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  • 1
    Language: English
    In: Social science & medicine (1982), May 2011, Vol.72(9), pp.1507-14
    Description: This study confronts a gender bias in research on adolescent pregnancy by exploring adolescent men's decisions relating to a hypothetical unplanned pregnancy. A cross-sectional survey was conducted with adolescent men (N = 360) aged between 14 and 18 years attending schools in the Republic of Ireland. The study, the first of its kind in Europe, extends the small body of evidence on adolescent men and pregnancy decision-making by developing and examining reactions to an interactive video drama used in a comparable study in Australia. In addition, we tested a more comprehensive range of sociological and psychological determinants of adolescent men's decisions regarding an unplanned pregnancy. Results showed that adolescent men were more likely to choose to keep the baby in preference to abortion or adoption. Adolescent men's choice to continue the pregnancy (keep or adopt) in preference to abortion was significantly associated with anticipated feelings of regret in relation to abortion, perceived positive attitudes of own mother to keeping the baby and a feeling that a part of them might want a baby. Religiosity was also shown to underlie adolescent men's views on the perceived consequences of an abortion in their lives.
    Keywords: Attitude ; Decision Making ; Drama ; Pregnancy, Unplanned
    ISSN: 02779536
    E-ISSN: 1873-5347
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  • 2
    Language: English
    In: Renewable Energy, 2012, Vol.39(1), pp.24-29
    Description: Jammu and Kashmir the northern most state of India is blessed with immense potential for utilization of renewable energy. The state at present is fairly untapped in terms of energy utilization and thus venturing into this region would definitely prove to be profitable. The natural energy sources like sunshine, wind, vegetation, water flow, biomass and other biological wastes though abundantly available in the state yet are not being potentially harnessed resulting in very low per capita energy availability, deforestation and poor health. Renewable energy acquires a promising option not only for energy availability next view and of environment protection but also the socio-economic conditions of the people residing in these areas can be improved to a great extent. The hydroelectric power has tremendous potential for generation of electricity in the state because the topography of the state provides extensive network of canals and streams. This paper describes the resource potential and opportunity to enter the market and bring more renewable energy projects in the form of solar, biomass derived fuels, biogas and hydroelectric in the state. ► We assess the status of renewable energy resources in J&K state of India. ► The state seems a wide gap in the demand and supply of energy. ► The action plans of renewable energy application have been discussed. ► This information will increase the opportunity to bring more renewable energy projects in the state.
    Keywords: Renewable Energy ; Solar ; Biogas ; Hydroelectric Power ; Jammu and Kashmir ; Engineering
    ISSN: 0960-1481
    E-ISSN: 1879-0682
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  • 3
    Language: English
    In: Journal of Adolescent Health, Oct, 2010, Vol.47(4), p.327(19)
    Description: To link to full-text access for this article, visit this link: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jadohealth.2010.05.005 Byline: Maria Lohan (a), Sharon Cruise (a), Peter O'Halloran (a), Fiona Alderdice (a), Abbey Hyde (b) Abstract: This review article reveals a long-standing gender bias in academic and policy research on adolescent pregnancy, which has led to the neglect of adolescent men's perspectives. The review summarizes the available literature on adolescent men's attitudes in relation to pregnancy occurrence and pregnancy outcomes in the context of addressing three questions: (1) What are adolescent men's attitudes to an adolescent pregnancy? (2) What are adolescent men's attitudes in relation to pregnancy outcomes? (3) What explanations are offered for the identified attitudes to adolescent pregnancy and resolution? The review establishes a foundation for future quantitative and qualitative research on adolescent men's perspectives. It emphasizes that a greater understanding of adolescent men's perspectives could lead to a re-framing of adolescent pregnancy away from being seen solely as a woman's issue. Furthermore, it is argued that the inclusion of adolescent men would lead to more effective adolescent pregnancy prevention and counseling programmes. Author Affiliation: (a) School of Nursing and Midwifery, Queen's University Belfast, Belfast, United Kingdom (b) School of Nursing, Midwifery, and Health Systems, University College Dublin, Dublin, Ireland Article History: Received 8 January 2010; Accepted 8 May 2010
    Keywords: Teenage Pregnancy ; Sex Discrimination ; Pregnant Women
    ISSN: 1054-139X
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  • 4
    Language: English
    In: Social Science & Medicine, 2007, Vol.65(3), pp.493-504
    Description: For researchers interested in understanding men's health, there are two main literatures to harvest. The first is research on men's health arising from the study of men and masculinities. The second is the broader study of inequalities in health, including gender inequalities in health. However, these literatures have remained distinct. This paper seeks to develop a model of understanding men's health from both of these literatures. In order to achieve this integration, this paper argues that studies of men's health should be based on ‘critical studies on men’ which emerges from feminist theory. Critical studies on men's health is then integrated into the broader explanatory options identified in the health inequality literature in order to provide a more fulsome account of variance within men's health and between the health status of men and women. Given the amenability of men's health issues to interrogation within this resulting framework, it is argued that the inequalities literature should start to include men's health issues in its work.
