Biomacromolecules, 12 March 2018, Vol.19(3), pp.838-848
The behavior upon immersion in water of two types of starchy materials of biomedical relevance, amorphous potato starch and glycerol-plasticized potato starch, is analyzed in depth. Synchrotron X-ray scattering, specifically wide-angle X-ray scattering (WAXS), and magnetic resonance microimaging (MRμI) are used as very precise and nondestructive quantitative methods to monitor water transfers and structure changes in the samples, with refined spatial and kinetics results. The ingress of water in the cylinder-shaped samples can be inferred from both techniques, and from this, a diffusion mechanism is deduced for each sample type. Qualitatively, scattering and imaging give comparable results: plasticized samples are shown to behave close to a Fickian diffusion case, amorphous samples close to a case II. WAXS results also provide an in-depth knowledge of the crystalline structures associated to each step of the water ingress, and these are in turn correlated to water diffusion. To refine these observations, a recrystallized starch sample is also analyzed via WAXS. This study gives better insight into the structure of a material with a huge biomedical potential (as implants, for example), and for such applications, the behavior upon immersion in water is particularly relevant.
Solanum Tuberosum -- Chemistry ; Starch -- Chemistry ; Water -- Chemistry
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