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  • 1
    Article
    Article
    Language: English
    In: Science (New York, N.Y.), 08 June 2012, Vol.336(6086), pp.1209
    Description: Microorganisms represent the majority of life on earth, populating a wide range of niches on its surface, underground, in the oceans, in the atmosphere, and both on and inside all multicellular organisms. This "microbiome" will clearly play a critical role as humans struggle to deal with society's major challenges--health care, agriculture, energy, and the environment. As one example, the human gut microbiome contributes 36% of the small molecules that are found in human blood, and it also plays a major role in creating susceptibility to certain human diseases. In recent years, a variety of microbial communities have been characterized through such efforts as the Human Microbiome Project and the Earth Microbiome Project. But mapping these trillions upon trillions of microbes and analyzing the vast amounts of data that are accumulating will require new integrative approaches aimed at understanding how microorganisms function and are interrelated. [PUBLICATION ]
    Keywords: Metagenome ; Systems Biology -- Methods
    ISSN: 00368075
    E-ISSN: 1095-9203
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  • 2
    Article
    Article
    Language: English
    In: Science, 8 June 2012, Vol.336(6086), pp.1209-1209
    Keywords: Biological sciences -- Biology -- Microbiology ; Biological sciences -- Biology -- Microbiology ; Biological sciences -- Biology -- Genetics
    ISSN: 00368075
    E-ISSN: 10959203
    Source: Archival Journals (JSTOR)
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  • 3
    Article
    Article
    In: Nature, 2016, Vol.531(7595), p.438
    Description: Essentialism presents a formidable obstacle to accepting - as we must - that all materials can and should be reused or recycled. To realize a circular economy - in which resources are kept in use for as long as possible - the perceived status and value of reused materials must be changed. How? I think the answer requires us to shift from valuing objects on the basis of exclusivity to a valuation that prioritizes historical reuse.
    Keywords: United States–Us ; Materialism ; Consumerism ; Recycled Products ; Recycling ; Consumer Goods;
    ISSN: 0028-0836
    E-ISSN: 14764687
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  • 4
    Article
    Article
    Language: English
    In: Science (New York, N.Y.), 25 September 2015, Vol.349(6255), pp.1459
    ISSN: 00368075
    E-ISSN: 1095-9203
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  • 5
    In: British Journal of Social Work, 2014, Vol. 44(1), pp.27-43
    Description: Complexity is a recurring theme for integrated working in children's services. Models of integration have often taken a functional approach, seeing expert systems as vehicles for an evidence-based response to multiple problems. However, such approaches also seem to be associated with an increasingly technocratic culture in children's services, which may be restricting professional expertise when it is needed the most. This paper explores professional and theoretical perspectives on complexity, building a comprehensive account of the challenges to professional assessment and intervention presented by families with complex needs. Issues round risk management, volatility, uncertainty and conflict are examined in relation to a broad range of literature including complexity theory and group dynamics. Finally, the implications for integrated working are discussed in relation to the difficulties of managing complexity in a way that remains responsive to the needs of vulnerable children.
    Keywords: Integrated Working ; Complexity ; Children'S Services ; Child Protection ; Risk ; Interprofessional Practice
    ISSN: 0045-3102
    E-ISSN: 1468-263X
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  • 6
    Language: English
    In: Environmental health perspectives, June 2010, Vol.118(6), pp.A258
    Description: Scientists have begun to consider an association between chronic psychosocial stress and increased susceptibility to adverse physiologic effects from exposures to air pollution. Although epidemiologic evidence tends to support that hypothesis, it has proven difficult to untangle the complex web of exposure effects, stressors, and mechanisms behind the potential differences in susceptibility. A new laboratory study documents different responses to air pollution in stressed and nonstressed rats, supporting the epidemiologic evidence that chronic stress may alter respiratory responses to air pollution [EHP 118:769–775; Clougherty et al.]. The protocol described in the study may provide a template for future controlled experiments to explore associations between psychosocial and environmental factors.