    Keywords: Men'S Health ; Gender ; Inequalities in Health ; Critical Studies on Men ; Medicine ; Social Sciences (General) ; Public Health
    ISSN: 0277-9536
    E-ISSN: 1873-5347
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  • 5
    Language: English
    In: Marine Biology, 2014, Vol.161(2), pp.261-273
    Description: Hematodinium perezi (genotype III) is a parasitic dinoflagellate that infects blue crabs along the eastern seaboard and Gulf of Mexico, USA. In order to examine the intra-specific genetic variation of this parasite, eleven microsatellite markers from H. perezi (III) were amplified from 227 infected blue crabs collected during 2008–2009 from six sites in Virginia. Simultaneous infections with multiple genetic types in a single-host individual were common and observed in 42 % of the samples. The remaining 58 % of samples had a single allele per locus at all eight polymorphic loci suggesting that the life history stages of the parasite in the host hemolymph are likely haploid. The composition and distribution of multi-locus genotypes (MLG) from samples with infections of a single genetic type indicated high genotypic variation along the Delmarva Peninsula, Virginia, with no evidence of population structure. The lack of linkage disequilibrium combined with the large number of unique MLGs (84 %) is strong evidence for recombination in the life cycle, but the sexual stages remain undetermined. This is the first evidence of ploidy level, infections by multiple genetic types in an individual host animal, high levels of genotypic variation, and sexual reproduction for any species of Hematodinium .
    Keywords: Linkage Disequilibrium ; Parasites ; Microsatellite Repeats ; Developmental Stages ; Loci ; Dinophyceae ; Genotype ; Hemolymph ; Population Structure ; Genetic Variation ; Sexual Reproduction ; Haploidy ; Crabs;
    ISSN: 0025-3162
    E-ISSN: 1432-1793
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  • 6
    Language: English
    In: Positioning, Feb, 2011, Vol.2(1), p.14(8)
    Description: Galileo is the Global Navigation Satellite System that Europe is building and it is planned to be operational in the next 3-5 years. Several Galileo signals use split-spectrum modulations, such as Composite Binary Offset Carrier (CBOC) modulation, which create correlation ambiguities when processed with large or infinite front-end bandwidths (i.e., in wideband receivers). The correlation ambiguities refer to the notches in the correlation shape (i.e., in the envelope of the correlation between incoming signal and reference modulated code) which happen within +/- 1 chip from the main peak. These correlation ambiguities affect adversely the detection probabilities in the code acquisition process and are usually dealt with by using some form of unambiguous processing (e.g., BPSK-like techniques, sideband processing, etc.). In some applications, such as mass-market applications, a narrowband Galileo receiver (i.e., with considerable front-end bandwidth limitation) is likely to be employed. The question addressed in this paper, which has not been answered before, is whether or not this bandwidth limitation can cope inherently with the ambiguities of the correlation function, to which extent, and which the best design options are in the acquisition process (e.g., in terms of time-bin step and ambiguity mitigation mechanisms). Keywords: Binary Offset Carrier (BOC), Composite Binary Offset Carrier (CBOC), Galileo, Global Navigation Satellite Systems (GNSS), Narrowband GNSS Receiver, Unambiguous Acquisition
    Keywords: Telecommunications Equipment
    ISSN: 2150-850X
    Source: Cengage Learning, Inc.
