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Berlin Brandenburg

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  • 1
    Language: English
    In: The Journal of infectious diseases, November 2012, Vol.206(9), pp.1339-41
    Keywords: Candida Albicans -- Chemistry ; Candidiasis, Invasive -- Pathology ; Gastrointestinal Diseases -- Pathology ; Plaque, Amyloid -- Pathology ; Serum Amyloid P-Component -- Analysis
    ISSN: 00221899
    E-ISSN: 1537-6613
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  • 2
    Language: English
    In: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, 01 October 2013, Vol.110(40), pp.16115-20
    Description: Systemic amyloid A (AA) amyloidosis is a serious complication of chronic inflammation. Serum AA protein (SAA), an acute phase plasma protein, is deposited extracellularly as insoluble amyloid fibrils that damage tissue structure and function. Clinical AA amyloidosis is typically preceded by many years of active inflammation before presenting, most commonly with renal involvement. Using dose-dependent, doxycycline-inducible transgenic expression of SAA in mice, we show that AA amyloid deposition can occur independently of inflammation and that the time before amyloid deposition is determined by the circulating SAA concentration. High level SAA expression induced amyloidosis in all mice after a short, slightly variable delay. SAA was rapidly incorporated into amyloid, acutely reducing circulating SAA concentrations by up to 90%. Prolonged modest SAA overexpression occasionally produced amyloidosis after long delays and primed most mice for explosive amyloidosis when SAA production subsequently increased. Endogenous priming and bulk amyloid deposition are thus separable events, each sensitive to plasma SAA concentration. Amyloid deposits slowly regressed with restoration of normal SAA production after doxycycline withdrawal. Reinduction of SAA overproduction revealed that, following amyloid regression, all mice were primed, especially for rapid glomerular amyloid deposition leading to renal failure, closely resembling the rapid onset of renal failure in clinical AA amyloidosis following acute exacerbation of inflammation. Clinical AA amyloidosis rarely involves the heart, but amyloidotic SAA transgenic mice consistently had minor cardiac amyloid deposits, enabling us to extend to the heart the demonstrable efficacy of our unique antibody therapy for elimination of visceral amyloid.
    Keywords: 3rs ; Disease Model ; Amyloid -- Metabolism ; Amyloidosis -- Physiopathology ; Inflammation -- Complications ; Serum Amyloid A Protein -- Metabolism
    ISSN: 00278424
    E-ISSN: 1091-6490
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  • 3
    Language: English
    In: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, 28 January 2014, Vol.111(4), pp.1539-44
    Description: The Ser52Pro variant of transthyretin (TTR) produces aggressive, highly penetrant, autosomal-dominant systemic amyloidosis in persons heterozygous for the causative mutation. Together with a minor quantity of full-length wild-type and variant TTR, the main component of the ex vivo fibrils was the residue 49-127 fragment of the TTR variant, the portion of the TTR sequence that previously has been reported to be the principal constituent of type A, cardiac amyloid fibrils formed from wild-type TTR and other TTR variants [Bergstrom J, et al. (2005) J Pathol 206(2):224-232]. This specific truncation of Ser52Pro TTR was generated readily in vitro by limited proteolysis. In physiological conditions and under agitation the residue 49-127 proteolytic fragment rapidly and completely self-aggregates into typical amyloid fibrils. The remarkable susceptibility to such cleavage is likely caused by localized destabilization of the β-turn linking strands C and D caused by loss of the wild-type hydrogen-bonding network between the side chains of residues Ser52, Glu54, Ser50, and a water molecule, as revealed by the high-resolution crystallographic structure of Ser52Pro TTR. We thus provide a structural basis for the recently hypothesized, crucial pathogenic role of proteolytic cleavage in TTR amyloid fibrillogenesis. Binding of the natural ligands thyroxine or retinol-binding protein (RBP) by Ser52Pro variant TTR stabilizes the native tetrameric assembly, but neither protected the variant from proteolysis. However, binding of RBP, but not thyroxine, inhibited subsequent fibrillogenesis.
