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  • 1
    Online Resource
    Online Resource
    Braunschweig : Thünen-Institut, Bundesforschungsinstitut für Ländliche Räume, Wald und Fischerei
    UID:
    (DE-603)416414052
    Format: Online-Ressource
    Series Statement: Thünen Working Paper 74
    Language: English
    Library Location Call Number Volume/Issue/Year Availability
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  • 2
    Online Resource
    Online Resource
    Nuremberg : Institute for Employment Research of the Federal Employment Agency
    UID:
    (DE-627)1002736919
    Format: 1 Online-Ressource (circa 44 Seiten) , Illustrationen
    Series Statement: IAB-discussion paper 2017, 31
    Content: We show for Germany that labor productivity as reflected in wage is, ceteris paribus, higher for workers who previously acquired work experience in rather urban labor markets with a large local workforce than in rather rural labor markets which are small in terms of regional employment. Our empirical analysis provides new evidence on the magnitude of these dynamic agglomeration gains by estimating the elasticity of wages with regard to the (cumulated) size of the local labor markets in which workers acquired experience. It shows that this elasticity increases with the level of individual experience to more than 0.06 implying that today's wage of a worker with 20 years of experience or more would be about four to five percent higher if the worker would have gained all his or her experience in local labor markets double the size of the labor markets in which he or she actually was working in the past. These identified dynamic agglomeration gains are supposed to be related to learning externalities. The analysis uses information on individual employment biographies and regional employment from 1975 onwards. The wage information refers to more than 300,000 entry wages of new employment relationships in Germany in the period 2005 to 2011. The depreciation of human capital is taken into account and that high-skilled workers presumably are the ones other workers learn the most from.
    Content: Mit dieser Studie zeigen wir für Deutschland, dass der heutige Arbeitslohn einer Person, ein Indikator für die individuelle Arbeitsproduktivität, unabhängig davon, wo eine Person heute tätig ist, ceteris paribus signifikant höher ist, wenn die Person in der Vergangenheit Arbeitserfahrung in großen, also eher städtischen statt in kleinen, eher ländlichen Arbeitsmärkten gesammelt hat, wobei wir die Arbeitsmarktgröße anhand der Beschäftigtenzahl messen. Die vorliegende Arbeit liefert neue Erkenntnisse über die Größe dieser dynamischen Agglomerationsvorteile, die mutmaßlich auf Lernexternalitäten in großen Arbeitsmärkten zurückzuführen sind. Es wird die Elastizität individueller Löhne hinsichtlich der (kumulierten) Größe der regionalen Arbeitsmärke geschätzt, in denen zuvor Arbeitserfahrung gesammelt wurde. Ein zentrales Ergebnis ist, dass diese Elastizität im Erwerbsverlauf mit der Dauer vorheriger Beschäftigungszeiten bis zu einem Niveau von über 0,06 ansteigt. Folglich wäre der individuelle Lohn einer Arbeitskraft mit 20 Jahren Arbeitserfahrung oder mehr heute um vier bis fünf Prozent höher, hätte die Person die Arbeitserfahrung in regionalen Arbeitsmärkten gesammelt, die doppelt so groß hinsichtlich lokaler Beschäftigung gewesen wären wie die Arbeitsmärkte, in denen die Person tatsächlich gearbeitet hat. Die Analyse beruht auf Informationen zu individuellen Arbeitsmarktbiografien und regionaler Beschäftigung in Deutschland ab 1975. Die Lohninformation bezieht sich auf Löhne, die zu Beginn von mehr als 300.000 im Zeitraum 2005 bis 2011 begonnenen neuen Beschäftigungsverhätnissen in Deutschland gezahlt wurden. Es wird berücksichtigt, dass erworbene Kenntnisse und Fähigkeiten im Zeitverlauf an Wert verlieren und dass Arbeitskräfte mutmaßlich insbesondere von hochqualifizierten Personen lernen.
