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  • 1
    UID:
    b3kat_BV019788356
    Edition: 1. publ.
    ISBN: 0521836441 , 0521544939 , 9780521836449 , 9780521544931
    Language: English
    Subjects: Political Science
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    Keywords: Partei ; Wettbewerb ; Internationaler Vergleich ; Parteienwettbewerb ; Parteiensystem ; Wahlverhalten ; Wahlforschung ; Internationaler Vergleich
    Author information: Grofman, Bernard 1944-
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  • 2
    UID:
    gbv_487849914
    Format: XVIII, 311 S. , graph. Darst.
    Edition: 1. publ.
    ISBN: 0521544939 , 0521836441 , 9780521836449 , 9780521544931
    Note: Includes bibliographical references (p. 293 - 306) and index
    Additional Edition: Erscheint auch als Online-Ausgabe Adams, James F. A unified theory of party competition Cambridge [u.a.] : Cambridge University Press, 2005 ISBN 0521836441
    Additional Edition: ISBN 0521544939
    Additional Edition: ISBN 9780521836449
    Additional Edition: ISBN 9780521544931
    Language: English
    Subjects: Political Science
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    Keywords: Parteienwettbewerb ; Parteiensystem ; Wahlverhalten ; Wahlforschung ; Internationaler Vergleich
    Author information: Grofman, Bernard 1944-
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  • 3
    UID:
    b3kat_BV043324068
    Format: 37 S.
    Series Statement: Discussion paper series / Center for Applied Economics 81,25
    Language: English
    Author information: Brams, Steven J. 1940-
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  • 4
    UID:
    kobvindex_GFZ883416093
    Format: xviii, 311 Seiten , Diagramme
    ISBN: 9780521836449
    Content: This book integrates spatial and behavioral perspectives - in a word, those of the Rochester and Michigan schools - into a unified theory of voter choice and party strategy. The theory encompasses both policy and non-policy factors, effects of turnout, voter discounting of party promises, expectations of coalition governments, and party motivations based on policy as well as office. Optimal (Nash equilibrium) strategies are determined for alternative models for presidential elections in the US and France, and for parliamentary elections in Britain and Norway. These polities cover a wide range of electoral rules, number of major parties, and governmental structures. The analyses suggest that the more competitive parties generally take policy positions that come close to maximizing their electoral support, and that these vote-maximizing positions correlate strongly with the mean policy positions of their supporters
    Note: Contents: 1. Modeling party competition ; 2. How voters decide: the components of the unified theory of voting ; 3. Linking voter choice to party strategies: illustrating the role of non-policy factors ; 4. Factors influencing the link between party strategy and the variables ; 5. Policy competition under the unified theory: empirical applications to the 1988 French Presidential Election ; 6. Policy competition under the unified voting model: empirical applications to the 1989 Norwegian parliamentary election ; 7. The threat of abstention: candidate strategies and policy representation in US presidential elections ; 8. Candidate strategies with voter abstention in US presidential elections: 1980, 1984, 1988, 1996, and 2000 ; 9. Policy competition in Britain: the 1997 general election ; 10. The consequences of voter projection: assimilation and contrast effects ; 11. Policy-seeking motivations of parties in two-party elections: theory ; 12. Policy-seeking motivations of parties in two-party elections: empirical analysis ; 13. Concluding remarks.
    Language: English
    Subjects: Political Science
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  • 5
    UID:
    b3kat_BV049501587
    Format: 1 Online-Ressource (viii, 192 Seiten) , Illustrationen
    ISBN: 9780197745243 , 9780197745250
    Content: "Extreme polarization in American politics - and especially in the U.S. Congress - is perhaps the most confounding political phenomenon of our time. This book binds together polarization in Congress and polarization in the electorate within an ever-expanding feedback loop. This loop is powered by the discipline exerted by the respective political parties on their Congressional members and district candidates and maintained by the voters in each Congressional district who must choose between the alternatives offered. These alternatives are just as extreme in competitive as in lop-sided districts. Tight national party discipline produces party delegations in Congress that are each ideologically narrowly distributed but widely separated from one another. As district constituencies become more polarized and are egged on by activists, parties are further motivated to move past a threshold and appeal to their respective bases rather than to voters in the political center. America has indeed acquired parties with clear platforms - once thought to be a desirable goal, but these parties are now feuding camps. What resolution might there be? Just as the progressive movement slowly replaced the Gilded Age, might a new reform effort replace the current squabble? Or could an asymmetry develop in the partisan constraints that would lead to ascendancy of the center, or might a new and over-riding issue generate a cross-cutting dimension, opening the door to a new politics? Only the future will tell"--
    Note: Includes bibliographical references and index , Part 1. Where did polarization come from and why is it getting worse? -- Making sense of polarization -- How does party discipline generate polarization? -- Why, even in highly competitive districts, are candidate positions so different? -- Heterogeneity across districts and within-district partisan gap and proclivity -- Part 2. Consequences of polarization -- How do party loyalty and activist influence foster mobilizing the base? -- Consequences of polarized politics -- Discussion and conclusions -- Appendices
    Additional Edition: Erscheint auch als Druck-Ausgabe, Hardcover ISBN 978-0-19774522-9
    Additional Edition: Erscheint auch als Druck-Ausgabe, Paperback ISBN 978-0-19774523-6
    Language: English
    Keywords: USA Congress ; Politik ; Polarisierung ; Radikalisierung
    Author information: Grofman, Bernard 1944-
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  • 6
    UID:
    gbv_1654431230
    Format: 1 Online-Ressource
    ISBN: 9780511151798
    Content: The authors develop a unified model that incorporates voter motivations and assess its empirical predictions in the US, Norway, and France.