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  • 7
    Language: English
    In: Social Science & Medicine, September 2012, Vol.75(6), pp.1106-1113
    Description: More fathers than ever before attend at the birth of their child and, internationally, there is a palpable pressure on maternity and neonatal services to include and engage with fathers. It is, thus, more important than ever to understand how fathers experience reproductive and neonatal health services and to understand how fathers can be successfully accommodated in these environments alongside their partners. In this paper we advance a theoretical framework for re-thinking fatherhood and health services approaches to fatherhood based on Critical Studies on Men (CSM). We illustrate the importance of this feminist informed theoretical approach to understanding the gendered experiences of fathers in a Neonatal Intensive Care Unit (NICU) setting in Northern Ireland. Using a longitudinal follow-up research design, with two data collection points, a total of 39 in-depth semi-structured interviews was conducted with 21 fathers of infants admitted to the NICU between August 2008 and December 2009. The findings demonstrate: (i) how men are forging new gendered identities around the birth of their baby but, over time, acknowledge women as the primary caregivers; (ii) how social class is a key determinant of men’s ability to enact hegemonic forms of ‘involved fatherhood’ in the NICU, and; (iii) how men also encounter resistance from their partners and health professionals in challenging a gender order which associates women with the competent care of infants. An understanding of these gendered experiences operating at both individual and structural levels is critical to leading change for the inclusion of fathers as equal parents in healthcare settings.
    Keywords: Northern Ireland ; Fathers ; Gender ; Parenting ; Men ; Masculinities ; Neonatal Services ; Social Class ; Medicine ; Social Sciences (General) ; Public Health
    ISSN: 0277-9536
    E-ISSN: 1873-5347
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  • 8
    Language: English
    In: Social Science & Medicine, Sept, 2012, Vol.75(6), p.1106(8)
    Description: To link to full-text access for this article, visit this link: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.socscimed.2012.04.018 Byline: Kathleen Deeney (a), Maria Lohan (b), Dale Spence (c), Jackie Parkes (d) Abstract: More fathers than ever before attend at the birth of their child and, internationally, there is a palpable pressure on maternity and neonatal services to include and engage with fathers. It is, thus, more important than ever to understand how fathers experience reproductive and neonatal health services and to understand how fathers can be successfully accommodated in these environments alongside their partners. In this paper we advance a theoretical framework for re-thinking fatherhood and health services approaches to fatherhood based on Critical Studies on Men (CSM). We illustrate the importance of this feminist informed theoretical approach to understanding the gendered experiences of fathers in a Neonatal Intensive Care Unit (NICU) setting in Northern Ireland. Using a longitudinal follow-up research design, with two data collection points, a total of 39 in-depth semi-structured interviews was conducted with 21 fathers of infants admitted to the NICU between August 2008 and December 2009. The findings demonstrate: (i) how men are forging new gendered identities around the birth of their baby but, over time, acknowledge women as the primary caregivers; (ii) how social class is a key determinant of men's ability to enact hegemonic forms of 'involved fatherhood' in the NICU, and; (iii) how men also encounter resistance from their partners and health professionals in challenging a gender order which associates women with the competent care of infants. An understanding of these gendered experiences operating at both individual and structural levels is critical to leading change for the inclusion of fathers as equal parents in healthcare settings. Author Affiliation: (a) Paediatric Critical Care Unit, The Sheffield Children's Hospital, Western Bank, Sheffield S10 2TH, UK (b) School of Nursing & Midwifery, Queen's University of Belfast, Medical Biology Centre, Room 5/308, 97 Lisburn Road, Belfast, Northern Ireland BT9 7BL, UK (c) School of Nursing & Midwifery, Queen's University Belfast, Medical Biology Centre, Room 5/312, 97 Lisburn Road, Belfast, Northern Ireland BT9 7BL, UK (d) NI Cerebral Palsy Register, School of Nursing & Midwifery, Queen's University Belfast, Medical Biology Centre, Room 5/323, 97 Lisburn Road, Belfast, Northern Ireland BT9 7BL, UK