    Note: Zusammenfassung in deutscher Sprache
    Language: English
    Keywords: Arbeitspapier ; Graue Literatur
    URL: Volltext  (kostenfrei)
    URL: Volltext  (kostenfrei)
    URL: Volltext  (kostenfrei)
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  • 3
    Online Resource
    Online Resource
    Kiel : Universität, Department of Economics
    UID:
    (DE-627)896596877
    Format: 1 Online-Ressource (circa 27 Seiten) , Illustrationen
    Edition: slightly revised version
    Series Statement: Economics working paper / Christian-Albrechts-Universität Kiel, Department of Economics no 2016, 10 rev.
    Content: In Germany, as in many other European countries, there will be a shift in the workforce age structure in the next decades. The number of older workers will increase, and the number of younger and middle aged workers will decline. This paper provides evidence how the shift in the relative labor supply affects labor productivity, taking into account that differently aged workers are suggested to be imperfect substitutes. Using a cross sectional linked employer-employee data set from 2012, translog cost functions are estimated. To control for the skill level of the workers a nested production structure is applied. This allows to analyze age complementarities within groups of workers that have a comparable skill level. Based on the estimated parameters, pairwise elasticities of complementarity and factor price elasticities are computed. The results indicate that workers that belong to different age groups are complementary factors. But the degree of complementarity differs, depending on the age and the skill level of the workers. The complementarities especially arise between younger and middle aged workers. The highest degree of complementarity is observed between younger and middle aged high skilled labor. Simulating how the expected shift in the age structure affects labor productivity indicates that the productivity of younger and middle aged workers will increase. In contrast, the productivity of older workers will significantly decline caused by their increasing share in the workforce.
    Language: English
    Keywords: Arbeitspapier ; Graue Literatur
    URL: Volltext  (kostenfrei)
    URL: Volltext  (kostenfrei)
    URL: Volltext  (kostenfrei)
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  • 4
    Online Resource
    Online Resource
    Kiel : Universität, Department of Economics
    UID:
    (DE-627)865221464
    Format: 1 Online-Ressource (circa 27 Seiten) , Illustrationen
    Series Statement: Economics working paper / Christian-Albrechts-Universität Kiel, Department of Economics no 2016-10
    Content: In Germany, as in many other European countries, there will be a shift in the workforce age structure in the next decades. The number of older workers will increase, and the number of younger and middle aged workers will decline. This paper provides evidence how the shift in the relative labor supply affects labor productivity, taking into account that differently aged workers are suggested to be imperfect substitutes. Using a cross sectional linked employer-employee data set from 2012, translog cost functions are estimated. To control for the skill level of the workers a nested production structure is applied. This allows to analyze age complementarities within groups of workers that have a comparable skill level. Based on the estimated parameters, pairwise elasticities of complementarity and factor price elasticities are computed. The results indicate that workers that belong to different age groups are complementary factors. But the degree of complementarity differs, depending on the age and the skill level of the workers. The complementarities especially arise between younger and middle aged workers. The highest degree of complementarity is observed between younger and middle aged high skilled labor. Simulating how the expected shift in the age structure affects labor productivity indicates that the productivity of younger and middle aged workers will increase. In contrast, the productivity of older workers will significantly decline caused by their increasing share in the workforce.
    Language: English
    Keywords: Arbeitspapier ; Graue Literatur
    Library Location Call Number Volume/Issue/Year Availability
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  • 5
    Online Resource
    Online Resource
    Kiel : Universität, Department of Economics
    UID:
    (DE-627)865221650
    Format: 1 Online-Ressource (circa 47 Seiten) , Illustrationen
    Series Statement: Economics working paper / Christian-Albrechts-Universität Kiel, Department of Economics no 2016-11
    Content: This paper provides empirical evidence that individual labor productivity significantly depends on the size of the local labor market in which a worker previously acquired work experience. The analysis uses German micro data from the Institute for Employment Research (IAB) on transitions to employment within the period 2005 to 2011 and individual employment biographies from 1975 onwards. Analyzing the wages associated with the newly established employment relationships, suggests that dynamic agglomeration economies in general, and learning externalities in particular, play an important role in explaining individual labor productivity. Workers receive a significantly higher wage after acquiring experience in urban than in non-urban labor markets. Doubling local employment in all labor markets where experience was acquired, increases the productivity of a worker with two years of work experience by more than 0.7 percent. After 10 years of experience the corresponding gain amounts to about three percent, after 30 years to about four to five percent. A key factor seems to be an above average share of high-skilled labor within large urban labor markets which is supposed to enhance local learning opportunities.
