Publications of the Astronomical Society of Japan, 2013, Vol. 65(6)
We report on photometric observations of two WZ Sge-type dwarf novae, MASTER OT J211258.65+242145.4 and MASTER OT J203749.39+552210.3, which underwent outbursts in 2012. Early superhumps were recorded in both systems. During the superoutburst plateau, ordinary superhumps with a period of 0.060291(4) d (MASTER J211258) and with 0.061368(11) d (MASTER J203749) on average were observed. MASTERJ211258 and MASTERJ203749 exhibited eight post-superoutburst rebrightenings and more than four, respectively. In the final part of the superoutburst, an increase in superhump period was seen in both systems. We made a survey of WZSge-type dwarf novae with multiple rebrightenings, and confirmed that the superhump periods of WZSge-type dwarf novae with multiple rebrightenings were longer than those of WZSge-type dwarf novae without a rebrightening. Although WZSge-type dwarf novae with multiple rebrightenings have been thought to be likely candidates for period bouncers based on their low mass ratio ( q ), inferred from the period of fully grown (stage B) superhumps, our new method of using the period of growing superhumps (stage A superhumps), however, implies higher q 's than those expected from stage B superhumps. These q values appear to be consistent with the duration of the stage A superoutbursts, which likely reflects the growth time of the 3W1 resonance. We present a working hypothesis that the small fractional superhump excesses for stage B superhumps in these systems may be explained by a gas pressure effect that works more efficiently in these systems than in ordinary SU UMa-type dwarf novae. This result forms a new picture that WZSge-type dwarf novae with multiple rebrightenings and SU UMa-type ones without a rebrightening (they are not period bouncers) are located in the same place on the evolutionary track.
Accretion, Accretion Disks ; Stars: Dwarf Novae ; Stars: Individual(Master Ot J211258. 65+242145. 4, Master Ot J203749. 39+552210. 3) ; Novae, Cataclysmic Variables