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Berlin Brandenburg

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  • 1
    Book
    Book
    S.l. : Routledge
    Language: English
    Description: From Stone Age mammoth-hunters to Roman black rats, this book explains how fossils found on archaeological sites help to unravel some of the mysteries which surround our ancestors.
    Description: Ever since the discovery of fossil remains of extinct animals associated with flint implements, bones and other animal remains have been providing invaluable information to the archaeologist. In the last 20 years many archaeologists and zoologists have taken to studying such "archaeofaunal" remains, and the science of "zoo-archaeology" has come into being. What was the nature of the environment in which our ancestors lived? In which season were sites occupied? When did our earliest ancestors start to hunt big game, and how efficient were they as hunters? Were early humans responsible for the extinction of so many species of large mammals 10-20,000 years ago? When, where and why were certain animals first domesticated? When did milking and horse-riding begin? Did the Romans influence our eating habits? What were sanitary conditions like in medieval England? And could the terrible pestilence which afflicted the English in the seventh century AD have been plague? These are some of the questions dealt with in this book. The book also describes the nature and development of bones and teeth, and some of the methods used in zoo-archaeology. Ever since the discovery of fossil remains of extinct animals associated with flint implements, bones and other animal remains have been providing invaluable information to the archaeologist. In the last 20 years many archaeologists and zoologists have taken to studying such "archaeofaunal" remains, and the science of "zoo-archaeology" has come into being. What was the nature of the environment in which our ancestors lived? In which season were sites occupied? When did our earliest ancestors start to hunt big game, and how efficient were they as hunters? Were early humans responsible for the extinction of so many species of large mammals 10-20,000 years ago? When, where and why were certain animals first domesticated? When did milking and horse-riding begin? Did the Romans influence our eating habits? What were sanitary conditions like in medieval England? And could the terrible pestilence which afflicted the English in the seventh century AD have been plague? These are some of the questions dealt with in this book. The book also describes the nature and development of bones and teeth, and some of the methods used in zoo-archaeology.
    Description: 1. Methods and problems in zoo archaeology, 2. What are bones and teeth?, 3. On reconstructing past environments, 4. In what season was a site occupied? 5. Our hunting past, 6. From hunter to herd: the origin of domestic animals, 7. Later domesticates and the secondary use of animals, 8. Britain: a case study.
    Keywords: Archaeology;
    ISBN: 9780415151481
    ISBN: 9781138141223
    E-ISSN: 97811351
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  • 2
    Language: English
    In: PLoS ONE, 2010, Vol.5(1), p.e8880
    Description: Neandertals and the Middle Paleolithic persisted in the Iberian Peninsula south of the Ebro drainage system for several millennia beyond their assimilation/replacement elsewhere in Europe. As only modern humans are associated with the later stages of the Aurignacian, the duration of this persistence pattern can be assessed via the dating of diagnostic occurrences of such stages. ; Using AMS radiocarbon and advanced pretreatment techniques, we dated a set of stratigraphically associated faunal samples from an Aurignacian III–IV context excavated at the Portuguese cave site of Pego do Diabo. Our results establish a secure of ca.34,500 calendar years ago for the assimilation/replacement process in westernmost Eurasia. Combined with the chronology of the regional Late Mousterian and with less precise dating evidence for the Aurignacian II, they place the denouement of that process in the 37th millennium before present. ; These findings have implications for the understanding of the emergence of anatomical modernity in the Old World as a whole, support explanations of the archaic features of the Lagar Velho child's anatomy that invoke evolutionarily significant Neandertal/modern admixture at the time of contact, and counter suggestions that Neandertals could have survived in southwest Iberia until as late as the Last Glacial Maximum.
