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  • 1
    Language: English
    In: International Journal of Business and Social Science, Oct, 2010, p.49(18)
    Description: This paper examines issues surrounding the retention of both host country nationals and expatriates in a research setting dominated by expatriate workers. For both categories of employees, the turnover was considered high as were the cost impacts of this. There were equity issues associated with each group and these arose from differing sources. The sources of the resentment felt by each group also differed and this in turn was related to turnover intention. Data for the study was collected by both questionnaire and from focus group participation and it was this data that provided both the basis for statistical analysis and then the interpretation or meaning associated with the results. The paper concludes with a discussion of the implications for management and government policy setters. A number of potential solutions are identified as are opportunities for further research. Key Words: Perceived Inequity, Resentment, Organizational Commitment, Turnover Intention, Communication, Government Policy.
    Keywords: Expatriation -- Research ; Employee Turnover -- Research ; Employee Retention -- Research ; Foreign Labor -- Research
    ISSN: 2219-1933
    Source: Cengage Learning, Inc.
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  • 2
    Language: English
    In: Mechanical Engineering-CIME, Oct, 2008, Vol.130(10), p.9(1)
    ISSN: 0025-6501
    Source: Cengage Learning, Inc.
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  • 3
    Language: English
    In: Advanced Engineering Informatics, 2008, Vol.22(2), pp.145-146
    Keywords: Applied Sciences
    ISSN: 1474-0346
    E-ISSN: 1873-5320
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  • 4
    Language: English
    In: Journal of General Management, June 2002, Vol.27(4), pp.63-78
    Description: Existing models of marketing strategy that were effective in the past are nearly obsolete in the intensity of today's fast-paced competition. Models of business system have essentially three purposes: as a framework within which one can take measurements, for decision support, and for explanation or theory building. The research literature emphasizes the importance of the choice of variables and parameters in a model, since they define the language of the model and hence the concepts within which a model is framed. In this paper, the authors make the case that the descrete and static variables currently used in three strategic marketing analysis and planning models - Ansoff's Product-Market Expansion Grid Model, the Market Segmentation Model and the Distribution Model - although useful in some circumstances, are of limited use in the modern dynamic business environment. The authors redefine the descrete and static variables to be continuous and dynamic, and integrate them into the format of the well-known models. The rephrasing of the models is shown, with examples of companies whose behaviour reflects the changes suggested in the models.
    Keywords: Business
    ISSN: 0306-3070
    E-ISSN: 1759-6106
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  • 5
    Language: English
    In: International Journal of Manufacturing Technology and Management, July 3, 2003, Vol.3(4-5), p.384
    Description: Byline: Daniel Vekstein, Kenneth Preiss While the literature suggests many causes for the dynamics of supply chains, the so-called "bullwhip effect", this paper focuses only on the effect of time delays in the flow of ordering information. We examine this effect in a supply chain in which its members, aiming at increasing their responsiveness to customer demand, have the option of coordinating their transactions using one of two canonic topologies of information structure; one serial with attendant local transfer of ordering information, and the other parallel with attendant global information transfer. Using computer simulation experiments on each topology of the supply chain, we analyse the effects of time delays in the transfer of information between chain members, on the material flow moving downstream in the chain. The effects are quantified in terms of the variability of material flows along the chain, the individual response of chain members to customer demand, and the overall performance of the chain in meeting customer demand. We characterise both models by the same production and shipping lead times, but with varying time delays in inter-organisational information transfer, while controlling for time delays in the transfer of information within the organisation of each member of the chain. Our results show that in the serial system, there is a time delay below which the behaviour of the system is damped, and above which it oscillates. This is termed the crossover delay. Its value decreases as one moves upstream from customer to suppliers. To ensure damped behaviour, the lower tier suppliers must receive information with less delay than the upper tier suppliers. If even one supplier suffers a time delay exceeding the crossover delay, the entire system oscillates. For a parallel system, with global ordering information, the crossover time delay is at a much higher value than for the serial system. Furthermore, the parallel structure shows a fundamentally more damped behaviour than the serial system. It is thus an easier management task to maintain a parallel system in damped mode, compared with a serial system.
    Keywords: Just In Time Systems -- Analysis ; Inventory Control -- Methods
    ISSN: 1368-2148
    Source: Cengage Learning, Inc.
