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  • 1
    Language: English
    In: ZooKeys, May 18, 2017, Issue 675, p.27(17)
    Description: A redescription of the genus Rothschild is provided. Six species are recognized: Wagner, Tipton and Mendez, Eads and Campos, Barrera and Traub, Lewis and Maser, and Rothschild. is designated herein as a junior synonym of . The distribution of is more extensive than previously thought, extending from Arizona through southern Colorado, into New Mexico, Texas, and northern Mexico (State of Nuevo Le#243;n). It is the least host-specific of all species of , occurring on 13 different host species including cricetid, heteromyid, murid, and sciurid rodents and several carnivores, although it most commonly occurs on Hartley. The range of is expanded from eastern Oregon to southeastern Idaho. Numerous records are documented for the most common and ubiquitous species, , which is found in British Columbia, central to northern California, Idaho, Montana, Colorado, Nevada, Utah, Wyoming, Arizona, and New Mexico. Ord is the principal host of . is a winter flea west of the Rocky Mountains, but it has been reported in warmer months of the year on the eastern slopes of the Rocky Mountains in Larimer County, Colorado. A distribution map and key are provided for all species in the genus . Keywords: Host-parasite relationships, flea key, new synonymy, distribution
    Keywords: Fleas – Environmental Aspects ; Fleas – Identification and Classification ; Fleas – Physiological Aspects
    ISSN: 1313-2989
    E-ISSN: 13132970
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  • 2
    Language: English
    In: ZooKeys, 01 May 2014, Vol.408, pp.107-123
    Description: Medwayella independencia, a new species of flea, is described from the tupaiid host Urogale everetti (Thomas) from Mindanao Island, Philippines. Several other species of fleas are also recorded from the Philippines including a single male of Lentistivalius philippinensis Hastriter & Bush, 2013 (previously known only from two males), the bat fleas Thaumapsylla breviceps orientalis Smit and Thaumapsylla longiforceps Traub, a single unidentified female species of Macrostylophora Ewing collected from the murid Bullimus bagobos Mearns, and a pair of Medwayella robinsoni ssp. from Sundasciurus hoogstraali (Sanborn) from Busuanga Island, Philippines. Representatives of Medwayella Traub, 1972 and Macrostylophora have not previously been recorded from the Philippines. A key to the male sex of Medwayella is provided. Phoretic mites of the genus Psylloglyphus (family Winterschmidtiidae) were present under the abdominal sclerites of several male and female specimens of M. independencia. This is the second report of a phoretic mite on a species of Medwayella Traub. The co-evolutionary implications between phoretic mites and fleas are discussed.
    Keywords: Zoology
    ISSN: 1313-2989
    E-ISSN: 1313-2970
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  • 3
    Language: English
    In: ZooKeys, 01 January 2013, Vol.260, pp.17-30
    Description: During May 2009 and July 2011, we collected 357 mammals and examined each for ectoparasites. Among the ectoparasites collected, a new species of flea was discovered. This new species, Lentistivalius philippinensis, is described from the male sex only. Two males were recovered from two specimens of the soricid Crocidura grayi Dobson in Municipality Maria Aurora, Aurora Province, Luzon, Philippines. Additional fleas included Thaumapsylla breviceps orientalis Smit, Thaumapsylla longiforceps Traub, and Ischnopsyllus indicus Jordan. Although the latter species is common in Japan and documented in Guam (as well as mainland Southeast Asia) also on Pipistrellus javanicus (Gray), I. indicus represents a new record in the Philippine Islands. The ascodipterinae (Streblidae) Maabella stomalata and Ascodipteron speiserianum Muir collected from Rhinolophus inops K. Andersen and Rhinolophus subrufus K. Andersen, respectively, also represent new host records. A key to the species of the flea genus Lentistivalius Traub is provided.
    Keywords: Zoology
    ISSN: 1313-2989
    E-ISSN: 1313-2970
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  • 4
    Language: English
    In: ZooKeys, 01 March 2014, Vol.389, pp.1-7
    Description: Hectopsylla pulex Haller is documented for the first time from Cochise County, Arizona on the Lesser Long-nosed bat, Leptonycteris yerbabuenae Martinez and Villa (Phyllostomidae). This represents the first record of this flea on this Chiropteran Family. The most favorable site of attachment of H. pulex appears to be the head, particularly the ears and tragus. The potential interference of echolocation caused by flea attachment at or near the tragus is discussed in addition to host preferences and specialized morphological features. It is demonstrated that expansion of abdominal segments during egg development is a function of mechanical design and not neosomy such as occurs in Tunga monositus Barnes and Radovsky, Neotunga euloidea Smit and some vermipsyllid fleas.