    Keywords: Newborn Infants -- Analysis ; Newborn Infants -- Social Aspects ; Fatherhood -- Analysis ; Fatherhood -- Social Aspects
    ISSN: 0277-9536
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  • 9
    Language: English
    In: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, 14 August 2012, Vol.109(33), pp.13452-7
    Description: How different organs are formed from small sets of undifferentiated precursor cells is a key question in developmental biology. To understand the molecular mechanisms underlying organ specification in plants, we studied the function of the homeotic selector genes APETALA3 (AP3) and PISTILLATA (PI), which control the formation of petals and stamens during Arabidopsis flower development. To this end, we characterized the activities of the transcription factors that AP3 and PI encode throughout flower development by using perturbation assays as well as transcript profiling and genomewide localization studies, in combination with a floral induction system that allows a stage-specific analysis of flower development by genomic technologies. We discovered considerable spatial and temporal differences in the requirement for AP3/PI activity during flower formation and show that they control different sets of genes at distinct phases of flower development. The genomewide identification of target genes revealed that AP3/PI act as bifunctional transcription factors: they activate genes involved in the control of numerous developmental processes required for organogenesis and repress key regulators of carpel formation. Our results imply considerable changes in the composition and topology of the gene network controlled by AP3/PI during the course of flower development. We discuss our results in light of a model for the mechanism underlying sex-determination in seed plants, in which AP3/PI orthologues might act as a switch between the activation of male and the repression of female development.
    Keywords: Arabidopsis -- Genetics ; Arabidopsis Proteins -- Metabolism ; Body Patterning -- Genetics ; Flowers -- Genetics ; Mads Domain Proteins -- Metabolism
    ISSN: 00278424
    E-ISSN: 1091-6490
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  • 10
    Language: English
    In: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, 28 January 2014, Vol.111(4), pp.1438-42
    Description: Inorganic nitrogen depletion restricts productivity in much of the low-latitude oceans, generating a selective advantage for diazotrophic organisms capable of fixing atmospheric dinitrogen (N2). However, the abundance and activity of diazotrophs can in turn be controlled by the availability of other potentially limiting nutrients, including phosphorus (P) and iron (Fe). Here we present high-resolution data (∼0.3°) for dissolved iron, aluminum, and inorganic phosphorus that confirm the existence of a sharp north-south biogeochemical boundary in the surface nutrient concentrations of the (sub)tropical Atlantic Ocean. Combining satellite-based precipitation data with results from a previous study, we here demonstrate that wet deposition in the region of the intertropical convergence zone acts as the major dissolved iron source to surface waters. Moreover, corresponding observations of N2 fixation and the distribution of diazotrophic Trichodesmium spp. indicate that movement in the region of elevated dissolved iron as a result of the seasonal migration of the intertropical convergence zone drives a shift in the latitudinal distribution of diazotrophy and corresponding dissolved inorganic phosphorus depletion. These conclusions are consistent with the results of an idealized numerical model of the system. The boundary between the distinct biogeochemical systems of the (sub)tropical Atlantic thus appears to be defined by the diazotrophic response to spatial-temporal variability in external Fe inputs. Consequently, in addition to demonstrating a unique seasonal cycle forced by atmospheric nutrient inputs, we suggest that the underlying biogeochemical mechanisms would likely characterize the response of oligotrophic systems to altered environmental forcing over longer timescales.
    Keywords: Atmospheric Iron Deposition ; Nitrogen Fixation ; Seasons ; Cyanobacteria -- Physiology
    ISSN: 00278424
    E-ISSN: 1091-6490
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