    Keywords: Misfolding ; Protein Aggregation ; Amyloid -- Metabolism ; Prealbumin -- Metabolism ; Proline -- Metabolism ; Serine -- Metabolism
    ISSN: 00278424
    E-ISSN: 1091-6490
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  • 4
    Language: English
    In: Amyloid, 16 March 2017, Vol.24, pp.5-6
    Keywords: Anatomy & Physiology
    ISSN: 1350-6129
    E-ISSN: 1744-2818
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  • 5
    Language: English
    In: Frontiers in Immunology, 01 October 2018, Vol.9
    Description: The phylogenetically ancient, pentraxin family of plasma proteins, comprises C-reactive protein (CRP) and serum amyloid P component (SAP) in humans and the homologous proteins in other species. They are composed of five, identical, non-covalently associated protomers arranged with cyclic pentameric...
    Keywords: Pentraxin ; C-Reactive Protein ; Serum Amyloid P Component ; Amyloidosis ; Drugs ; Miridesap ; Biology
    E-ISSN: 1664-3224
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  • 6
    Language: English
    In: Nature, 04 November 2010, Vol.468(7320), pp.93-7
    Description: Accumulation of amyloid fibrils in the viscera and connective tissues causes systemic amyloidosis, which is responsible for about one in a thousand deaths in developed countries. Localized amyloid can also have serious consequences; for example, cerebral amyloid angiopathy is an important cause of haemorrhagic stroke. The clinical presentations of amyloidosis are extremely diverse and the diagnosis is rarely made before significant organ damage is present. There is therefore a major unmet need for therapy that safely promotes the clearance of established amyloid deposits. Over 20 different amyloid fibril proteins are responsible for different forms of clinically significant amyloidosis and treatments that substantially reduce the abundance of the respective amyloid fibril precursor proteins can arrest amyloid accumulation. Unfortunately, control of fibril-protein production is not possible in some forms of amyloidosis and in others it is often slow and hazardous. There is no therapy that directly targets amyloid deposits for enhanced clearance. However, all amyloid deposits contain the normal, non-fibrillar plasma glycoprotein, serum amyloid P component (SAP). Here we show that administration of anti-human-SAP antibodies to mice with amyloid deposits containing human SAP triggers a potent, complement-dependent, macrophage-derived giant cell reaction that swiftly removes massive visceral amyloid deposits without adverse effects. Anti-SAP-antibody treatment is clinically feasible because circulating human SAP can be depleted in patients by the bis-d-proline compound CPHPC, thereby enabling injected anti-SAP antibodies to reach residual SAP in the amyloid deposits. The unprecedented capacity of this novel combined therapy to eliminate amyloid deposits should be applicable to all forms of systemic and local amyloidosis.
    Keywords: Amyloid -- Drug Effects ; Amyloidosis -- Prevention & Control ; Antibodies -- Immunology ; Serum Amyloid P-Component -- Antagonists & Inhibitors
    ISSN: 00280836
    E-ISSN: 1476-4687
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  • 7
    Language: English
    In: Arthritis & Rheumatism, January 2010, Vol.62(1), pp.245-249
    Description: OBJECTIVE: It has been reported that a single dose of human C-reactive protein (CRP) can prevent and reverse the renal damage in murine models of spontaneous lupus, as well as the rapid-onset immune complex disease induced in the accelerated nephrotoxic nephritis (ANTN) model. This study was undertaken to attempt to replicate these observations using a highly purified and fully characterized human CRP preparation.METHODS: (NZB x NZW)F(1) (NZB/NZW) mice were treated with a single 200-microg subcutaneous injection of CRP or control reagents either before disease onset at 4 months of age or when high-grade proteinuria was present at 7 months of age. Mice were monitored at least monthly for proteinuria and autoantibody levels. ANTN was induced by preimmunizing C57BL/6 mice with sheep IgG, followed 5 days later by injection of sheep anti-mouse glomerular basement membrane antibody and CRP or control reagents. Renal disease was assessed by regular urinalysis and histologic evaluation.RESULTS: CRP treatment of NZB/NZW mice, either early or late in the disease, had no effect on proteinuria, autoantibody titers, or survival. CRP administration did not reduce renal injury or alter disease in the ANTN model. Human serum amyloid P component, a pentraxin protein that is very closely related to CRP, similarly had no effect.CONCLUSION: Our completely negative observations do not confirm that human CRP has reproducible antiinflammatory or immunomodulatory effects in these murine models, nor do they support the suggestion that CRP might be useful for therapy of lupus or immune complex-mediated nephritis.
