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  • 1
    Language: English
    In: Biodiversity and Conservation, 2012, Vol.21(1), pp.145-153
    Description: Biodiversity monitoring in developing countries has long been haunted by problems with sustaining monitoring programs, especially after funding stops. Current programs are developed to fulfill strict scientific demands, which often results in high priced programs, with little local participation and attention. Thus, to enhance sustainability of the biodiversity programs, there is a great need to reconcile scientific rigor with local involvement. In this paper, we analyze the cost-effectiveness and usefulness of a standard and a participatory monitoring method, in their ability to monitor biodiversity, while rising local participation. As a standard method we used a forest characteristic with tree basal area and Shannon index as proxy for biodiversity. Interviews were used as a participatory approach, with hunters’ catch-effort as proxy. The analysis showed that the interviews reached a better precision with fewer work hours spent and at the same time involved local populations and stake holders. As a tradeoff, the interviews lacked the scientific rigor from forest characteristic. In order to sustain monitoring programs, we conclude that conservation biologists needs to compromise between scientific rigor and public participation.
    Keywords: Biodiversity ; Catch effort ; Monitoring ; Nicaragua ; Participatory
    ISSN: 0960-3115
    E-ISSN: 1572-9710
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  • 2
    Language: English
    In: Medieval Worlds, 01 January 2017, Vol.medieval worlds(Volume 5. 2017), pp.3-45
    Description: The article presents a new model for understanding the sudden success of prose in four literatures: Greek, Latin, French and Old Norse. Through comparison and quantitative observations, and by focusing on the success of prose rather than its invention, it is shown that in all four cases two or three decades were crucial for creating prose literature. This turn can be described by the term »librarization«: the fact that private book collections and reading habits emerged helps us understand the space into which a host of prose writers were suddenly writing. This reading habit factor (inlcuding reading aloud) has been underplayed in previous scholarship mostly focused on authorial choices and invention. For two of the literatures (Greek, French) the fast dynamics of the rise of prose has already been identified and discussed, but for the two others (Latin, Old Norse), the observation is new. It is also suggested that the exactly contemporary rise of French and Old Norse prose (c. 1200-1230) most probably is connected. The four literatures are each shown in chronological charts so as to visualize the timeline and the relation between poetic and prosaic works. The article furthermore reflects on a number of characteristics and implications of prose literature by drawing on comparisons and contrasts between the ancient and the medieval, important among which is the profound effect of prose librarization on the canonization of existing poetic literature.
    Keywords: History & Archaeology
    ISSN: 2412-3196
    E-ISSN: 2412-3196
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  • 3
    Language: English
    In: Journal of Hazardous Materials, 2010, Vol.179(1), pp.573-580
    Description: Quantifying the spatial variability of factors affecting natural attenuation of hydrocarbons in the unsaturated zone is important to (i) performing a reliable risk assessment and (ii) evaluating the possibility for bioremediation of petroleum-polluted sites. Most studies to date have focused on the shallow unsaturated zone. Based on a data set comprising analysis of about 100 soil samples taken in a 16 m-deep unsaturated zone polluted with volatile petroleum compounds, we statistically and geostatistically analysed values of essential soil properties. The subsurface of the site was highly layered, resulting in an accumulation of pollution within coarse sandy lenses. Air-filled porosity, readily available phosphorous, and the first-order rate constant ( ) of benzene obtained from slurry biodegradation experiments were found to depend on geologic sample characterization ( 〈 0.05), while inorganic nitrogen was homogenously distributed across the soil stratigraphy. Semivariogram analysis showed a spatial continuity of 4–8.6 m in the vertical direction, while it was 2–5 times greater in the horizontal direction. Values of displayed strong spatial autocorrelation. Even so, the soil potential for biodegradation was highly variable, which from autoregressive state-space modeling was partly explained by changes in soil air-filled porosity and gravimetric water content. The results suggest considering biological heterogeneity when evaluating the fate of contaminants in the subsurface.