    Language: English
    Keywords: Arbeitspapier ; Graue Literatur
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  • 6
    UID:
    (DE-101)1142154750
    Format: Online-Ressource
    Note: Dissertation Kiel, Christian-Albrechts-Universität 2016
    Language: English
    Keywords: Hochschulschrift
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  • 7
    UID:
    (DE-627)102794695X
    Format: 1 Online-Ressource (circa 44 Seiten) , Illustrationen
    Series Statement: Cities & regions : smart, sustainable, inclusive? : European Regional Science Association Congress 2016 : 56th Congress : 23-26 August 2016, Vienna, Austria
    Content: It is well known that wages in large cities are higher than elsewhere. There is only little empirical evidence on the mechanisms behind this phenomena. One channel, that is discussed in the literature, is learning. Provided that individuals learn by interacting with one another, an urban wage growth premium arises if a large labor market increases the speed of interactions between individuals (Glaeser, 1999). To analyze dynamic agglomeration benefits and the importance of learning effects, this paper makes use of a micro econometric framework described by Combes and Gobillon (2015), extents the work by De la Roca and Puga (2013) and, in contrast to previous papers, provides a consistent estimate of the elasticity between wages and the size of the labor market where experience was acquired. The analyzed wages refer to new employment relationships. They indicate how firms value working experience depending on the location where it was acquired. By including fixed effects and further control variables at both, the individual as well as the regional level, endogeneity is reduced. The paper also analyzes whether the value of experience depends not only on the size of the labor market where experience was acquired, but also on the size of the labor market where it is used. The analysis bases on a 5 percent sample of the Integrated Employment Biographies (IEB) of the Institute for Employment Research (IAB) and contains detailed information on the employment biographies from 1975 onwards for a sample of about 350,000 individuals with at least one new employment relationship in Germany between 2005 and 2011. The results indicate that experience acquired in large local labor markets has in fact a significantly higher valued than experience acquired in small labor markets. The elasticity has a fixed component and a component that depends on the size of the labor market where experience is used. The fixed component (about 0.07) points out, that experience acquired in large labor markets is in all regions valued higher than experience acquired in small labor markets. This supports the interpretation that workers learn more by working in large than in small labor markets, and that at least part of the accumulated knowledge are transferable to other regions. The second component suggests that the value of experience increases additionally with the size of the labor market where experience is used. One reasonable explanation is a combination of learning and matching effects. Since jobs in large labor markets are more specialized than jobs elsewhere, workers that worked in a large labor market accumulated knowledge that refers to the "core task" of a job. The wage premium for this knowledge is supposed to be larger in large labor markets, since it is more likely there than in a smaller labor market, that a firm demands this specific knowledge. Moreover, workers moving from a large to a small labor market may lose since the new job contains a wider range of tasks.
