Journal of hazardous materials, 2011, Vol.196, pp.386-394
We investigated the abilities of several perspective ligninolytic fungal strains to degrade 12 mono-, di- and trichloro representatives of chlorobenzoic acids (CBAs) under model liquid conditions and in contaminated soil. Attention was also paid to toxicity changes during the degradation, estimated using two luminescent assay variations with Vibrio fischeri. The results show that almost all the fungi were able to efficiently degrade CBAs in liquid media, where Irpex lacteus, Pycnoporus cinnabarinus and Dichomitus squalens appeared to be the most effective in the main factors: degradation and toxicity removal. Analysis of the degradation products revealed that methoxy and hydroxy derivatives were produced together with reduced forms of the original acids. The findings suggest that probably more than one mechanism is involved in the process. Generally, the tested fungal strains were able to degrade CBAs in soil in the 85–99% range within 60 days. Analysis of ergosterol showed that active colonization is an important factor for degradation of CBAs by fungi. The most efficient strains in terms of degradation were I. lacteus, Pleurotus ostreatus, Bjerkandera adusta in soil, which were also able to actively colonize the soil. However, in contrast to P. ostreatus and I. lacteus, B. adusta was not able to significantly reduce the measured toxicity. ; p. 386-394.
Luminescence ; Biodegradation ; Acids ; Fungi ; Toxicity ; Ergosterol ; Bjerkandera Adusta ; Pleurotus Ostreatus ; Pycnoporus ; Polluted Soils ; Irpex Lacteus ; Vibrio Fischeri
AGRIS (Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations)
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