Kooperativer Bibliotheksverbund

Berlin Brandenburg

and
and

Your email was sent successfully. Check your inbox.

An error occurred while sending the email. Please try again.

Proceed reservation?

Export
Filter
Type of Medium
Language
Year
  • 1
    Language: English
    In: American journal of public health, September 2008, Vol.98(9 Suppl), pp.S132-6
    Description: We compared the prevalence of risk factors for Black and White suicide decedents in Fulton County, Georgia, from 1988-2002. We used data from the Fulton County Medical Examiner's Office to compile information on suicides that occurred in Fulton County between 1988 and 2002. We used the chi(2) test and logistic regression to identify associations between suicide risk factors and race. Black suicide decedents were more likely than White suicide decedents to be male (odds ratio [OR]=2.06; 95% confidence interval [CI]=1.38, 3.09), to be younger, (〉or=24 y [OR = 4.74; 95% CI = 2.88, 7.81]; 25-34 y [OR = 2.79; 95% CI = 1.74, 4.47]; 35-44 y [OR = 1.86; 95% CI = 1.13, 3.07]), and to hurt others in a suicide (OR = 4.22; 95% CI = 1.60, 11.15) but less likely to report depression (OR=0.63; 95% CI=0.48, 0.83), to have a family history of suicide (OR=0.08; 95% CI=0.01, 0.61), or to leave a suicide note (OR=0.37; 95% CI=0.26, 0.52). Future research should consider that Black suicide decedents are less likely to report depression than White suicide decedents. This suicide risk difference is important when developing effective suicide prevention programs.
    Keywords: Suicide -- Risk Factors ; Suicide -- Research ; Suicide -- Demographic Aspects ; Suicide -- Prevention;
    ISSN: 00900036
    E-ISSN: 1541-0048
    Library Location Call Number Volume/Issue/Year Availability
    BibTip Others were also interested in ...
  • 2
    Language: English
    In: American Journal of Preventive Medicine, 2010, Vol.39(1), pp.15-24
    Description: Falls are a major cause of deaths, hospitalizations, and emergency room visits in the U.S., but circumstances surrounding falls are not well described. Among the elderly, balance and gait disorders and muscle weakness are associated with increased risk for falling, but the relationship of cardiorespiratory fitness and physical activity with falls is unclear. This purpose of this study is to describe characteristics of falls among adults and assess the association of cardiorespiratory fitness and physical activity with walking-related falls. Data on participants enrolled in the Aerobics Center Longitudinal Study (ACLS) from 1970 through 1989 who responded to questions on falls on the 1990 follow-up survey were analyzed in 2008–2009. The percentage of participants reporting at least one fall during the year before the follow-up survey was calculated and the activities at the time of falling were described. The relative risk and 95% CIs for the association of baseline fitness and physical activity with walking-related falls were calculated and logistic regression models for walking-related falls were developed. Of 10,615 participants aged 20–87 years, 20% (95% CI=19%, 21%) reported falling during the past year. Of those falling, 54% (95% CI=52%, 56%) fell during sports or exercise; 15% (95% CI=14%,17%) while walking; and 4% (95% CI=3%, 5%) from a stool or ladder. People aged ≥65 years were no more likely than younger people to report falling in general, but they were more likely than people aged 〈45 years to report falling while walking (RR=1.9, 95% CI=1.2, 3.0 for men; RR=2.2, 95% CI=1.3, 3.9 for women). Men with a low level of fitness were more likely to fall while walking than men who were highly fit (RR=2.2, 95% CI=1.5, 3.3). In the multivariate analysis, walking-related falls were associated with low levels of fitness (AOR=1.8, 95% CI=1.1, 2.8) and with physical inactivity (AOR=1.7, 95% CI=1.1, 2.7) in men but not in women. Falls are common throughout adulthood but activities at time of falls differ by age. Low fitness levels and physical inactivity may increase risk for walking-related falls.
    Keywords: Medicine ; Public Health
    ISSN: 0749-3797
    E-ISSN: 1873-2607
    Source: ScienceDirect Journals (Elsevier)
    Library Location Call Number Volume/Issue/Year Availability
    BibTip Others were also interested in ...
  • 3
    Language: English
    In: The American Journal of Public Health, August, 2008, Vol.98(8), p.1464(4)
    Description: To evaluate the 2003 repeal of Pennsylvania's motorcycle helmet law, we assessed changes in helmet use and compared motorcycle-related head injuries with nonhead injuries from 2001-2002 to 2004-2005. Helmet use among riders in crashes decreased from 82% to 58%. Head injury deaths increased 66%; nonhead injury deaths increased 25%. Motorcycle-related head injury hospitalizations increased 78% compared with 28% for nonhead injury hospitalizations. Helmet law repeals jeopardize motorcycle riders. Until repeals are reversed, states need voluntary strategies to increase helmet use.
