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Berlin Brandenburg

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  • 1
    Language: English
    In: Pediatrics, March 2011, Vol.127(3), pp.454-61
    Description: This article describes the impact of a bilingual literacy intervention conducted with nearly 118,000 children in Special Supplemental Nutrition Program for Women, Infants and Children (WIC) sites in Los Angeles County, California. All WIC participants at 6 WIC sites in Los Angeles County participated in the literacy intervention. Three cohorts of participants were selected to participate in the evaluation of the intervention. A control group of 200 families received no intervention, 103 families received 2 years of intervention, and 102 families received 4 years of intervention. Participants were predominantly Hispanic (92%), 3- to 4-year-old children and their parents. All families had low income levels, and more than one-half were Spanish-speaking. School readiness assessments were conducted with the children; parent literacy resources and activities at home were observed. Structural equation modeling was used to allow for simultaneous testing of relationships between variables. The Spanish-speaking subset showed a strong intervention effect. Among Spanish speakers, the 4-year intervention group (P 〈 .001) and the 2-year intervention group (P 〈 .05) had significantly higher school readiness scores, compared with the control group. The structural equation model revealed that exposure to the intervention significantly enhanced literacy resources and activities at home, which in turn led to greater school readiness. WIC-based literacy intervention significantly increased low-income, Spanish-speaking children's school readiness.
    Keywords: Health Status ; Public Assistance ; Child Health Services -- Organization & Administration ; Food Services -- Organization & Administration ; Government Programs -- Methods ; Maternal Health Services -- Organization & Administration
    ISSN: 00314005
    E-ISSN: 1098-4275
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  • 2
    Language: English
    In: The British Journal of Sociology, Jan, 2010, Vol.61, p.71(6)
    Description: To authenticate to the full-text of this article, please visit this link: http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1468-4446.2009.01284.x Byline: Chris Jenks (1) Author Affiliation: (1)Vice Chancellor, Brunel University Article History: (Date accepted: August 2009) Article note: email: chris.jenks@brunel.ac.uk
    ISSN: 0007-1315
    Source: Cengage Learning, Inc.
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  • 3
    Language: English
    In: Journal of Hospital Infection, January 2014, Vol.86(1), pp.24-33
    Description: Although surgical site infections (SSIs) are known to be associated with increased length of stay (LOS) and additional cost, their impact on the profitability of surgical procedures is unknown. To determine the clinical and economic burden of SSI over a two-year period and to predict the financial consequences of their elimination. SSI surveillance and Patient Level Information and Costing System (PLICS) datasets for patients who underwent major surgical procedures at Plymouth Hospitals NHS Trust between April 2010 and March 2012 were consolidated. The main outcome measures were the attributable postoperative length of stay (LOS), cost, and impact on the margin differential (profitability) of SSI. A secondary outcome was the predicted financial consequence of eliminating all SSIs. The median additional LOS attributable to SSI was 10 days [95% confidence interval (CI): 7–13 days] and a total of 4694 bed-days were lost over the two-year period. The median additional cost attributable to SSI was £5,239 (95% CI: 4,622–6,719) and the aggregate extra cost over the study period was £2,491,424. After calculating the opportunity cost of eliminating all SSIs that had occurred in the two-year period, the combined overall predicted financial benefit of doing so would have been only £694,007. For seven surgical categories, the hospital would have been financially worse off if it had successfully eliminated all SSIs. SSI causes significant clinical and economic burden. Nevertheless the current system of reimbursement provided a financial disincentive to their reduction.
