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Berlin Brandenburg

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  • 1
    Language: English
    In: Journal of Cancer Research and Clinical Oncology, 1989, Vol.115(3), pp.269-275
    Description: A neuroblastoma cell line was established from bone marrow of a patient in stage IV of the disease and used as a model system in order to elaborate experimental data of importance in neuroblastoma therapy, such as cell-drug interactions, the mode of uptake and conditions for storage and release m -Iodo benzylguanidine (MIBG) is rapidly taken up from culture medium, giving high concentrations of cell-bound radioactivity reaching a maximum level 4 h after the addition of the compound. A removal of the radiopharmacon from the culture medium causes a dramatic loss of cell-associated radioactivity, suggesting that neuroblastoma cells are not able to retain MIBG in a drug-free environment. Replacement of labelled by unlabelled MIBG prevents a similar release and maintains high levels of cellular radioactivity. Variations of cell culture conditions only result in minor changes of uptake rates, whereas a pretreatment with drugs used in neuroblastoma chemotherapy harms the cells extensively: even after a short-term exposure the cells lose the capacity for MIGB uptake and fail to recover within a long period of incubation in growth medium. The importance of our results is discussed, leading to the following suggestions:
    Keywords: Uptake studies ; radiopharmacon ; tumor therapy
    ISSN: 0171-5216
    E-ISSN: 1432-1335
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  • 2
    In: Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences, September 1997, Vol.824(1), pp.65-70
    ISSN: 0077-8923
    E-ISSN: 1749-6632
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  • 3
    Language: English
    In: International Journal of Cancer, 01/03/1996, Vol.65(1), pp.90-96
    Description: Human neuroblastoma cell line UKF-NB-4 persistently infected with human cytomegalovirus (HCMV) strain AD169 was established to study the effects of long-term HCMV infection on virus production and phenotypic characteristics of tumour cells. The cells designated UKF-NB-4 super(AD169) were subcultured (80 subcultures) over a period of more than 2 years after initiation of infection. UKF-NB-4 super(AD169) cells continued to produce infectious virus in successive passages, with a titre ranging from 9 x 10 super(3) to 1 x 10 super(5) and from 2 x 10 super(1) to 2 x 10 super(2) plaque-forming units per 10 super(6) cells and 1 ml culture medium, respectively; 10-20% of the cells produced HCMV-specific antigens, while 6-13% produced infectious virus progeny. The number of HCMV-specific DNA copies ranged from 9 x 10 super(4) to 9 x 10 super(6) per 10 super(6) cells. Transmission electron microscopy confirmed the productive nature of HCMV infection. UKF-NB-4 super(AD169) cultures proliferated, with population doubling time ranging from 24.5 to 26.6 hr (19.5 to 20.3 hr for UKF-NB-4) and cell viability from 79% to 85% (91-96% for UKF-NB-4). Significantly lower amounts of tyrosine hydroxylase and decreased activity for dopamine- beta -hydroxylase than in uninfected cells were observed in UKF-NB-4 super(AD169) cells. However, the expression of N-myc oncoprotein was significantly increased in persistently infected cultures. Our results show that long-term productive HCMV infection of UKF-NB-4 cell line is associated with the modulation of phenotypic properties, which may be related to the biological behaviour of neuroblastoma cells.