    Keywords: Disease Susceptibility -- Etiology ; Particulate Matter -- Toxicity ; Respiration Disorders -- Chemically Induced ; Stress, Psychological -- Complications
    ISSN: 00916765
    E-ISSN: 1552-9924
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  • 7
    Language: English
    In: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States, Nov 3, 2015, Vol.112(44), p.13423
    Keywords: Cytologists – Biography
    ISSN: 0027-8424
    Source: Cengage Learning, Inc.
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  • 8
    In: Behavioral and Brain Sciences, 2014, Vol.37(5), pp.492-493
    Description: Abstract Psychological essentialism operates in two realms that have consequences for our attitudes towards groups and individuals. Although essentialism is more familiar in the context of biological group membership, it can also be evoked when considering unique artefacts, especially when they are emotionally significant items.
    Keywords: Open Peer Commentary
    ISSN: 0140-525X
    E-ISSN: 1469-1825
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  • 9
    In: European Journal of Clinical Nutrition, 2013, Vol.67(11), p.1122
    Description: Protein energy malnutrition (PEM) and tuberculosis (TB) are the major public health issues, particularly in the developing country setting. Malnutrition is an underlying cause of many deaths and when left untreated devastates normal physical and cognitive development. TB continues to gather momentum as a serious infectious killer. They have both rightly been highlighted as important global health issues by their inclusion in the Millennium Development Goals. But what is known of their relationship with one another? It is historically accepted that PEM and TB have a synergistic relationship adversely having an impact on one another. However, researchers have sought to apply this understanding in an examination of the relationship between TB and PEM with often inconclusive results. This narrative review of recently published research and current knowledge may help delineate the association between PEM and TB mortality. Such results will assist future research in this important area of health--an area lacking evidence-based guidance. European Journal of Clinical Nutrition (2013) 67, 1122-1128; doi: 10.1038/ejcn.2013.143; published online 14 August 2013 Keywords: protein energy malnutrition (PEM);protein calorie malnutrition; tuberculosis; review
    Keywords: Tuberculosis -- Physiological Aspects ; Energy Metabolism -- Research ; Public Health -- Management;
    ISSN: 0954-3007
    E-ISSN: 14765640
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  • 10
    Language: English
    In: Personality and Individual Differences, 2012, Vol.52(3), pp.401-405
    Description: ► We examine positive traits, pain catastrophizing and pain report. ► Participants completed an experimental pain stimulus, a cold pressor task. ► Associations found between positive traits, pain catastrophizing and pain report. ► Pain catastrophizing mediated the relationship between positive traits and pain. The present study examined the association between positive traits, pain catastrophizing, and pain perceptions. We hypothesized that pain catastrophizing would mediate the relationship between positive traits and pain. First, participants ( = 114) completed the Trait Hope Scale, the Life Orientation Test-Revised, and the Pain Catastrophizing Scale. Participants then completed the experimental pain stimulus, a cold pressor task, by submerging their hand in a circulating water bath (0 °C) for as long as tolerable. Immediately following the task, participants completed the Short-Form McGill Pain Questionnaire (MPQ-SF). Pearson correlation found associations between hope and pain catastrophizing ( = −.41, 〈 .01) and MPQ-SF scores ( = −.20, 〈 .05). Optimism was significantly associated with pain catastrophizing ( = −.44, 〈 .01) and MPQ-SF scores ( = −.19, 〈 .05). Bootstrapping, a non-parametric resampling procedure, tested for mediation and supported our hypothesis that pain catastrophizing mediated the relationship between positive traits and MPQ-SF pain report. To our knowledge, this investigation is the first to establish that the protective link between positive traits and experimental pain operates through lower pain catastrophizing.
    Keywords: Hope ; Optimism ; Pain Catastrophizing ; Pain ; Bootstrapping ; Mediation ; Psychology
    ISSN: 0191-8869
    E-ISSN: 1873-3549
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