    Keywords: Attributable Cost ; Healthcare-Associated Infection ; Length of Stay ; Margin (Profitability) ; Opportunity Cost ; Surgical Site Infection ; Public Health
    ISSN: 0195-6701
    E-ISSN: 1532-2939
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  • 4
    Language: English
    In: British journal of nursing (Mark Allen Publishing), 2015, Vol.24(10), pp.541
    Description: Jenks examines the need to invest in teaching CISC. Clean intermittent self-catheterization (CISC) is a common, established therapy for the management of incomplete or complete retention of urine in patients with bladder dysfunction. It is the gold standard for the management of chronic urinary retention involving a clean technique, with ordinary washing, and the use of disposable or cleaned reusable catheters. CISC has revolutionized the long-term management of conditions such as neurogenic bladder dysfunction, voiding dysfunction from a non-neurological cause and also for post-operative management following certain urological treatments. 10 references
    Keywords: Self Care ; Urinary Catheterization
    ISSN: 0966-0461
    E-ISSN: 20522819
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  • 5
    Language: English
    In: Third World Quarterly, 26 November 2014, Vol.35(10), pp.1809-1828
    Description: This article seeks to accomplish four tasks. It explores the historical relationship between the financing instruments that dominated different phases of the evolution of the UN development system and the understanding of the concept of multilateralism. Bearing in mind this historical context,...
    Keywords: United Nations ; Sustainable Development ; Multilateralism ; Overseas Development Assistance ; Variable Geometry ; Economics
    ISSN: 0143-6597
    E-ISSN: 1360-2241
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  • 6
    In: Journal Of The National Cancer Institute, 2014, Vol. 106(11)
    Keywords: Antineoplastic Combined Chemotherapy Protocols -- Pharmacology ; Carcinoma, Non-Small-Cell Lung -- Drug Therapy ; Erbb Receptors -- Drug Effects ; Lung Neoplasms -- Drug Therapy ; Molecular Targeted Therapy -- Methods;
    ISSN: 0027-8874
    E-ISSN: 1460-2105
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  • 7
    In: Journal of the National Cancer Institute, 2011, Vol. 103(12), pp.914-915
    Keywords: Medicine;
    ISSN: 0027-8874
    E-ISSN: 1460-2105
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  • 8
    Article
    Article
    In: Journal Of The National Cancer Institute, 2015, Vol. 107(5)
    Keywords: Medicine;
    ISSN: 0027-8874
    E-ISSN: 1460-2105
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  • 9
    In: Journal of the National Cancer Institute, 2011, Vol. 103(21), pp.1568-1570
    Description: A decade after gaining approval from the US Food and Drug Administration to treat cancer, the CyberKnife is emerging as a potent tool for killing small, localized tumors with stereotactic radiosurgery, especially in the lungs. Now in progress are the first randomized clinical trials, comparing the CyberKnife with conventional surgery for early lung cancers. Besides its robotic arm, which enables the CyberKnife to deliver bursts of high-close radiation from multiple angles, the radiation device features real tracking to continually adjust or correct for tumor movements during treatment.
    Keywords: Cancer Therapies ; Radiation ; FDA Approval ; Clinical Trials ; Tumors ; Food & Drug Administration–FDA;
    ISSN: 0027-8874
    E-ISSN: 1460-2105
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  • 10
    In: Journal Of The National Cancer Institute, 2014, Vol. 106(6)
    Keywords: Antibodies, Monoclonal–Administration & Dosage ; Antineoplastic Agents–Immunology ; Carcinoma, Small Cell–Therapeutic Use ; Drug Approval–Drug Therapy ; Head and Neck Neoplasms–Drug Therapy ; Humans–Methods ; Immunotherapy–Drug Therapy ; Ipilimumab–Drug Therapy ; Kidney Neoplasms–Drug Therapy ; Lung Neoplasms–Epidemiology ; Melanoma–Genetics ; Molecular Targeted Therapy–Immunology ; Mutation–Pathology ; Neoplasm Staging–Methods ; Nivolumab–Genetics ; Proto-Oncogene Proteins B-Raf–Drug Therapy ; Skin Neoplasms–Epidemiology ; United States–Genetics ; United States Food and Drug Administration–Immunology ; United States Food and Drug Administration–Pathology ; United States Food and Drug Administration–Epidemiology ; Antibodies, Monoclonal ; Antineoplastic Agents ; Ipilimumab ; Nivolumab ; Braf Protein, Human ; Proto-Oncogene Proteins B-Raf;
    ISSN: 0027-8874
    E-ISSN: 1460-2105
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