exemplary designed for the instrument of ex-ante impact assessment at European policy making level. We reveal that the two concepts of the MA and of the European policy impact assessment are indeed compatible, which makes the integration of the ecosystem service concept possible. We conclude that the linkage of the scientifically validated concept of ecosystem services with the policy concept of impact assessment has the potential of improving the credibility of the latter.
    Keywords: Ecosystem Services -- Environmental Aspects ; Ecosystems -- Environmental Aspects
    ISSN: 0195-9255
    Source: Cengage Learning, Inc.
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  • 2
    Language: English
    In: Trends in Cognitive Sciences, April 2014, Vol.18(4), pp.167-170
    Description: We address the puzzle about early belief ascription: young children fail elicited-response false-belief tasks, but they demonstrate spontaneous false-belief understanding. Based on recent converging evidence, we articulate a pragmatic framework to solve this puzzle. Young children do understand the contents of others' false belief, but they are overwhelmed when they must simultaneously make sense of two distinct actions: the instrumental action of a mistaken agent and the experimenter's communicative action.
    Keywords: Computer Science ; Anatomy & Physiology ; Psychology
    ISSN: 1364-6613
    E-ISSN: 1879-307X
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  • 3
    Language: English
    In: Research Policy, February 2013, Vol.42(1), pp.261-272
    Description: ► We develop a framework for interdisciplinary research management. ► The framework allows for planning, monitoring, evaluation and scientific discussion. ► External management functions are key challenges. ► Resources allow context-specific and effective interdisciplinary management. With project-based research becoming a major form of research organisation, coordination and management has become an important task in interdisciplinary research collaborations and a key determinant of their success. Yet little theory-based information is available regarding the decisive determinants of project management success and the functions it needs to fulfil. Based on the assumption that such projects are temporary organisations, we have adapted the Competing Values Framework ( ), taken from the literature on organisation management, making it usable for project managers in interdisciplinary research projects. Via a case study from a European Integrated Project, we have developed four essential management fields, relating them to the existing literature on management of inter- and transdisciplinary research projects. Our resulting Interdisciplinary Research Management Framework makes coordinator functions explicit and plausible, while also being generic, in that specific coordination duties can be attributed to functions relatively independent of project topic. The framework can facilitate the structured planning, conducting and evaluating of management activities for large interdisciplinary projects. It can be a practical tool for project leaders and scientific administrators, but may also help to facilitate further academic discussion on interdisciplinary research management. The production of results dependent on information transfers between project consortia and target arenas (e.g. the science–policy interface) remains a major challenge. In any case, a “re-invention of the wheel” process, in the sense of personal and project-specific learning, still seems to be somewhat necessary for organising context-specific, temporary interdisciplinary research programmes.
    Keywords: Research Management ; Interdisciplinary Projects ; Management Functions ; Impact Assessment ; Sustainability ; Sciences (General) ; Business
    ISSN: 0048-7333
    E-ISSN: 1873-7625
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  • 4
    Language: English
    In: Journal of Environmental Management, Sept, 2013, Vol.127, p.S1-S5
    Description: To link to full-text access for this article, visit this link: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jenvman.2012.12.015 Byline: Christine Furst (a), Katharina Helming (b), Carsten Lorz (c), Felix Muller (d), Peter H. Verburg (e) Abstract: Our paper introduces objectives and ideas of the special issue "Integrated land use and regional resource management - A cross-disciplinary dialogue on future perspectives for a sustainable development of regional resources" and provides an overview on the contributions of the single papers in the special issue to this topic. Furthermore, we discuss and present major challenges and demands on integrated land use and regional resource management and we come up with an analytical framework how to correspond these demands. Author Affiliation: (a) Centre for Development Research, Dept. Ecology and Natural Resources Management, Rheinische Friedrich-Wilhelm University Bonn, Walter Flex Str. 3, 53113 Bonn, Germany (b) Leibniz Centre for Agricultural Landscape Research, Eberswalder Stra[sz]e 84, 15374 Muncheberg, Germany (c) Forest Pedology, Geology and Site Ecology, University of Applied Sciences Weihenstephan-Triesdorf, Woods and Forestry, Hans-Carl-von-Carlowitz-Platz 3, 85354 Freising, Germany (d) Institute for Natural Resource Conservation, Department of Ecosystem Management, Christian-Albrechts-Universitat zu Kiel, Olshausenstr. 75, 24118 Kiel, Germany (e) Institute for Environmental Studies, Dept. Spatial Analysis and Decision Support, VU University Amsterdam, De Boelelaan 1087, 1081 HV Amsterdam, The Netherlands Article History: Received 12 December 2012; Accepted 18 December 2012
    Keywords: Land Use -- Analysis ; Land Use -- Usage ; Sustainable Development -- Analysis ; Sustainable Development -- Usage ; Forest Management -- Analysis ; Forest Management -- Usage ; Land Use Controls -- Analysis ; Land Use Controls -- Usage ; Ecosystems -- Analysis ; Ecosystems -- Usage
    ISSN: 0301-4797
    Source: Cengage Learning, Inc.