    Keywords: Zoology
    ISSN: 1313-2989
    E-ISSN: 1313-2970
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  • 5
    Language: English
    In: ZooKeys, 2017(657), pp.67-79
    Description: (Wahlgren, 1903), previously known only from the Island of Java, Indonesia is redescribed and reported for the first time in Deer Cave, Gunung Mulu National Park, Sarawak, Malaysia (west coast of Borneo). Many were found clinging to the earwig Jordan, 1909. A similar account of a phoretic flea ( Smit, 1958) on the same species of cave-dwelling earwig has been reported in peninsular Malaysia in a well-documented association with the hairless naked bulldog bat, Horsfield, 1824. The association of with is parallel to the evolution and co-existence with bats in Deer Cave just as in the case of , , and . The evidence suggests that and are obligate phoretic parasites whose survival depends on to access a bat host. is reported for the first time in Deer Cave and the occurrence of on the island of Borneo represented a new record, previously being found only on the island of Java. Images of attached to are provided. (Burr, 1912), often associated with in other geographical areas, was not present in the material examined from Deer Cave. The natural history of the earwig genera Jordan, 1909 and Maa, 1974 are discussed and summarized relative to their associations with phoretic fleas and their bat hosts.
    Keywords: Arixenia Esau ; Deer Cave ; Gunung Mulu National Park ; Lagaropsylla Turba ; Xeniaria Jacobsoni ; Insect Phoresy
    ISSN: 1313-2989
    E-ISSN: 13132970
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  • 6
    Language: English
    In: ZooKeys, July 7, 2015, Issue 512, p.109(12)
    Description: A new species of flea of the genus Jordan, 1931 (Siphonaptera: Pygiopsyllidae) is described from J. A. Allen, 1901, from Salta Province, Argentina. This is the first time that has been recorded in Argentina. A key to species of males of is presented. Keywords: , identification key,
    Keywords: Fleas
    ISSN: 1313-2989
    E-ISSN: 13132970
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  • 7
    Language: English
    In: BMC evolutionary biology, 11 January 2016, Vol.16, pp.9
    Description: Recently, a set of publications described flea fossils from Jurassic and Early Cretaceous geological strata in northeastern China, which were suggested to have parasitized feathered dinosaurs, pterosaurs, and early birds or mammals. In support of these fossils being fleas, a recent publication in BMC Evolutionary Biology described the extended abdomen of a female fossil specimen as due to blood feeding.We here comment on these findings, and conclude that the current interpretation of the evolutionary trajectory and ecology of these putative dinosaur fleas is based on appeal to probability, rather than evidence. Hence, their taxonomic positioning as fleas, or stem fleas, as well as their ecological classification as ectoparasites and blood feeders is not supported by currently available data.
    Keywords: Siphonaptera ; Dinosaurs -- Parasitology
    E-ISSN: 1471-2148
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  • 8
    In: The ISME Journal, 2012, Vol.7(1), p.221
    Description: Bacterial community composition in blood-sucking arthropods can shift dramatically across time and space. We used 16S rRNA gene amplification and pyrosequencing to investigate the relative impact of vertebrate host-related, arthropod-related and environmental factors on bacterial community composition in fleas and ticks collected from rodents in southern Indiana (USA). Bacterial community composition was largely affected by arthropod identity, but not by the rodent host or environmental conditions. Specifically, the arthropod group (fleas vs ticks) determined the community composition of bacteria, where bacterial communities of ticks were less diverse and more dependent on arthropod traits--especially tick species and life stage--than bacterial communities of fleas. Our data suggest that both arthropod life histories and the presence of arthropod-specific endosymbionts may mask the effects of the vertebrate host and its environment.
    Keywords: Biology;
    ISSN: 1751-7362
    E-ISSN: 17517370
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  • 9
    Language: English
    In: Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution, 2015, Vol.90, p.129(11)
    Description: To link to full-text access for this article, visit this link: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ympev.2015.04.027 Byline: Qiyun Zhu, Michael W. Hastriter, Michael F. Whiting, Katharina Dittmar Abstract: Display Omitted Article History: Received 4 November 2014; Revised 16 March 2015; Accepted 28 April 2015 Article Note: (footnote) [star] This paper has been recommended for acceptance by Alfried Vogler.
    Keywords: Cretaceous Period ; Fleas
    ISSN: 1055-7903
    Source: Cengage Learning, Inc.
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  • 10
    Language: English
    Description: This dataset contains the digitized treatments in Plazi based on the original journal article Acosta, Roxana, Hastriter, Michael W. (2017): A review of the flea genus Phalacropsylla Rothschild, 1915 (Siphonaptera, Ctenophthalmidae, Neopsyllinae, Phalacropsyllini) with new host and distributional records. ZooKeys 675: 27-43, DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.3897/zookeys.675.12347, URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.3897/zookeys.675.12347...
    Source: DataCite
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