    Language: English
    Keywords: Graue Literatur ; Kongressbeitrag
    URL: Volltext  (kostenfrei)
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  • 8
    Online Resource
    Online Resource
    Braunschweig : Thünen-Institut, Bundesforschungsinstitut für Ländliche Räume, Wald und Fischerei
    UID:
    (DE-101)133331132X
    Format: Online-Ressource
    Series Statement: Zahlen & Fakten zur Wirtschaft in ländlichen Räumen 01/2024
    Language: German
    Library Location Call Number Volume/Issue/Year Availability
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  • 9
    UID:
    (DE-603)419735224
    Format: Online-Ressource
    Note: Dissertation Kiel, Christian-Albrechts-Universität 2016
    Language: English
    Keywords: Hochschulschrift
    Library Location Call Number Volume/Issue/Year Availability
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  • 10
    Online Resource
    Online Resource
    Braunschweig : Johann Heinrich von Thünen-Institut
    UID:
    (DE-627)896285847
    Format: 1 Online-Ressource (52 Seiten) , Illustrationen
    Series Statement: Thünen working paper 74
    Content: We show for Germany that labor productivity as reflected in wage is, ceteris paribus, higher for workers who previously acquired work experience in rather urban labor markets with a large local workforce than in rather rural labor markets which are small in terms of regional employment. Our empirical analysis provides new evidence on the magnitude of these dynamic agglomeration gains by estimating the elasticity of wages with regard to the (cumulated) size of the local labor markets in which workers acquired experience. It shows that this elasticity increases with the level of individual experience to more than 0.06 implying that today’s wage of a worker with 20 years of experience or more would be about four to five percent higher if the worker would have gained all his or her experience in local labor markets double the size of the labor markets in which he or she actually was working in the past. These identified dynamic agglomeration gains are supposed to be related to learning externalities. The analysis uses information on individual employment biographies and regional employment from 1975 onwards. The wage information refers to more than 300,000 entry wages of new employment relationships in Germany in the period 2005 to 2011. The depreciation of human capital is taken into account and that high-skilled workers presumably are the ones other workers learn the most from.
    Content: Mit dieser Studie zeigen wir für Deutschland, dass der heutige Arbeitslohn einer Person, ein Indikator für die individuelle Arbeitsproduktivität, unabhängig davon, wo eine Person heute tätig ist, ceteris paribus signifikant höher ist, wenn die Person in der Vergangenheit Arbeitserfahrung in großen, also eher städtischen statt in kleinen, eher ländlichen Arbeitsmärkten gesammelt hat, wobei wir die Arbeitsmarktgröße anhand der Beschäftigtenzahl messen. Die vorliegende Arbeit liefert neue Erkenntnisse über die Größe dieser dynamischen Agglomerationsvorteile, die mutmaßlich auf Lernexternalitäten in großen Arbeitsmärkten zurückzuführen sind. Es wird die Elastizität individueller Löhne hinsichtlich der (kumulierten) Größe der regionalen Arbeitsmärke geschätzt, in denen zuvor Arbeitserfahrung gesammelt wurde. Ein zentrales Ergebnis ist, dass diese Elastizität im Erwerbsverlauf mit der Dauer vorheriger Beschäftigungszeiten bis zu einem Niveau von über 0,06 ansteigt. Folglich wäre der individuelle Lohn einer Arbeitskraft mit 20 Jahren Arbeitserfahrung oder mehr heute um vier bis fünf Prozent höher, hätte die Person die Arbeitserfahrung in regionalen Arbeitsmärkten gesammelt, die doppelt so groß hinsichtlich lokaler Beschäftigung gewesen wären wie die Arbeitsmärkte, in denen die Person tatsächlich gearbeitet hat. Die Analyse beruht auf Informationen zu individuellen Arbeitsmarktbiografien und regionaler Beschäftigung in Deutschland ab 1975. Die Lohninformation bezieht sich auf Löhne, die zu Beginn von mehr als 300.000 im Zeitraum 2005 bis 2011 begonnenen neuen Beschäftigungsverhätnissen in Deutschland gezahlt wurden. Es wird berücksichtigt, dass erworbene Kenntnisse und Fähigkeiten im Zeitverlauf anWert verlieren und dass Arbeitskräfte mutmaßlich insbesondere von hochqualifizierten Personen lernen.
    Note: Zusammenfassung in deutscher Sprache
    Language: English
    Keywords: Arbeitspapier ; Graue Literatur
    URL: Volltext  (kostenfrei)
    Library Location Call Number Volume/Issue/Year Availability
    BibTip Others were also interested in ...
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