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  • 5
    Language: English
    In: Journal of Environmental Management, September 2013, Vol.127, pp.S1-S5
    Description: Our paper introduces objectives and ideas of the special issue “Integrated land use and regional resource management – A cross-disciplinary dialogue on future perspectives for a sustainable development of regional resources” and provides an overview on the contributions of the single papers in the special issue to this topic. Furthermore, we discuss and present major challenges and demands on integrated land use and regional resource management and we come up with an analytical framework how to correspond these demands. ► The special issue presents methods and approaches for integrated land use planning. ► An analytical framework for integrated land use planning is presented. ► Contribution integrated land use planning to regional resource management is shown.
    Keywords: Integrated Land Use ; Regional Resource Management ; Regional Planning ; Analytical Framework for Integrated Planning ; Sustainable Regional Development ; Environmental Sciences ; Economics
    ISSN: 0301-4797
    E-ISSN: 1095-8630
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  • 6
    Language: English
    In: Journal of environmental management, 2013, Vol.127S, pp.S1-S5
    Description: Our paper introduces objectives and ideas of the special issue “Integrated land use and regional resource management – A cross-disciplinary dialogue on future perspectives for a sustainable development of regional resources” and provides an overview on the contributions of the single papers in the special issue to this topic. Furthermore, we discuss and present major challenges and demands on integrated land use and regional resource management and we come up with an analytical framework how to correspond these demands. ; p. S1-S5.
    Keywords: Sustainable Development ; Resource Management ; Land Use
    ISSN: 0301-4797
    Source: AGRIS (Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations)
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  • 7
    Language: English
    In: Environmental Management, 2012, Vol.50(1), pp.153-165
    Description: Environmental threats and progressive degradation of natural resources are considered critical impediments to sustainable development. This paper reports on a participatory impact assessment of alternative soil and water conservation (SWC) scenarios in the Oum Zessar watershed, Tunisia. The first objective was to assess the impact of three SWC scenarios on key social, economic and environmental land use functions. The second objective was to test and evaluate the applicability of the ‘Framework for Participatory Impact Assessment (FoPIA)’ for assessing scenario impacts in the context of a developing country, in this case Tunisia. The assessed scenarios included: the originally planned SWC policy implementation at 85 % coverage of arable land of the watershed, the current implementation (70 %), and a hypothetical expansion of SWC measures to the entire watershed (100 %). Our results suggest that implementation of the SWC policy at 100 % coverage of arable land achieves the maximum socioeconomic benefit. However, if stakeholders’ preferences regarding land use functions are taken into account, and considering the fact that the implementation of SWC measures also implies some negative changes to traditional landscapes and the natural system, SWC implementation at 85 % coverage of arable land might be preferable. The FoPIA approved to be a useful tool for conducting a holistic sustainability impact assessment of SWC scenarios and for studying the most intriguing sustainability problems while providing possible recommendations towards sustainable development. We conclude that participatory impact assessment contributes to an enhanced regional understanding of key linkages between policy effects and sustainable development, which provides the foundation for improved policy decision making.