    Keywords: Head Injuries -- Patient Outcomes ; Helmet Laws -- Usage
    ISSN: 0090-0036
    Source: Cengage Learning, Inc.
    Library Location Call Number Volume/Issue/Year Availability
    BibTip Others were also interested in ...
  • 4
    Language: English
    In: PLoS ONE, 01 January 2013, Vol.8(4), p.e61168
    Description: BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: High concentrations of air pollutants have been linked to increased incidence of stroke in North America and Europe but not yet assessed in mainland China. The aim of this study is to evaluate the association between stroke hospitalization and short-term elevation of air pollutants in Wuhan, China. METHODS: Daily mean NO2, SO2 and PM10 levels, temperature and humidity were obtained from 2006 through 2008. Data on stroke hospitalizations (ICD 10: I60-I69) at four hospitals in Wuhan were obtained for the same period. A time-stratified case-crossover design was performed by season (April-September and October-March) to assess effects of pollutants on stroke hospital admissions. RESULTS: Pollution levels were higher in October-March with averages of 136.1 µg/m(3) for PM10, 63.6 µg/m(3) for NO2 and 71.0 µg/m(3) for SO2 than in April-September when averages were 102.0 µg/m(3), 41.7 µg/m(3) and 41.7 µg/m(3), respectively (p〈.001). During the cold season, every 10 µg/m(3) increase in NO2 was associated with a 2.9% (95%C.I. 1.2%-4.6%) increase in stroke admissions on the same day. Every 10 ug/m(3) increase in PM10 daily concentration was significantly associated with an approximate 1% (95% C.I. 0.1%-1.4%) increase in stroke hospitalization. A two-pollutant model indicated that NO2 was associated with stroke admissions when controlling for PM10. During the warm season, no significant associations were noted for any of the pollutants. CONCLUSIONS: Exposure to NO2 is significantly associated with stroke hospitalizations during the cold season in Wuhan, China when pollution levels are 50% greater than in the warm season. Larger and multi-center studies in Chinese cities are warranted to validate our findings.
    Keywords: Sciences (General)
    E-ISSN: 1932-6203
    Library Location Call Number Volume/Issue/Year Availability
    BibTip Others were also interested in ...
  • 5
    Language: English
    In: West Virginia Medical Journal, Sept-Oct, 2013, Vol.109(5), p.8(5)
    Description: West Virginia has one of the oldest populations in the nation. Cancer is a common disease among the elderly. With the projected growth of the elderly population (defined as 65 years and older), cancer will become a major public health burden. This article provides a summary of cancer incidence in elderly West Virginians. Incidence data were obtained from the West Virginia Cancer Registry. Approximately 6,262 elderly persons are diagnosed with some form of reportable cancer in West Virginia each year. Among those aged 65 and older, the four leading primary cancer sites in the order of their relative frequency were lung and bronchus cancer (21.8%), prostate cancer (14.6%), colorectal cancer (12.7%), and female breast cancer (9.6%). In general, the burden of cancer was greater in elderly men than in elderly women. Knowledge of the epidemiology of cancer in the elderly can potentially help guide statewide cancer prevention and control efforts and be used for anticipating future health care needs in the state.
    Keywords: Cancer -- Demographic Aspects ; Elderly -- Health Aspects
    ISSN: 0043-3284
    Library Location Call Number Volume/Issue/Year Availability
    BibTip Others were also interested in ...
  • 6
    Language: English
    In: American journal of public health, August 2008, Vol.98(8), pp.1464-7
    Description: To evaluate the 2003 repeal of Pennsylvania's motorcycle helmet law, we assessed changes in helmet use and compared motorcycle-related head injuries with non-head injuries from 2001-2002 to 2004-2005. Helmet use among riders in crashes decreased from 82% to 58%. Head injury deaths increased 66%; nonhead injury deaths increased 25%. Motorcycle-related head injury hospitalizations increased 78% compared with 28% for nonhead injury hospitalizations. Helmet law repeals jeopardize motorcycle riders. Until repeals are reversed, states need voluntary strategies to increase helmet use.
    Keywords: Motorcycles ; Accidents, Traffic -- Mortality ; Craniocerebral Trauma -- Epidemiology ; Head Protective Devices -- Statistics & Numerical Data
    ISSN: 00900036
    E-ISSN: 1541-0048
    Library Location Call Number Volume/Issue/Year Availability
    BibTip Others were also interested in ...
  • 7
    In: Journal of Forensic Sciences, November 2014, Vol.59(6), pp.1583-1585