    Keywords: Cytomegalovirus ; Cytomegalovirus ; Neuroblastoma Cells ; Man ; Tumor Cells ; Phenotyping ; Neuroblastoma Cells ; Man ; Tumor Cells ; Phenotyping ; Neurovirology ; Virus Behavior in Cell Culture ; Tyrosine 3-Monooxygenase ; Dopamine Beta -Monooxygenase ; N-Myc Protein ; Tyrosine 3-Monooxygenase ; Dopamine Beta -Monooxygenase ; N-Myc Protein ; N-Myc Protein ; Dopamine Beta -Monooxygenase ; Tyrosine 3-Monooxygenase;
    ISSN: 00207136
    E-ISSN: 10970215
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  • 4
    In: AIDS, 1999, Vol.13(13), pp.1653-1658
    Description: OBJECTIVE:: In an intent-to-treat study increase in CD4 cell count, reduction of viral load, clinical benefit and adverse reactions were examined in HIV-infected previously treatment-naive children taking triple therapy. METHODS: : sixteen HIV-infected children in category A or B on antiretroviral triple therapy were followed-up for a period of 12 months. In group I eight patients received zidovudine, lamivudine and nelfinavir; in group II eight patients received stavudine, didanosine and nelfinavir. Viral load and CD4 cell count were measured every 4-8 weeks. Plasma nelfinavir levels were assessed once in all patients at baseline and monitored in patients with increasing viral load. RESULTS: : No significant differences were observed between treatment groups in terms of CD4 cell counts and viral load. A median viral load reduction of 2.8 log10 (range, 1.4-4.2 log10) was achieved over a period of 12 months in both groups. Viral load 〈 500 copies/ml was found in 69% of patients and viral load 〈 50 copies/ml in 44% of patients after 12 months. Median CD4 cell count increased from 656 × 106 to 850 × 106 cells/l after 3 months and was maintained at 813 × 106 cells/l after 12 months of treatment. Main side-effects were diarrhoea, rash and hyperlipidaemia. Except for application problems, both regimens were well tolerated. Appropriate formula and individual counselling must be performed during the first weeks of treatment in order to achieve good compliance in paediatric patients. CONCLUSION: : Triple antiretroviral therapy shows a stronger and more sustained reduction of viral load in HIV-infected children compared with studies combining two nucleoside analogues.
    Keywords: Human Immunodeficiency Virus 1 ; Children ; Hyperlipidemia ; Zidovudine ; Antiviral Agents ; Didanosine ; Diarrhea ; AIDS: Clinical Aspects ; Cd4 Antigen ; HIV-1 ; Lamivudine ; Nelfinavir ; Stavudine ; Cd4 Antigen ; HIV-1 ; Lamivudine ; Nelfinavir ; Stavudine;
    ISSN: 0269-9370
    E-ISSN: 14735571
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  • 5
    In: Transfusion, 12 November 1995, Vol.35(11), pp.969-970
    ISSN: 0041-1132
    E-ISSN: 1537-2995
    Source: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
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  • 6
    Language: English
    In: Intervirology, 1996, Vol.39(4), pp.259-269
    Description: Although there is no definitive evidence of the association of human cytomegalovirus (HCMV) infection with human cancers, the oncogenic potential of HCMV has been well established by in vitro studies demonstrating the ability of UV-irradiated or infectious virus to transform a variety of cells. After prolonged passaging the transformed cell type was maintained while HCMV DNA sequences were no more detectable. Three morphological transforming regions (mtr) of HCMV have been identified. The effects of HCMV on cellular functions which may be associated with the malignant phenotype include the expression of oncogenes and transcriptional activation of growth factors and interleukin synthesis. In infected cells, HCMV induces cytoskeletal alterations and changes in expression of cell surface receptors for extracellular matrix proteins which could result in increased motility and dissemination of cancer cells. Several human neuroblastoma cell lines undergo maturation in different neural crest derived cell types upon treatment with oncogenic potential agents, i. e. retinoic acid. The persistent HCMV infection of neuroblastoma cells (〉1 year) is accompanied by the increased expression of oncoproteins (i.e. N-myc) and decreased expression of tyrosine hydroxylase and dopamine-β-hydroxylase. The activation of the cellular metabolism is due to HCMV binding to cellular receptors (prior to virus gene expression) and to the activity of HCMV immediate early (IE) gene products. IE proteins act directly as transcriptional activators or their activity is mediated by a variety of cellular transcription factors. HCMV infection may result in activation of promoters of cellular genes coding for cytokines, replication enzymes, protooncogenes and viral promoters. Recently it has been demonstrated that HCMV IE proteins block apoptosis probably by suppressing the ability of the antioncogene p53 to activate a reporter gene. The interactions of HCMV with tumor suppressor proteins such as p53 or retinoblastoma (pRb) susceptibility protein are reminiscent of those mediated by the oncoproteins of DNA tumor viruses. The acquisition of a fully malignant phenotype by normal cells is thought to require several mutations in a number of cellular genes. In this connection, HCMV may play the role of a nonobligate either direct or indirect cofactor for tumor genesis, e.g. by blocking apoptosis, which may be an essential requirement for tumor progression. Due to the stimulation of growth factors and/or inhibition of antioncogenes by its gene products, HCMV may modulate the malignant potential of tumor cells.
