The Journal of Virology, 2010, Vol. 84(7), p.3542
The severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus (SARS-CoV) accessory protein 6 (p6) is a 63-amino-acid multifunctional Golgi-endoplasmic reticulum (ER) membrane-associated protein, with roles in enhancing virus replication and in evading the innate immune response to infection by inhibiting STAT1 (signal transducer and activator of transcription factor 1) translocation to the nucleus. Here, we demonstrate that p6 has an N-terminal region-cytoplasm-C-terminal region-cytoplasm configuration with residues 2 to 37 likely membrane embedded. Expression of p6, or of its N-terminal 41-amino-acid region, in the absence of other viral proteins, induced the formation of membranous structures, some of which were similar to double membrane vesicles involved in virus replication. Consistent with a role in virus replication, p6 partially colocalized with nonstructural protein 3 (nsp3), a marker for virus replication complexes. Further, while the C-terminal region is required for preventing STAT1 translocation to the nucleus, our results also indicated that the N-terminal 18 amino acids were necessary for maximal inhibition. Collectively, these results support the notion that p6 is a two-domain protein, although the function of each is not completely independent of the other.
Protein Transport ; Nuclear Transport ; Amino Acids ; Stat1 Protein ; Replication ; Transcription Factors ; Nonstructural Proteins ; Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome ; Membrane Vesicles ; Membrane Proteins ; Immune Response ; Infection ; Sars Coronavirus ; Immunology ; Microorganisms & Parasites;
View this record in ASM
View full text in ASM (subscribers only)