    Keywords: Research Article ; Evolutionary Biology ; Evolutionary Biology -- Paleontology ; Evolutionary Biology -- Human Evolution
    E-ISSN: 1932-6203
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  • 3
    Language: English
    In: PloS one, 2017, Vol.12(4), pp.e0174216
    Description: Taxonomic over-splitting of extinct or endangered taxa, due to an incomplete knowledge of both skeletal morphological variability and the geographical ranges of past populations, continues to confuse the link between isolated extant populations and their ancestors. This is particularly problematic with the genus Equus. To more reliably determine the evolution and phylogeographic history of the endangered Asiatic wild ass, we studied the genetic diversity and inter-relationships of both extinct and extant populations over the last 100,000 years, including samples throughout its previous range from Western Europe to Southwest and East Asia. Using 229 bp of the mitochondrial hypervariable region, an approach which allowed the inclusion of information from extremely poorly preserved ancient samples, we classify all non-African wild asses into eleven clades that show a clear phylogeographic structure revealing their phylogenetic history. This study places the extinct European wild ass, E. hydruntinus, the phylogeny of which has been debated since the end of the 19th century, into its phylogenetic context within the Asiatic wild asses and reveals recent mitochondrial introgression between populations currently regarded as separate species. The phylogeographic organization of clades resulting from these efforts can be used not only to improve future taxonomic determination of a poorly characterized group of equids, but also to identify historic ranges, interbreeding events between various populations, and the impact of ancient climatic changes. In addition, appropriately placing extant relict populations into a broader phylogeographic and genetic context can better inform ongoing conservation strategies for this highly-endangered species.
    Keywords: Conservation of Natural Resources ; Endangered Species ; Phylogeny ; DNA, Mitochondrial -- Genetics ; Equidae -- Genetics
    E-ISSN: 1932-6203
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  • 4
    In: Nature, 1978, Vol.276(5688), p.608
    Keywords: Quaternary Geology ; Archaeological Sites ; Archaeology ; Asia ; Biometry ; Canidae ; Canis ; Carnivora ; Cenozoic ; Chordata ; Domestic Animals ; Domestication ; Eutheria ; Fissipeda ; Fossil Man ; Israel ; Jordan Valley ; Mallaha ; Mammalia ; Middle East ; Morphology ; Natufian ; Occurrence ; Paleoecology ; Paleontology ; Pleistocene ; Primates ; Quaternary ; Stratigraphy ; Teeth ; Tetrapoda ; Theria ; Upper Pleistocene ; Vertebrata;
    ISSN: 0028-0836
    E-ISSN: 1476-4687
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  • 5
    Language: English
    In: Neuropsychologia, July 2011, Vol.49(9), pp.2703-2710
    Description: ► Comparison between theories of global and local perception in touch and vision. ► Unlike vision a right hemisphere advantage shown for local perception. ► A left hemisphere advantage shown for global perception. ► An opposite, but weaker effect shown for left-handers. This study investigated the organising principles of touch. We examined specialisations within the haptic system and their hemispheric distribution. Haptic processing consists of the integration of data from multiple sources to form a single percept. Previous research provides strong support for a hierarchical and functional distribution within haptic processing. We investigated hemispheric asymmetry in haptic discrimination of objects with differing textures and centres of mass. By analogy with vision it was hypothesised that participants would demonstrate a left-hand advantage for centre of mass discrimination (a ‘global’, presumed right hemisphere, judgement) and a right-hand advantage for surface texture judgements (a ‘local’, presumed left hemisphere discrimination). We found that left-handed participants showed these effects to a lesser degree than did the right-handers, consistent with the notion that left-handed people generally show weaker asymmetries in bimanual tasks. In a second experiment the effect of conflicting information on haptic percept formation was investigated. Following from the previous hypotheses it was predicted that participants would be more accurate with their right hands at judging conflicting surfaces. Contrary to predictions an advantage was demonstrated for the left hand for texture discrimination and for the right hand for centre of mass judgement.
