Water Resources, 2013, Vol.40(7), pp.723-732
The article presents the results of radiogeochemical studies carried out by the Institute of Geology of Ore Deposits, Petrography, Mineralogy, and Geochemistry, RAS (IGEM RAS), in the Kara Sea and the estuaries of the Ob and Yenisei rivers in 1995–2003. The studies were carried out onboard the Akademik Boris Petrov research vessel, belonging to the Institute of Geochemistry, RAS. Based on studies of circa 1500 samples of bottom sediments, taken from 172 marine and river stations, a map of 137 Cs distribution in the surface sediments has been compiled. Four zones of radiocesium overactivity (〉15 Bk/kg) have been identified: Novaya Zemlya Zone, Vaigach Zone, Ob Zone, and Yenisei Zone. The zones have different radiocesium concentration levels, as well as different input sources, but all of them have formed under the influence of complex geochemical barriers. Data from 47 sectioned cores of bottom sediments, sampled in Ob and Yenisei overactivity zones, demonstrate distinct differences in the vertical radiocesium distribution. These differences have been shown to be due to many-year oscillations of suspended silt discharge, which are main transfer agents of solvable and poorly solvable radiocesium forms and to be independent of sedimentation conditions and the geochemical characteristics of the deposition environment.
Kara Sea ; Arctic ; radiocesium ; bottom sediments ; macroarena ; drainage area ; radioactive contamination ; waste ; sedimentation ; marginal filter ; geochemical landscapes ; vertical distribution ; estuaries ; facies analysis ; migration ; accumulation
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