    Description: Drugs contributing to overdose deaths are listed on death certificates, but their validity is rarely studied. To assess the accuracy of “morphine” and “codeine” listings on death certificates for unintentional overdose deaths in Allegheny County, PA, investigative and laboratory reports were reviewed. Deaths were reclassified as heroin‐related if documentation showed 6‐monoacetylmorphine in blood or urine, “stamp bags” or drug paraphernalia at scene, history of heroin use, or track marks. Deaths were considered morphine‐related if notes indicated morphine use, prescription, or morphine at scene, or codeine‐related if the codeine blood level exceeded morphine. Of 112 deaths with morphine but not heroin listed on the death certificate, 74 met heroin criteria and 21 morphine criteria. Of 20 deaths with both morphine and heroin listed, only one met morphine criteria. Of 34 deaths with codeine listed, only five were attributed to codeine. Consideration of patient history, death scene evidence, and expanded toxicology testing may improve the accuracy of death certificate drug listings.
    Keywords: Forensic Science ; Overdose ; Poisoning ; Heroin ; Morphine ; Opioid Analgesics
    ISSN: 0022-1198
    E-ISSN: 1556-4029
    Library Location Call Number Volume/Issue/Year Availability
    BibTip Others were also interested in ...
  • 8
    Language: English
    In: Journal of Forensic Sciences, 2014, Vol.59(6), p.1583(3)
    Description: To purchase or authenticate to the full-text of this article, please visit this link: http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/1556-4029.12541/abstract Byline: Kristen J. Mertz, Jennifer K. Janssen, Karl E. Williams Keywords: forensic science; overdose; poisoning; heroin; morphine; opioid analgesics Abstract Drugs contributing to overdose deaths are listed on death certificates, but their validity is rarely studied. To assess the accuracy of "morphine" and "codeine" listings on death certificates for unintentional overdose deaths in Allegheny County, PA, investigative and laboratory reports were reviewed. Deaths were reclassified as heroin-related if documentation showed 6-monoacetylmorphine in blood or urine, "stamp bags" or drug paraphernalia at scene, history of heroin use, or track marks. Deaths were considered morphine-related if notes indicated morphine use, prescription, or morphine at scene, or codeine-related if the codeine blood level exceeded morphine. Of 112 deaths with morphine but not heroin listed on the death certificate, 74 met heroin criteria and 21 morphine criteria. Of 20 deaths with both morphine and heroin listed, only one met morphine criteria. Of 34 deaths with codeine listed, only five were attributed to codeine. Consideration of patient history, death scene evidence, and expanded toxicology testing may improve the accuracy of death certificate drug listings.
    Keywords: Overdose ; Heroin ; Morphine
    ISSN: 0022-1198
    Source: Cengage Learning, Inc.
    Library Location Call Number Volume/Issue/Year Availability
    BibTip Others were also interested in ...
  • 9
    Language: English
    In: International Journal of Injury Control and Safety Promotion, 01 December 2011, Vol.18(4), pp.331-335
    Description: 1 Dr. Weiss's affiliation at the time of the study was University of Pittsburgh, Center for Injury Research and Control.
    Keywords: Social Welfare & Social Work
    ISSN: 1745-7300
    E-ISSN: 1745-7319
    Library Location Call Number Volume/Issue/Year Availability
    BibTip Others were also interested in ...
  • 10
    In: Pediatric Emergency Care, 2011, Vol.27(1), pp.11-12
    Description: OBJECTIVE:: To describe injuries due to golf-related activities among pediatric patients requiring hospital admission. METHODS:: We conducted a retrospective analysis of all sports-related injuries from 2000 to 2006 using a level 1 trauma center database. RESULTS:: Of 1005 children admitted with sports-related injuries, 60 (6%) had golf-related injuries. The mean injury severity score was significantly higher for golf-related injuries (11.0) than that for all other sports-related injuries (6.8). Most golf-related injuries occurred in children younger than 12 years (80%), at home (48%), and by a strike from a club (57%) and resulted in trauma to the head or neck (68%). CONCLUSIONS:: Golf-related injuries, although an infrequent cause of sports-related injuries, have the potential to result in severe injuries, especially in younger children. Preventive efforts should target use of golf clubs by younger children in the home setting.
    Keywords: Child–Injuries ; Female–Statistics & Numerical Data ; Golf–Trends ; Humans–Statistics & Numerical Data ; Length of Stay–Epidemiology ; Male–Diagnosis ; Morbidity–Epidemiology ; Retrospective Studies–Epidemiology ; Risk Factors–Epidemiology ; Trauma Centers–Epidemiology ; Trauma Severity Indices–Epidemiology ; United States–Epidemiology ; Wounds and Injuries–Epidemiology;
    ISSN: 0749-5161
    E-ISSN: 15351815
    Library Location Call Number Volume/Issue/Year Availability
    BibTip Others were also interested in ...
Close ⊗
This website uses cookies and the analysis tool Matomo. Further information can be found on the KOBV privacy pages