    Keywords: Biological Heterogeneity ; Petroleum Vapors ; Spatial Variability ; Semivariogram Analysis ; State-Space Modeling ; Engineering ; Law
    ISSN: 0304-3894
    E-ISSN: 1873-3336
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  • 4
    Language: English
    In: International journal of product development : IJPD, 2013, Vol.18(6), pp. 531-547
    Description: To purchase or authenticate to the full-text of this article, please visit this link: http://www.inderscience.com/search/index.php?action=record&rec_id=58556 Byline: Anders Haug, Lars Hvam, Niels Henrik Mortensen Today many companies are experiencing increasing demands from customers for shorter delivery times and more competitive prices. In order to increase competitiveness from a price and time-to-market perspective, many companies initiate projects to reduce their internal product complexity by eliminating the product variety that do not create customer value. However, for Engineer-to-Order (ETO) companies, elimination of variety is particularly challenging, since it is about reducing variety in a complex product solution space, rather than just eliminating already produced product variants. To support ETO companies in achieving more efficient product solution spaces, this paper presents a procedure for reducing product solution spaces in ETO companies. The procedure is demonstrated through an action research study at the Danish ETO company, Novenco, which develops and manufactures heating, ventilation, air-conditioning and refrigeration solutions for land and marine applications.
    Keywords: Engineers;
    ISSN: 14779056
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  • 5
    Language: English
    In: Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2008, Vol.38(6), pp.1161-1165
    Description: The aim of the present study was to assess mental flexibility and set maintenance of a group of individuals with Asperger syndrome (AS) or high-functioning autism (HFA) ( N  = 13; mean age 16,4), as compared with a matched group of typically developing children and adolescents ( N  = 13; mean age 15,6) on the computerized version of the Wisconsin Card Sorting Test (WCST). The participants in the AS/HFA group performed less well than the controls on all categories of the WCST, but the differences did not reach conventional statistical significance on most categories of the WCST. On the category failure to maintain set, however, the AS/HFA participants performed significantly less well than the controls, suggesting a deficit of focused attention.
    Keywords: Asperger syndrome ; High-functioning autism ; Executive function ; Wisconsin Card Sorting Test ; Attention problems
    ISSN: 0162-3257
    E-ISSN: 1573-3432
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  • 6
    Language: English
    In: Ecological Economics, October 2016, Vol.130, pp.350-355
    Description: To access, purchase, authenticate, or subscribe to the full-text of this article, please visit this link: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ecolecon.2016.07.009 Byline: Robert Costanza [rcostanz@gmail.com] (a,*), Lew Daly (b), Lorenzo Fioramonti (c), Enrico Giovannini (d), Ida Kubiszewski (a), Lars Fogh Mortensen (e), Kate E. Pickett (f), Kristin Vala Ragnarsdottir (g), Roberto De Vogli (h), Richard Wilkinson (i) Keywords Wellbeing; Ecosystem services; Natural capital; Social capital; GPI Abstract The UN Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) offer a detailed dashboard of goals, targets and indicators. In this paper we investigate alternative methods to relate the SDGs to overall measures of sustainable wellbeing that can motivate and guide the process of global societal change. We describe what a Sustainable Wellbeing Index (SWI) that connects with and complements the SDG dashboard might look like. We first investigate several options for how to construct such an index and then discuss what is needed to build consensus around it. Finally, we propose linking the SDGs and our SWI with a comprehensive systems dynamics model that can track stocks and flows and make projections into the future under different policy scenarios. Author Affiliation: (a) Crawford School of Public Policy, Australian National University, Australia (b) Demos, New York, NY, USA (c) Centre for the Study of Governance Innovation, University of Pretoria, South Africa (d) Department of Economics and Finance, University of Rome Tor Vergata, Italy (e) European Environmental Agency, Copenhagen, DK, Denmark (f) Department of Health Sciences, University of York, UK (g) Faculty of Earth Sciences, University of Iceland, Reykjavik, Iceland (h) Department of Public Health Sciences, University of California, Davis, USA (i) Division of Epidemiology and Public Health, University of Nottingham, UK * Corresponding author. Article History: Received 14 September 2015; Revised 18 July 2016; Accepted 26 July 2016
    Keywords: Wellbeing ; Ecosystem Services ; Natural Capital ; Social Capital ; Gpi ; Environmental Sciences ; Ecology ; Economics
    ISSN: 0921-8009
    E-ISSN: 1873-6106
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  • 7
    Language: English
    In: Ecological economics : the transdisciplinary journal of the International Society for Ecological Economics, 2016, pp. 350-355
    ISSN: 09218009
    Source: Deutsche Zentralbibliothek für Wirtschaftswissenschaften
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  • 8
    Language: Danish
    In: Cepra-Striben, 01 December 2017, Issue 22
    Description: Dagtilbud bruger i stigende grad redskaber til vurdering af børns udvikling i bestræbelserne på at sikre tidlige indsatser samt til at udvikle børns trivsel og den pædagogiske kvalitet i læringsmiljøerne. Samtidig opleves der uden for praksis flere steder en ureflekteret afstandtagen overfor alle vurderingsredskaber. Der skelnes ikke mellem nyere vurderingsredskabers enorme forskelle og især ikke mellem deres pædagogisk brugbarhed. I artiklen her præciseres nogle af de afgørende forskelle, der bør indgå i en faglig vurdering. Som eksempel på et nyere meget udbredt vurderingsredskab beskrives Kompetencehjulet, og hvordan dette bruges relations- og ressourceorienteret til udvikling af tidlig opsporing og øget kvalitet i dagtilbud.
