Geoderma, Dec, 2014, Vol.235-236, p.127(6)
To link to full-text access for this article, visit this link: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.geoderma.2014.07.003 Byline: Dorit Julich, Stefan Gath Abstract: Metallic nanoparticles have special physical and chemical properties which determine a particular behavior in environmental systems and organisms. While several studies investigated the differences in the toxicity of metallic nanoparticles compared to their ionic forms or salts, there is little knowledge about processes in complex environmental media. For instance, the sorption processes in soils crucially influence accumulation, transport and/or release into other media (water, biota, etc.). Our study assessed the sorptivity of copper oxide nanoparticles (CuO-NPs) in comparison to copper ions (Cu.sup.2+) in batch experiments. The results showed significant differences in the solid to liquid distribution at equilibrium and indicated much stronger sorption of CuO-NPs at soil components compared to Cu.sup.2+. The sorption isotherms of both variants were fitted to the Freundlich equation showing clear differences of the Freundlich parameters K.sub.F and n. The values for Cu.sup.2+ sorption were in the range of agricultural soils in Germany (log K.sub.F : 2.6-4.1, n: 0.9-1.6). On the contrary the isotherms for the CuO-NP experiments were strongly shifted to the solid phase (log K.sub.F : 4.0-9.0, n: 1.3-3.7). Both Cu.sup.2+ and CuO-NP sorptions (expressed as log K.sub.F) were significantly correlated (P〈0.05) to pH, carbonates, soil organic carbon and amorphous Fe in the soils. However, a larger data set is needed to generate reliable statistical results. Further, more research is required to identify reasons for the detected differences in sorption behavior between nanoparticulate copper and copper ions. Article History: Received 6 September 2013; Revised 23 June 2014; Accepted 6 July 2014
Nanoparticles -- Chemical Properties ; Nanoparticles -- Comparative Analysis ; Copper Oxides -- Chemical Properties ; Copper Oxides -- Comparative Analysis ; Soils -- Chemical Properties ; Soils -- Comparative Analysis ; Soil Carbon -- Chemical Properties ; Soil Carbon -- Comparative Analysis
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