    Keywords: Haptics ; Handedness ; Specialisation ; Touch ; Medicine
    ISSN: 0028-3932
    E-ISSN: 1873-3514
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  • 6
    Language: English
    Description: Neandertals and the Middle Paleolithic persisted in the Iberian Peninsula south of the Ebro drainage system for several millennia beyond their assimilation/replacement elsewhere in Europe. As only modern humans are associated with the later stages of the Aurignacian, the duration of this persistence pattern can be assessed via the dating of diagnostic occurrences of such stages.
    Keywords: Home De Neandertal ; Península Ibèrica ; Portugal ; Neanderthals ; Iberian Peninsula ; Portugal
    ISSN: 1932-6203
    Source: Universitat de Barcelona
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  • 7
    Language: English
    In: The Cerebellum, 2014, Vol.13(3), pp.354-361
    Description: There is increasing evidence for a cerebellar role in working memory. Clinical research has shown that working memory impairments after cerebellar damage and neuroimaging studies have revealed task-specific activation in the cerebellum during working memory processing. A lateralisation of cerebellar function within working memory has been proposed with the right hemisphere making the greater contribution to verbal processing and the left hemisphere for visuospatial tasks. We used continuous theta burst stimulation (cTBS) to examine whether differences in post-stimulation performance could be observed based on the cerebellar hemisphere stimulated and the type of data presented. We observed that participants were significantly less accurate on a verbal version of a Sternberg task after stimulation to the right cerebellar hemisphere when compared to left hemisphere stimulation. Performance on a visual Sternberg task was unaffected by stimulation of either hemisphere. We discuss our results in the context of prior studies that have used cerebellar stimulation to investigate working memory and highlight the cerebellar role in phonological encoding.
    Keywords: Cerebellum ; Transcranial ; Stimulation ; Visual ; Verbal ; Working ; Memory
    ISSN: 1473-4222
    E-ISSN: 1473-4230
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  • 8
    Language: English
    Keywords: Arqueologia ; Paleolithic ; Magdalenian ; Almonda
    Source: Repositório Cientfico de Acesso Aberto de Portugal
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  • 9
    Language: English
    In: ChemMedChem, March 2014, Vol.9(3), pp.549-553
    Description: Here we report the design, synthesis, and biochemical characterization of a new chemical tool, UNC0965. UNC0965 is a biotinylated version of our previously reported G9a chemical probe, UNC0638. Importantly, UNC0965 maintains high in vitro potency and is cell penetrant. The biotinylated tag of UNC0965 enables “chemiprecipitation” of G9a from whole cell lysates. Further, the cell penetrance of UNC0965 allowed us to explore the localization of G9a on chromatin both in vitro and in vivo through chemical inhibitor‐based chromatin immunoprecipitation (chem‐ChIP). A biotinylated inhibitor of lysine methyltransferase G9a (UNC0965, green) is conjugated to immobilized streptavidin (blue) for “chemiprecipitation” of G9a protein (purple) cross‐linked to chromatin. This chemical inhibitor‐based chromatin immunoprecipitation (chem‐ChIP) method is useful for the determination of G9a occupancy on chromatin in an in vivo setting.
    Keywords: Chromatin ; Enzymes ; G9a ; Lysine Methyltransferase ; Medicinal Chemistry
    ISSN: 1860-7179
    E-ISSN: 1860-7187
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  • 10
    Language: English
    In: Journal of Archaeological Science, 2012, Vol.39(5), pp.1445-1454
    Description: In the course of a zooarchaeological survey of Holocene sites in southern Portugal, a substantial size increase of cattle bones was noted following the Christian reconquista of the 11th-13th centuries AD. A size increase in the course of time within a...
    Keywords: Humanities ; History And Archaeology ; Archaeology ; Humaniora ; Historia Och Arkeologi ; Arkeologi ; Natural Sciences ; Biological Sciences ; Evolutionary Biology ; Naturvetenskap ; Biologiska Vetenskaper ; Evolutionsbiologi ; Osteometry ; Adna ; Cattle Improvement ; Sexing
    ISSN: 0305-4403
    E-ISSN: 10959238
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