European Journal of Inorganic Chemistry, 06 August 2013, Vol.2013(22‐23), pp.3817-3820
Addition of TEMPO (TEMPO = 2,2,6,6‐tetramethylpiperidine‐‐oxyl) to a toluene slurry of AlBr results in rapid formation of AlBr(η‐TEMPO) (), which can be isolated in 65 % yield. In contrast, addition of TEMPO to a hexanes solution of BBr results in formation of [TEMPO][BBr] () and (TEMPO)BBr (), the products of TEMPO disproportionation. Complexes – have been fully characterized, including analysis by X‐ray crystallography. The divergent reactivity is likely dictated by the Lewis acidity of the group 13 halide, and in the case of the stronger Lewis acid BBr, coordination of TEMPO to the boron center generates an adduct that is capable of oxidizing free TEMPO. The outcome of the reaction between TEMPO and MBr (M = B, Al) was found to depend on the Lewis acidity of the group 13 element. Addition of TEMPO to AlBr results in formation of the 1:1 adduct, AlBr(η‐TEMPO). In contrast, addition of TEMPO to BBr results in TEMPO disproportionation and formation of [TEMPO][BBr] and (TEMPO)BBr.
Radicals ; Halides ; Lewis Acids ; Redox Chemistry ; Main Group Elements