    Keywords: Sustainability impact assessment ; Scenario study ; FoPIA ; Land management ; Land use functions ; Stakeholder participation
    ISSN: 0364-152X
    E-ISSN: 1432-1009
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  • 8
    Language: English
    In: Journal of Environmental Management, 2012, Vol.50, pp.153-165
    Keywords: Humanities and Social Sciences ; Humanities and Social Sciences ; Environmental Studies ; Soil and Water Conservation Policy ; Oum Zessar Watershed ; Environmental Sciences ; Economics
    ISSN: 0301-4797
    E-ISSN: 1095-8630
    Source: Hyper Article en Ligne (CCSd)
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  • 9
    Language: English
    In: Ecology and Society, 01 March 2011, Vol.16(1), p.50
    Description: Ex ante impact assessment can help in structuring the analysis of human-environment interactions thereby supporting land use decision making for sustainable development. The contributions to this special feature focus on some of the challenges of making land use impact assessment operational for policy making. A total of nine papers deal with the needs and uses of assessment tools for policy making at the European level, with the value-based influence in scenario development, and with ex ante impact assessment studies in different contexts, spatial systems, and for different purposes and user groups. The concept of landscape multifunctionality was implicitly or explicitly employed as an integrating entity between socioeconomic and biogeophysical features of a spatial system. Three major aspects were revealed that could improve the relevance of the policy of land use impact assessment: the involvement of decision makers early on in the design of the impact assessment study; the integration of quantitative analysis with participatory valuation methods; and the robust and transparent design of the analytical methods.
    Keywords: Impact Assessment ; Landscape ; Land Use ; Multifunctionality ; Science-Policy Interface ; Ecology
    ISSN: 1708-3087
    E-ISSN: 1708-3087
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  • 10
    Language: English
    In: Agronomy for Sustainable Development, 2017, Vol.37(6), pp.1-29
    Description: Global trends in demand for biomass-based food, feed, energy, and fiber call for a sustainable intensification of agricultural production. From the perspective of sustaining soil functions, this implies the integration of soil productivity with the other soil functions and services, namely carbon sequestration, water purification and retention, and nutrient and matter cycling as well as biodiversity. Soil management is the key to this integration. The proper anticipation of future opportunities and challenges for sustainable soil management requires an analysis of drivers and trends affecting soil management. Here, we review drivers and trends of soil management and their relevance for soil functions taking Germany as an example of industrialized agricultural systems with low yield gaps. We analyzed socio-economic, biophysical and technological drivers and identified two types of future management changes: (1) Quantitative changes, i.e., more or less of the same input factors, such as fertilizers, as part of a moderate intensification. (2) Qualitative changes: There, we found the strongest signals for the following practices: higher precision and lightweight machines triggered by information and communication technology (ICT) and robotics; diversification of crop rotations, including the integration of lignocellulosic crops; inoculation with biota; and new crop varieties. Positive practices may be reinforced by a behavioral trend towards sustainable soil management, driven by increasing awareness, knowledge, and consumer demand. They offer opportunities for relieving mechanical pressures from weight and contact stress, chemical pressures from pesticides and fertilizers and promoting soil biodiversity without compromising the soil’s production function. We also found threats, such as increased removal of organic residues and potentially harmful organisms. This foresight study is the first to delineate opportunities and challenges for sustainable soil management and intensification. It informs researchers who intend to improve the knowledge base for reinforcement of positive and mitigation of negative trends of soil management.
    Keywords: Foresight ; Soil management ; Sustainable intensification ; Drivers of agronomic trends ; Cropping systems
    ISSN: 1774-0746
    E-ISSN: 1773-0155
    Source: Springer Science & Business Media B.V.
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