Microbial Ecology, 2015, Vol.69(4), pp.867-878
Soil microbial community responses to elevated atmospheric CO 2 concentrations (eCO 2 ) occur mainly indirectly via CO 2 -induced plant growth stimulation leading to quantitative as well as qualitative changes in rhizodeposition and plant litter. In order to gain insight into short-term, site-specific effects of eCO 2 on the microbial community structure at the plant-soil interface, young beech trees ( Fagus sylvatica L.) from two opposing mountainous slopes with contrasting climatic conditions were incubated under ambient (360 ppm) CO 2 concentrations in a greenhouse. One week before harvest, half of the trees were incubated for 2 days under eCO 2 (1,100 ppm) conditions. Shifts in the microbial community structure in the adhering soil as well as in the root rhizosphere complex (RRC) were investigated via TRFLP and 454 pyrosequencing based on 16S ribosomal RNA (rRNA) genes. Multivariate analysis of the community profiles showed clear changes of microbial community structure between plants grown under ambient and elevated CO 2 mainly in RRC. Both TRFLP and 454 pyrosequencing showed a significant decrease in the microbial diversity and evenness as a response of CO 2 enrichment. While Alphaproteobacteria dominated by Rhizobiales decreased at eCO 2 , Betaproteobacteria , mainly Burkholderiales , remained unaffected. In contrast, Gammaproteobacteria and Deltaproteobacteria, predominated by Pseudomonadales and Myxococcales , respectively, increased at eCO 2 . Members of the order Actinomycetales increased, whereas within the phylum Acidobacteria subgroup Gp1 decreased, and the subgroups Gp4 and Gp6 increased under atmospheric CO 2 enrichment. Moreover, Planctomycetes and Firmicutes , mainly members of Bacilli , increased under eCO 2 . Overall, the effect intensity of eCO 2 on soil microbial communities was dependent on the distance to the roots. This effect was consistent for all trees under investigation; a site-specific effect of eCO 2 in response to the origin of the trees was not observed.
Rhizosphere ; Beech ; Bacterial communities ; CO
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