    Keywords: Vurderingsredskaber ; Læreplans Temaer ; Resultatkvalitet ; Vurdering Af Kompetencer ; Virkningsevaluering ; Evalueringsmetoder ; Education
    ISSN: 1903-8143
    E-ISSN: 2445-818X
    Source: Directory of Open Access Journals (DOAJ)
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  • 9
    Language: English
    In: Journal of the American College of Cardiology, 05 April 2016, Vol.67(13), pp.1467-1467
    Description: To link to full-text access for this article, visit this link: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S0735-1097(16)31468-1 Byline: Jan Naar, Deborah A. Jaye, Cecilia Linde, Petr Neuzil, Petr Doskar, Filip Malek, Frieder Braunschweig, Lars Lund, Lars Mortensen, Bengt Linderoth, Goran Lind, Dianna Bone, Arthur Scholte, Aimee Pol, Fred Kueffer, Jodi Koehler, Kamibiz Shahgaldi, Otto Lang, Marcus Stahlberg Author Affiliation: Na Homolce Hospital, Prague, Czech Republic Article Note: (footnote) Poster Contributions Poster Area, South Hall A1 Sunday, April 03, 2016, 3:45 p.m.-4:30 p.m. Session Title: Novel Approaches to HFpEF and Other Common Dilemmas Abstract Category: 26. Heart Failure and Cardiomyopathies: Clinical Presentation Number: 1217-062
    Keywords: Medicine
    ISSN: 0735-1097
    E-ISSN: 1558-3597
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  • 10
    Language: English
    In: Polar Biology, 2014, Vol.37(8), pp.1073-1082
    Description: The high arctic is undergoing a faster change in climate than most other regions of the planet, with already observed ecological consequences. Combined with the characteristics of high-arctic ecosystems, such as low species redundancy, high seasonality and weather extremes, shifts in individual species performance and phenology may lead to altered interaction dynamics through trophic mismatch and cascades. An ecosystem approach is therefore desirable in the attempt to understand the multidimensional impacts of climate. Here, we present ecosystem-wide trend analyses of a long-term dataset on terrestrial and limnic biota with focus on the distribution of observed trends and associated variation across the ecosystem. We used 114 time series drawn from 11 abiotic variables, 19 terrestrial and 7 limnic biotic species/taxa and compared temporal trends, changes and abrupt shifts in the variation within and across the two biota. A total of 36 % of the time series analysed showed a significant trend during the study period with a higher frequency of trends occurring within performance variables. Overall, the changes tended to be negative, indicating advances in phenology but reduced species performance. General system variance was also higher in the limnic biota than in the terrestrial biota, both exhibiting increasing variance up through the trophic system. Overall, our results suggest that multiple biotic responses to the climatic changes in this high-arctic ecosystem are not synchronised across trophic levels and may differ qualitatively and quantitatively between terrestrial and limnic biota.
    Keywords: Arctic ecosystems ; Temporal variance ; Temporal trends ; Trophic interactions ; Zackenberg ; Greenland
    ISSN: 0722-4060
    E-ISSN: 1432-2056
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