Journal of Vascular Surgery, September 2015, Vol.62(3), pp.594-599
In thoracoabdominal aortic aneurysms (TAAAs), a paradigm shift is observed from open surgery toward total endovascular aortic repair using fenestrated and branched endografts. Whereas outcome after open replacement in terms of mortality and paraplegia has been evaluated extensively, no studies exist addressing long-term patency of visceral and renal vessels. To enable comparison of target vessel patency between open and endovascular treatment, we analyzed our series of open TAAA replacements. Our vascular surgery database was screened for patients who received open TAAA replacement between 1998 and 2012, and patient records were analyzed retrospectively. All available imaging scans (computed tomography and magnetic resonance angiography: preoperative, postoperative, and follow-up) were evaluated for graft and vessel patency. We identified 62 patients (mean age, 66 ± 10 years; 40 men) who had been operated on for aneurysms of Crawford types I (8), II (13), III (13), and IV (24) and Safi type V (4). A total of 181 vessels were revascularized by either patch inclusion (n = 147) or selective revascularization (bypass or transposition, n = 34); 48 survived the procedure, resulting in a number of vessels available for follow-up of 154 (patch, 126; selective revascularization, 28). The respective patency rates for overall, patch, and selective revascularization were 95.2%, 94.2%, and 100% at 5 years and 83.7%, 81.3%, and 100% at 10 years, respectively. In addition, a trend for better performance of selective revascularization (bypass or transposition) was evident as all vessel occlusions were observed in cases of patch inclusion, whereas all selectively revascularized vessels were patent. The respective patency rates for the celiac trunk, superior mesenteric artery, and left and right renal artery were 100%, 97.5%, 92.3%, and 90.3% at 5 years. In our series of open thoracoabdominal aortic replacement, excellent patency rates for revascularized renal and visceral vessels were observed during long-term follow-up. We were able to provide a reference value of long-term target vessel patency that can and should be taken into account to judge the efficacy of endovascular repair in TAAA.
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