    Content: Intro -- Contents -- List of Tables and Figures -- Acknowledgments -- CHAPTER 1 Introduction -- 1.1 How Do Voters Decide? -- 1.2 Spatial Models -- 1.3 Overview -- PART I Models of Voter Behavior -- CHAPTER 2 Alternative Models of Issue Voting -- 2.1 Proximity Models -- 2.1.1 The Downsian Proximity Model -- 2.1.2 The Grofman Discounting Model -- 2.2 Directional Models -- 2.2.1 The Matthews Directional Model -- 2.2.2 The Rabinowitz-Macdonald Directional Model -- 2.3 Comparison of Models -- CHAPTER 3 A Unified Model of Issue Voting: Proximity, Direction, and Intensity -- 3.1 Limitations of Pure Models -- 3.2 The Unified Model -- 3.3 Relation between the Grofman Discounting Model and the RM Model with Proximity Constraint -- 3.4 Conclusions -- CHAPTER 4 Comparing the Empirical Fit of the Directional and Proximity Models for Voter Utility Functions -- 4.1 Discriminating between Models -- 4.2 Utility Curves -- 4.3. Correlation and Regression Analyses of Pure Models of Voter Utility -- 4.3.1 U.S. Data -- 4.3.2 Non-U.S. Data -- 4.4 Discussion -- CHAPTER 5 Empirical Model Fitting Using the Unified Model: Voter Utility -- 5.1 Testing the Proximity and Directional Models of Voter Utility within a Nested Statistical Framework -- 5.2 Correlation Analysis -- 5.3 Fitting the Unified Model of Voter Utility via Nonlinear Regression -- 5.4 Parameter Estimates for the Mixed Proximity-RM Model -- 5.5 Discussion -- CHAPTER 6 Empirical Fitting of Probabilistic Models of Voter Choice in Two-Party Electorates -- 6.1 Probabilistic Models -- 6.2 A Unified Model of Voter Choice -- 6.3 Fitting the Conditional Logit Model to American NES Data -- 6.4 Discussion -- CHAPTER 7 Empirical Fitting of Probabilistic Models of Voter Choice in Multiparty Electorates -- 7.1 Multiparty Elections -- 7.2 Mixed Deterministic and Probabilistic Models.
    Note: Includes bibliographical references (p. 196-206) and index
    Additional Edition: ISBN 9780521662222
    Additional Edition: ISBN 0521665493
    Additional Edition: Erscheint auch als Druck-Ausgabe ISBN 9780521662222
    Language: English
    URL: Volltext  (lizenzpflichtig)
    Author information: Grofman, Bernard 1944-
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  • 7
    UID:
    gbv_883416093
    Format: 1 Online-Ressource (xviii, 311 pages) , digital, PDF file(s)
    ISBN: 9780511614453
    Content: This book integrates spatial and behavioral perspectives - in a word, those of the Rochester and Michigan schools - into a unified theory of voter choice and party strategy. The theory encompasses both policy and non-policy factors, effects of turnout, voter discounting of party promises, expectations of coalition governments, and party motivations based on policy as well as office. Optimal (Nash equilibrium) strategies are determined for alternative models for presidential elections in the US and France, and for parliamentary elections in Britain and Norway. These polities cover a wide range of electoral rules, number of major parties, and governmental structures. The analyses suggest that the more competitive parties generally take policy positions that come close to maximizing their electoral support, and that these vote-maximizing positions correlate strongly with the mean policy positions of their supporters
    Note: Title from publisher's bibliographic system (viewed on 05 Oct 2015)
    Additional Edition: ISBN 9780521836449
    Additional Edition: ISBN 9780521544931
    Additional Edition: Print version ISBN 9780521836449
    Language: English
    Subjects: Political Science
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    Keywords: Parteienwettbewerb ; Wahlverhalten ; Wahlforschung ; Parteiensystem ; Theorie
    URL: Volltext  (lizenzpflichtig)
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  • 8
    UID:
    gbv_883417685
    Format: 1 Online-Ressource (xv, 213 pages) , digital, PDF file(s)
    ISBN: 9780511605864
    Content: This book addresses the questions: how do voters use their own issue positions and those of candidates to decide how to vote? Does a voter tend to choose the candidate who most closely shares the views of the voter or rather a candidate who holds more extreme views due to the fact that the voters discount the candidates' abilities to implement policy. The authors develop a unified model that incorporates these and other voter motivations and assess its empirical predictions - for both voter choice and candidate strategy - in the US, Norway, and France. The analyses show that a combination of proximity, direction, discounting, and party ID are compatible with the mildly but not extremely divergent policies that are characteristic of many two-party and multiparty electorates. All of these motivations are necessary to understand the linkage between candidate issue positions and voter preferences
    Note: Title from publisher's bibliographic system (viewed on 05 Oct 2015)
    Additional Edition: ISBN 9780521662222
    Additional Edition: ISBN 9780521665490
    Additional Edition: Print version ISBN 9780521662222
    Language: English
    URL: Volltext  (lizenzpflichtig)
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  • 9
    UID:
    gbv_1876766395
    Format: 1 Online-Ressource (viii, 192 pages)
    ISBN: 9780197745250 , 9780197745243 , 9780197745267
    Content: "Extreme polarization in American politics - and especially in the U.S. Congress - is perhaps the most confounding political phenomenon of our time. This book binds together polarization in Congress and polarization in the electorate within an ever-expanding feedback loop. This loop is powered by the discipline exerted by the respective political parties on their Congressional members and district candidates and maintained by the voters in each Congressional district who must choose between the alternatives offered. These alternatives are just as extreme in competitive as in lop-sided districts. Tight national party discipline produces party delegations in Congress that are each ideologically narrowly distributed but widely separated from one another. As district constituencies become more polarized and are egged on by activists, parties are further motivated to move past a threshold and appeal to their respective bases rather than to voters in the political center. America has indeed acquired parties with clear platforms - once thought to be a desirable goal, but these parties are now feuding camps. What resolution might there be? Just as the progressive movement slowly replaced the Gilded Age, might a new reform effort replace the current squabble? Or could an asymmetry develop in the partisan constraints that would lead to ascendancy of the center, or might a new and over-riding issue generate a cross-cutting dimension, opening the door to a new politics? Only the future will tell"--
    Note: Includes bibliographical references and index , Part 1. Where did polarization come from and why is it getting worse? -- Making sense of polarization -- How does party discipline generate polarization? -- Why, even in highly competitive districts, are candidate positions so different? -- Heterogeneity across districts and within-district partisan gap and proclivity -- Part 2. Consequences of polarization -- How do party loyalty and activist influence foster mobilizing the base? -- Consequences of polarized politics -- Discussion and conclusions -- Appendices.
    Additional Edition: ISBN 9780197745236
    Additional Edition: ISBN 9780197745229
    Additional Edition: Erscheint auch als Druck-Ausgabe Merrill, Samuel, - 1939- How polarization begets polarization New York, NY : Oxford University Press, 2024 ISBN 9780197745236
    Additional Edition: ISBN 9780197745229
    Language: English
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  • 10
    UID:
    gbv_1883479517
    Format: 1 Online-Ressource
    ISBN: 9780197745267
    Series Statement: Oxford scholarship online
    Content: This title explains the feedback loop that generates ever-increasing polarisation - the signature feature of contemporary American politics. This loop is powered by the discipline exerted by the respective political parties and their activists on both their Congressional members and their district candidates. The authors show that tight party discipline produces party delegations in Congress that are widely separated from one another but each ideologically concentrated - in a word, polarised.
    Content: "Extreme polarization in American politics - and especially in the U.S. Congress - is perhaps the most confounding political phenomenon of our time. This book binds together polarization in Congress and polarization in the electorate within an ever-expanding feedback loop. This loop is powered by the discipline exerted by the respective political parties on their Congressional members and district candidates and maintained by the voters in each Congressional district who must choose between the alternatives offered. These alternatives are just as extreme in competitive as in lop-sided districts. Tight national party discipline produces party delegations in Congress that are each ideologically narrowly distributed but widely separated from one another. As district constituencies become more polarized and are egged on by activists, parties are further motivated to move past a threshold and appeal to their respective bases rather than to voters in the political center. America has indeed acquired parties with clear platforms - once thought to be a desirable goal, but these parties are now feuding camps. What resolution might there be? Just as the progressive movement slowly replaced the Gilded Age, might a new reform effort replace the current squabble? Or could an asymmetry develop in the partisan constraints that would lead to ascendancy of the center, or might a new and over-riding issue generate a cross-cutting dimension, opening the door to a new politics? Only the future will tell"--
    Note: Includes bibliographical references and index
    Additional Edition: ISBN 9780197745229
    Additional Edition: ISBN 9780197745236
    Additional Edition: Erscheint auch als Druck-Ausgabe ISBN 9780197745229
    Language: English
    URL: Volltext  (lizenzpflichtig)
    Author information: Grofman, Bernard 1944-
    Library Location Call Number Volume/Issue/Year Availability
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