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  • 1
    Language: English
    In: Science (New York, N.Y.), 30 March 2012, Vol.335(6076), pp.1584-5
    Description: Mechanical resonators find widespread applications as precision force sensors, the most prominent example being the atomic force microscope (AFM). Coupling the vibrations of a mechanical resonator to a fully controlled, microscopic quantum system such...
    Keywords: Quantum Physics ; Vibration Analysis;
    ISSN: 00368075
    E-ISSN: 1095-9203
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  • 2
    Language: English
    In: Nature, 8/2018, Vol.560(7716), pp.133-134
    Description: [...]some of us discover during our PhDs that in our dream job, the emphasis would be on using interpersonal and communication skills, having a more immediate impact on society or gaining financial rewards, job security or family-friendly working hours. When I was involved in organizing the 2016 Medical...
    Keywords: United Kingdom–UK ; Research ; Internships ; Students ; Conferences ; Careers ; Supervisors ; Work Environment ; Immunology ; Extracurricular Activities ; Researchers ; Seminars ; Employment ; Employers ; Skills ; Oxford University;
    ISSN: 0028-0836
    E-ISSN: 1476-4687
    Source: Nature Publishing Group (via CrossRef)
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  • 3
    Language: English
    In: Nature, August 2018, Vol.560(7716), pp.133-134
    Description: Here's how PhD students can prepare for different careers, and how lab heads can help. Here's how PhD students can prepare for different careers, and how lab heads can help.
    Keywords: Careers ; Institutions ; Lab Life ; Academic Success ; Career Choice ; Mentoring ; Mentors ; Education, Graduate -- Methods ; Research Personnel -- Psychology ; Students -- Psychology
    ISSN: 00280836
    E-ISSN: 1476-4687
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  • 4
    Language: English
    In: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, 24 May 2016, Vol.113(21), pp.5771-3
    Description: Author contributions: P.S. wrote the paper.
    Keywords: Decision Making ; Reaction Time
    ISSN: 00278424
    E-ISSN: 1091-6490
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  • 5
    Language: English
    In: Social Indicators Research, 2013, Vol.113(1), pp.133-157
    Description: The objective of sustainability measurement is to move environmental decision making toward more rigorous, quantitative and empirical foundations. One of the most comprehensive attempts to lay out the foundations for sustainability measurement has been offered by the Environmental Sustainability Index (ESI). This paper aims to advance the science of sustainability measurement by assessing the validity and reliability of this composite index in order to provide new insights for future indicator development. The architecture of the ESI is validated against the Pressure-State-Response (PSR) model, after which an exploratory factor analysis is conducted to reveal the latent structure of the index. Further, the performance of the ESI is tested in cross-national regression models. The results indicate a lack of consistency with the well established PSR model and a potential bias towards economically developed countries grounded in the architecture and weighting mechanism of the index. A re-weighted index (Equivalised ESI) is constructed, resulting in a new ranking of countries’ sustainability. The Equivalised ESI improves the measurement qualities of the index, and in so doing actually reinforces the rich-country bias of the ESI. Put differently, the Equivalised ESI brings the deficiencies of the original ESI to the fore. This paper illustrates that there are serious conceptual problems and validity concerns with defining the ESI as a sustainability measure. Taken together, the findings reinforce the need to reconsider future foundations of sustainability measurement in order to ensure that it is clear both what is being measured and how well.
    Keywords: Sustainability measurement ; Environmental Sustainability Index (ESI) ; Pressure-State-Response model ; Sustainability indicators ; Environmental indicators
    ISSN: 0303-8300
    E-ISSN: 1573-0921
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  • 6
    In: International Affairs, July 2015, Vol.91(4), pp.889-890
    Description: To purchase or authenticate to the full-text of this article, please visit this link: http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/1468-2346.12362/abstract Byline: Philipp Lepenies ***** No abstract is available for this article. *****
    Keywords: Violence;
    ISSN: 0020-5850
    E-ISSN: 1468-2346
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  • 7
    Language: English
    In: Journal of Economic Behavior and Organization, July 2012, Vol.83(2), pp.209-217
    Description: ► An economic model of child development with multiple stages is considered. ► There is incomplete information. ► Hence, parents are not able to tailor their investments to their child's type when the child is young. ► Incomplete information strengthens the importance of early investments in children when substitution of inter-stage investments is difficult. We model child development as a multi-stage investment problem, where the child's specific ability is unknown at the early stage of childhood and learnt at the late stage. We show that this form of incomplete information weakens the importance of early investments in children if inter-stage investments are easily substitutable, but strengthens their importance if substitution is difficult. The latter case is empirically relevant. We also derive interesting comparative statics and discuss the policy implications.