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  • 6
    Language: English
    In: Int. J. of Entrepreneurship and Innovation Management, 2003, Vol 3 Issue 3, pp 197 - 210
    Description: Innovation creation and diffusion through entrepreneurial ventures are important drivers of national economies. Despite this, the innovation creation and commercialisation process at the individual or small enterprise level within Australia is often inhibited by taxation and non-competitive legislative constraints. On the other hand, the corporate entity is often in a powerful position to reap the benefits from the efforts of the individual. This position of power has been entrenched by government legislation concerning employment and taxation. Tax breaks are available to corporate entities that are not available, on a pro-rata basis, to the individual. In addition, federal legislation provides tax breaks to corporations for innovation creation inputs, such as research and development (R&D) expenditure, yet it would seem more effective to offer tax breaks on the generation of revenues which are the outputs of the innovation creation and commercialisation process. An innovation creation and commercialisation model is proposed that takes into account the intra-organisational, as well as external, factors that support or impede the overall innovation process.
    Keywords: innovation; entrepreneurship; intrapreneurship; taxation and legislative impediments; small businesses; Australia.
    ISSN: 1368-275X
    ISSN: 1368275X
    ISSN: 1741-5098
    ISSN: 17415098
    E-ISSN: 1741-5098
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  • 7
    Language: English
    In: Journal of Knowledge Management, 01 March 1999, Vol.3(1), pp.36-46
    Description: The context of this paper is knowledge as applied to organizations and processes which need to generate a financial income stream, whether for-profit or not-for-profit. Such organizations in the past were usually at arm's length, operating static (not time-dependent) work processes. Today, such organizations usually work in very close interaction. This creates a single system of linked nodes of organizations, working in a dynamic regime, even though each node may be a separate legal entity. For such a dynamic linked system, one monitors and measures performance by monitoring and analyzing flow rates and accelerations. The paper shows the three major flows of such a system, which are the flows of money, goods and services, and knowledge. Results of research into such linked and dynamic processes over the last decade are presented in a way which sets the stage for detailed quantitative analyses of the flow rates of knowledge and of the impact of the knowledge flow rate on the flow of money into an organization.
    Keywords: Agility ; Extended Enterprise ; Interprise ; Knowledge Dynamics ; Knowledge Flows ; Business
    ISSN: 1367-3270
    E-ISSN: 1758-7484
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  • 8
    Article
    Article
    De Gruyter
    In: Journal for Manufacturing Science and Production, 2000, Vol.3(2), pp.181-188
    ISSN: 0793-6648
    E-ISSN: 2191-0375
    Source: Walter de Gruyter GmbH
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  • 9
    Language: English
    In: Small Enterprise Research, 01 January 1998, Vol.6(2), pp.59-72
    Description: An investigation was conducted into how an SME owner and two of his female agent salespersons cognitively framed their respective business worlds. A comparison of the cognitive complexity, in the structure of the core competencies necessary...
    Keywords: Business
    ISSN: 1321-5906
    E-ISSN: 2204-230X
    E-ISSN: 11750979
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  • 10
    Language: English
    In: Int. J. of Manufacturing Technology and Management, 2002, Vol 4 Issue 5, pp 384-400
    Description: While the literature suggests many causes for the dynamics of supply chains, the so-called ''bullwhip effect'', this paper focuses only on the effect of time delays in the flow of ordering information. We examine this effect in a supply chain in which its members, aiming at increasing their responsiveness to customer demand, have the option of coordinating their transactions using one of two canonic topologies of information structure; one serial with attendant local transfer of ordering information, and the other parallel with attendant global information transfer. Using computer simulation experiments on each topology of the supply chain, we analyse the effects of time delays in the transfer of information between chain members, on the material flow moving downstream in the chain. The effects are quantified in terms of the variability of material flows along the chain, the individual response of chain members to customer demand, and the overall performance of the chain in meeting customer demand. We characterise both models by the same production and shipping lead times, but with varying time delays in inter-organisational information transfer, while controlling for time delays in the transfer of information within the organisation of each member of the chain. Our results show that in the serial system, there is a time delay below which the behaviour of the system is damped, and above which it oscillates. This is termed the crossover delay. Its value decreases as one moves upstream from customer to suppliers. To ensure damped behaviour, the lower tier suppliers must receive information with less delay than the upper tier suppliers. If even one supplier suffers a time delay exceeding the crossover delay, the entire system oscillates. For a parallel system, with global ordering information, the crossover time delay is at a much higher value than for the serial system. Furthermore, the parallel structure shows a fundamentally more damped behaviour than the serial system. It is thus an easier management task to maintain a parallel system in damped mode, compared with a serial system.
    Keywords: time delay; bullwhip effect; information structure; supply chain; computer simulation; just-in-time.
    ISSN: 1368-2148
    ISSN: 13682148
    ISSN: 1741-5195
    ISSN: 17415195
    E-ISSN: 1741-5195
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