    Keywords: Original Paper ; Cytomegalovirus, Human ; Neuroblastoma ; Oncogenic Potential ; Differentiation ; Biology
    ISSN: 0300-5526
    E-ISSN: 1423-0100
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  • 7
    Language: English
    In: Pediatric Hematology and Oncology, 01 January 1997, Vol.14(1), pp.29-41
    Description: The diagnostic value of immunophenotyping (IP) as a first-line diagnostic method in diseases that infiltrate the childhood bone marrow (BM) or mimic infiltrated BM was examined. Two hundred and fifty unselected BM samples from 250 children suspected...
    Keywords: Bone Marrow ; Differential Diagnosis ; Immunophenotyping ; Malignant Infiltration ; Medicine
    ISSN: 0888-0018
    E-ISSN: 1521-0669
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  • 8
    Language: English
    In: Acta Haematologica, October 1999, Vol.102(2), pp.72-76
    Description: The expression of the Wilms’ tumor gene (wt1) was detected in various tissues during embryonic development. Mutations in the wt1 gene probably play an important role in certain tumors, e.g. the Wilms’ tumor. Furthermore the expression of wt1 gene was found in some human leukemias. In the present study we investigated the expression of wt1 gene in several types of childhood leukemia by reverse transcriptase-polymerase chain reaction. Bone marrow or peripheral blood of 61 pediatric patients (48 at initial diagnosis, 13 at first or second relapse) were analyzed. wt1 gene expression was detected in 35/48 patients (73%) with newly diagnosed leukemias and in 12/13 cases (92%) who had suffered from relapse. The expression levels were higher for AML than for ALL. The frequency of wt1 expression in different subtypes of acute leukemia was compared with results found in adult patients. Our results show that the frequency of wt1 gene expression in acute childhood leukemias is similar to previous data reported for adults.
    Keywords: Original Paper ; Acute Leukemia ; Reverse Transcriptase-Polymerase Chain Reaction ; Wt1 Gene ; Medicine ; Anatomy & Physiology
    ISSN: 0001-5792
    E-ISSN: 1421-9662
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  • 9
    In: Vox Sanguinis, 1999, Vol.77(Suppl. 1), pp.3-8
    Description: Abstract Sorry, there is no abstract. Read the first few lines of the text instead! The development of neutralising antibodies against factor VIII (FVIII) or factor IX (FVIX) is one of the most serious complications in the treatment of haemophiliacs. The reported frequency of inhibitor development ranges widely and is affected by several variables in study design and study population. Five former studies and six recent previously treated patient (PUP) studies were analysed and compared. In all studies the patients received one virus inactivated plasma derived clotting factor concentrate. Former studies mostly considered the prevalence of inhibitor development, thus underestimating its true risk. Prevalence ranged between 7 and 18% [3, 4, 7, 9, 10].
    ISSN: 00429007
    E-ISSN: 14230410
    Source: S. Karger AG (Via CrossRef)
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  • 10
    Language: English
    In: Cell Communication & Adhesion, 01 January 2002, Vol.9(3), pp.131-147
    Description: The precise function of cell adhesion molecules in the hematogenous phase of neuroblastoma metastasis is poorly understood. The aim of this study was to investigate whether neural cell adhesion molecule (NCAM) modulates neuroblastoma cell (NB) adhesion and transendothelial penetration in a...
    Keywords: Ncam ; Neuroblastoma ; Adhesion ; Biology
    ISSN: 1541-9061
    E-ISSN: 1543-5180
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