    Keywords: Skill Formation ; Education ; Incomplete Information ; Education ; Business
    ISSN: 0167-2681
    E-ISSN: 1879-1751
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  • 8
    Language: English
    In: Journal of Economic Behavior & Organization, Jan, 2013, Vol.85, p.191(16)
    Description: To link to full-text access for this article, visit this link: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jebo.2012.04.005 Byline: Philipp Sturm Keywords: Banks; Event study; Operational risk; Reputational risk Abstract: In this paper I study the stock market reaction to the announcement of operational losses in European financial companies. Accounting for the effect of the nominal loss amount allows for an examination of the reputational damage caused by operational loss events. The analysis is based on a sample of 136 operational losses stemming from a database of the Association of German Public Sector Banks (Bundesverband offentlicher Banken, VOB). All operational loss events affect European financial institutions with settlements reported by the press between January 2000 and December 2009. In line with previous literature, I find a significant negative stock price reaction to the first press announcement of operational losses. Results show that the stock market also reacts negatively to the settlement announcement as losses are confirmed and the loss amount is known. Even after accounting for the nominal loss amount, cumulative abnormal returns are negative following the date of the initial news article and the settlement date indicating damages to the reputation of the firm suffering the operational loss. Multivariate regression results suggest that reputational damages are rather influenced by firm characteristics than characteristics of the operational loss event: companies with a high ratio of liabilities to total assets suffer more severe damages to reputation from operational losses than companies with more equity. Author Affiliation: Department of Banking, University of Tubingen, Mohlstra[sz]e 36, 72074 Tubingen, Germany Article History: Received 19 August 2011; Revised 17 February 2012; Accepted 13 April 2012 Article Note: (footnote) [star] I would like to thank Werner Neus for his ongoing support and helpful comments. The paper has also benefited from the comments of two anonymous referees, Kartik Anand, Sven Bornemann, Felix Noth, Frederik Hesse, participants of the Conference on Financial Sector Performance & Risk 2011 in Bangor, the VHB Annual Congress 2011 in Kaiserslautern, the International Risk Management Conference 2011 in Amsterdam, the XI. GEABA conference 2010 in Frankfurt, the International PhD Seminar 2010 in Obergurgl, and the Workshop on Banking 2010 in Muenster.
    Keywords: Banking Industry ; Bank Management ; Risk Management ; Stock Markets
    ISSN: 0167-2681
    Source: Cengage Learning, Inc.
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  • 9
    Language: English
    In: Social Science & Medicine, February 2016, Vol.151, pp.19-26
    Description: Whereas the view that retirement would have negative effects on health is widespread, many existing studies may be biased because they do not sufficiently take into account the issue of reverse causation. Using a large longitudinal dataset for twelve Western European countries, this study uses an instrumental variables approach to assess effects of retirement on health. Longitudinal data for the years 2009–2012 for 75,722 men and 63,911 women from twelve Western European countries are derived from the European Union Statistics on Income and Living Conditions. Health outcomes used in this study are self-rated health, activity limitations and chronic conditions. Country- and sex-specific early- and full-pension ages are used as instruments. Models were stratified by sex as well as educational levels to assess potential effect heterogeneity. Results obtained from conventional random-effects models suggest that retired men and women have higher chances of reporting bad self-rated health, activity limitations as well as chronic conditions. However, using an instrumental variables (IV) approach the results suggest that retirement can lead to health improvements in self-reported health as well as activity limitations among men and women. The health improvements associated with retirement among men and women exist across all educational levels. Contrary to several previous studies, the results suggest that retirement may have health preserving effects. The positive effects of retirement and health exist for low as well as high educated men and women.
    Keywords: Retirement ; Health ; Europe ; Instrumental Variables ; Education ; Medicine ; Education ; Social Sciences (General) ; Public Health
    ISSN: 0277-9536
    E-ISSN: 1873-5347
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  • 10
    Language: English
    In: Science (New York, N.Y.), 20 December 2013, Vol.342(6165), pp.1460-1
    Description: Since its initial description in 1995 (1), few molecules in metabolism research have received as much continued interest as adiponectin. The focus of more than 12,000 publications, this adipokine has been widely studied in preclinical and clinical settings under a variety of physiological and pathophysiological conditions (2). Adiponectin is produced by adipocytes and released into circulation. It is considered protective, based on the potent insulin-sensitizing, antilipotoxic, anti-apoptotic, and anti-inflammatory actions it exerts on different cell types. These compelling effects marked adiponectin as a possible drug target for diabetes and other obesity-associated diseases. The long wait for a small-molecule agonist for adiponectin receptors may soon be over. Okada-Iwabu et al. (3) have identified a compound that is an adiponectin receptor agonist in rodent and cell culture models. It represents an important step toward filling an unmet clinical need for additional therapeutic options against diabetes, obesity, and other associated disorders.
    Keywords: Molecular Targeted Therapy ; Adiponectin -- Biosynthesis ; Anti-Obesity Agents -- Pharmacology ; Hypoglycemic Agents -- Pharmacology ; Piperidines -- Pharmacology ; Receptors, Adiponectin -- Agonists
    ISSN: 00368075
    E-ISSN: 1095-9203
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