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  • 1
    Language: English
    In: Nursing Standard, May 2, 2012, Vol.26(35), p.42(5)
    Description: There are many idiosyncrasies relating to the development and management of type 2 diabetes in the south Asian population. This article highlights the epidemiology of type 2 diabetes and reasons for the high prevalence in this population. Different cultural attitudes and beliefs are considered and, in particular, how these relate to the person's dietary needs. The article concludes with a discussion on the implications of prolonged fasting during Ramadan.
    Keywords: Fasting -- Health Aspects ; Fasting -- Research ; Muslims -- Health Aspects ; Muslims -- Research ; Type 2 Diabetes -- Risk Factors ; Type 2 Diabetes -- Diagnosis ; Type 2 Diabetes -- Care And Treatment ; Type 2 Diabetes -- Demographic Aspects
    ISSN: 0029-6570
    E-ISSN: 20479018
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  • 2
    Language: English
    In: Nursing Standard, August 15, 2012, Vol.26(50), p.50(7)
    Description: The incidence of diabetes is rising rapidly and individuals with the condition often have complex comorbidities, which may increase the need for surgical procedures such as amputation and cardiac, renal and eye surgery. Patients with diabetes undergoing surgery may have specific needs, particularly in relation to blood glucose control, and healthcare professionals need to be able to assess and manage these individuals to ensure optimum surgical outcomes. This article considers the potential effects of anaesthesia and surgery on blood glucose control. Diabetes-related complications, particularly signs and symptoms, and effects of these complications on patient safety during surgery are discussed. Specific pre and post-operative care of patients with type land type 2 diabetes is described, with reference to nil-by-mouth practices, blood glucose control, and post-operative infection and pain.
    Keywords: Diabetes Mellitus -- Care And Treatment ; Diabetes Mellitus -- Patient Outcomes ; Blood Glucose -- Control ; Postoperative Complications -- Care And Treatment ; Nursing -- Practice
    ISSN: 0029-6570
    E-ISSN: 20479018
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  • 3
    Language: English
    In: Organization Studies, December 2011, Vol.32(12), pp.1701-1716
    Description: Strategic change initiatives disrupt established categories of stakeholder understanding and typically present a problem of justifying and legitimizing the change to stakeholders in order to gain their buy-in and support. While it has been suggested that the analogical or metaphorical framing of strategic changes is crucial in that it fosters understanding and creates legitimacy for the change, we set out to specify the conditions and uses of analogical and metaphorical framing in effecting support for strategic changes. Specifically, we argue that (a) analogies are more effective in the context of additive changes, whereas metaphors are more apt for substitutive changes, and that (b) relational analogies and metaphors are generally more effective in securing support for strategic changes, as opposed to analogies or metaphors that highlight common attributes. We also argue that the overall effectiveness of analogies and metaphors in the framing of a change is furthermore dependent on (c) the degree to which these frames are culturally familiar to stakeholders and (d) the extent to which they connect with the prior motivations of stakeholders.
    Keywords: Analogy ; Framing ; Institutionalization ; Metaphor ; Strategic Change ; Strategy ; Social Sciences (General) ; Sociology & Social History ; Business
    ISSN: 0170-8406
    E-ISSN: 1741-3044
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  • 4
    Language: English
    In: Educational Researcher, June 2012, Vol.41(5), pp.147-156
    Description: In this article, we propose a theoretical connection between research on learning and research on teaching through recent research on students’ learning trajectories (LTs). We define learning trajectory based instruction (LTBI) as teaching that uses students’ LTs as the basis for instructional decisions. We use mathematics as the context for our argument, first examining current research on LTs and then examining emerging research on how mathematics teachers use LTs to support their teaching. We consider how LTs provide specificity to four highly used frameworks for examining mathematics teaching, namely mathematical knowledge for teaching, task analysis, discourse facilitation practices, and formative assessment. We contend that by unifying various teaching frameworks around the science of LTs, LTBI begins to define a theory of teaching organized around and grounded in research on student learning. Thus, moving from the accumulation of various frameworks into a reorganization of the frameworks, LTBI provides an integrated explanatory framework for teaching.
    Keywords: Instructional Practices ; Learning Processes/Strategies ; Mathematics Education ; Qualitative Research ; Education
    ISSN: 0013-189X
    E-ISSN: 1935-102X
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  • 5
    In: British Journal of Surgery, August 2013, Vol.100(9), pp.1196-1197
    Keywords: Angioplasty–Statistics & Numerical Data ; Female–Surgery ; Humans–Surgery ; Iliac Artery–Statistics & Numerical Data ; Male–Statistics & Numerical Data ; Peripheral Arterial Disease–Statistics & Numerical Data ; Stents–Statistics & Numerical Data ; Workload–Statistics & Numerical Data;
    ISSN: 0007-1323
    E-ISSN: 1365-2168
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  • 6
    Language: English
    In: BMJ, 11/22/2011, Vol.343(nov22 3), pp.d7542-d7542
    Description: Because only a few high risk surgical patients are admitted to critical care, the evidence base from critically ill patients cannot be readily extrapolated to the wider surgical population. See original article www.bmj.com/content/343/bmj.d5759 . 1 Petros A, Roos D, van Saene H, Taylor N, Rommes H, Silvestri...