    Keywords: Medicine;
    ISSN: 0004-3591
    E-ISSN: 1529-0131
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  • 8
    In: The New England Journal of Medicine, 2012, Vol.366(24), pp.2276-2283
    Description: We describe a kindred with slowly progressive gastrointestinal symptoms and autonomic neuropathy caused by autosomal dominant, hereditary systemic amyloidosis. The amyloid consists of Asp76Asn variant β 2 -microglobulin. Unlike patients with dialysis-related amyloidosis caused by sustained high plasma concentrations of wild-type β 2 -microglobulin, the affected members of this kindred had normal renal function and normal circulating β 2 -microglobulin values. The Asp76Asn β 2 -microglobulin variant was thermodynamically unstable and remarkably fibrillogenic in vitro under physiological conditions. Previous studies of β 2 -microglobulin aggregation have not shown such amyloidogenicity for single-residue substitutions. Comprehensive biophysical characterization of the β 2 -microglobulin variant, including its 1.40-Å, three-dimensional structure, should allow further elucidation of fibrillogenesis and protein misfolding. A kindred with familial amyloidosis was found to have bowel and autonomic dysfunction and the sicca syndrome from an aspartate-to-asparagine alteration at amino acid 76 of β2-microglobulin. Unexpectedly, this alteration promoted fibrillogenesis and tissue deposition. Summary We describe a kindred with slowly progressive gastrointestinal symptoms and autonomic neuropathy caused by autosomal dominant, hereditary systemic amyloidosis. The amyloid consists of Asp76Asn variant β2-microglobulin. Unlike patients with dialysis-related amyloidosis caused by sustained high plasma concentrations of wild-type β2-microglobulin, the affected members of this kindred had normal renal function and normal circulating β2-microglobulin values. The Asp76Asn β2-microglobulin variant was thermodynamically unstable and remarkably fibrillogenic in vitro under physiological conditions. Previous studies of β2-microglobulin aggregation have not shown such amyloidogenicity for single-residue substitutions. Comprehensive biophysical characterization of the β . . .
    Keywords: Amyloidosis, Familial -- Genetics ; Beta 2-Microglobulin -- Genetics;
    ISSN: 0028-4793
    E-ISSN: 1533-4406
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  • 9
    Language: English
    In: Annals of internal medicine, 02 April 2002, Vol.136(7), pp.550-2
    Description: Increased blood levels of C-reactive protein may be a marker of cardiovascular disease in women. C-reactive protein is produced during inflammation, and research indicates that cardiovascular disease may involve inflammation inside arteries.
    Keywords: C-Reactive Protein -- Metabolism ; Cardiovascular Diseases -- Blood ; Neoplasms -- Blood
    ISSN: 00034819
    E-ISSN: 1539-3704
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  • 10
    Language: English
    In: The Journal of Allergy and Clinical Immunology, 2009, Vol.123(3), pp.718-720
    Description: Apart from his family, his work was his life. [...]the day he died, he was devoted to being a physician and a scientist, uncovering the secrets of nature for the benefit of patients. [...]he entered the then newly opened Witwatersrand Medical School in Johannesburg at the age of 15.
    Keywords: Medicine
    ISSN: 0091-6749
    E-ISSN: 1097-6825
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