    Keywords: Netherlands ; Antibiotics;
    ISSN: 0959-8138
    E-ISSN: 1468-5833
    E-ISSN: 17561833
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  • 7
    Language: English
    In: The Journal of experimental biology, 01 May 2013, Vol.216(Pt 9), pp.1624-9
    Description: Bottlenose dolphins (Tursiops truncatus) produce various communicative sounds that are important for social behavior, maintaining group cohesion and coordinating foraging. For example, whistle production increases during disturbances, such as separations of mother-calf pairs and vessel approaches. It is clear that acoustic communication is important to the survival of these marine mammals, yet the metabolic cost of producing whistles and other socials sounds and the energetic consequences of modifying these sounds in response to both natural and anthropogenic disturbance are unknown. We used flow-through respirometry to determine whether the metabolic cost of sound production could be quantified in two captive dolphins producing social sounds (whistles and squawks). On average, we found that metabolic rates measured during 2 min periods of sound production were 1.2 times resting values. Up to 7 min were required for metabolism to return to resting values following vocal periods. The total metabolic cost (over resting values) of the 2 min vocal period plus the required recovery period (163.3 to 2995.9 ml O2 or 3279.6 to 60,166.7 J) varied by individual as well as by mean duration of sounds produced within the vocal period. Observed variation in received cumulative sound energy levels of vocalizations was not related to total metabolic costs. Furthermore, our empirical findings did not agree with previous theoretical estimates of the metabolic cost of whistles. This study provides the first empirical data on the metabolic cost of sound production in dolphins, which can be used to estimate metabolic costs of vocal responses to environmental perturbations in wild dolphins.
    Keywords: Bottle-Nosed Dolphin -- Metabolism ; Vocalization, Animal -- Physiology
    ISSN: 00220949
    E-ISSN: 1477-9145
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  • 8
    Language: English
    In: Journal of Mathematical Behavior, June 2013, Vol.32(2), pp.103-121
    Description: ► We report findings from two studies examining teachers’ uses of a learning trajectory. ► Learning trajectories assist teachers in creating models of student thinking. ► Learning trajectories support the restructuring of teachers’ own understandings. Recent work by researchers has focused on synthesizing and elaborating knowledge of students’ thinking on particular concepts as core progressions called learning trajectories. Although useful at the level of curriculum development, assessment design, and the articulation of standards, evidence is only beginning to emerge to suggest how learning trajectories can be utilized in teacher education. Our paper reports on two studies investigating practicing and prospective elementary teachers’ uses of a learning trajectory to make sense of students’ thinking about a foundational idea of rational number reasoning. Findings suggest that a mathematics learning trajectory supports teachers in creating models of students’ thinking and in restructuring teachers’ own understandings of mathematics and students’ reasoning.
    Keywords: Learning Trajectories ; Professional Development ; Teacher Education ; Teacher Learning Rational Numbers ; Mathematics
    ISSN: 0732-3123
    E-ISSN: 1873-8028
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  • 9
    Language: English
    In: Osteoporosis International, 2013, Vol.24(3), pp.1135-1136
    Description: Byline: E. R. Smith (1), L. P. McMahon (1), S. G. Holt (1) Author Affiliation: (1) Department of Renal Medicine, Eastern Health Clinical School, Faculty of Medicine, Nursing & Health Sciences, Monash University, Level 2, 5 Arnold Street, Box Hill, 3128, Melbourne, VIC, Australia Article History: Registration Date: 17/05/2012 Received Date: 05/03/2012 Accepted Date: 28/03/2012 Online Date: 09/08/2012
    Keywords: Medicine & Public Health ; Orthopedics ; Gynecology ; Endocrinology ; Rheumatology ; Medicine;
    ISSN: 0937-941X
    E-ISSN: 1433-2965
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  • 10
    Language: English
    In: Osteoporosis International, 2013, Vol.24(6), pp.1933-1934
    Description: Byline: E. R. Smith (1), L. P. McMahon (1), S. G. Holt (1) Author Affiliation: (1) Department of Renal Medicine, Eastern Health Clinical School, Faculty of Medicine, Nursing & Health Sciences, Monash University, Level 2, 5 Arnold Street, Box Hill, Melbourne, 3128, Australia Article History: Registration Date: 01/12/2012 Received Date: 22/10/2012 Accepted Date: 30/11/2012 Online Date: 04/01/2013 Article note: A reply to this comment is available at doi 10.1007/s00198-012-2251-z.
    Keywords: Universities And Colleges;
    ISSN: 0937-941X
    E-ISSN: 1433-2965
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