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Berlin Brandenburg

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  • 1
    Language: English
    In: The Journal of Evidence-Based Dental Practice, 2002, Vol.2(4), pp.308-311
    Description: J Evid Base Dent Pract 2002;2:308-11
    Keywords: Dentistry
    ISSN: 1532-3382
    E-ISSN: 1532-3390
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  • 2
    Language: English
    In: Journal of Clinical Epidemiology, May 2013, Vol.66(5), pp.496-502.e2
    Description: We present a multistep process for identifying priority research areas in rehabilitation and long-term care of traumatic brain-injured (TBI) patients. In particular, we aimed to (1) identify which stakeholders should be involved; (2) identify what methods are appropriate; (3) examine different criteria for the generation of research priority areas; and (4) test the feasibility of linkage and exchange among researchers, decision makers, and other potential users of the research. Potential research questions were identified and developed using an initial scoping meeting and preliminary literature search, followed by a facilitated mapping workshop and an online survey. Identified research questions were then prioritized against specific criteria (clinical importance, novelty, and controversy). Existing evidence was then mapped to the high-priority questions using usual processes for search, screening, and selection. A broad range of stakeholders were then brought together at a forum to identify priority research themes for future research investment. Using clinical and research leaders, smaller targeted planning workshops prioritized specific research projects for each of the identified themes. Twenty-six specific questions about TBI rehabilitation were generated, 14 of which were high priority. No one method identified all high-priority questions. Methods that relied solely on the views of clinicians and researchers identified fewer high-priority questions compared with methods that used broader stakeholder engagement. Evidence maps of these high-priority questions yielded a number of evidence gaps. Priority questions and evidence maps were then used to inform a research forum, which identified 12 priority themes for future research. Our research demonstrates the value of a multistep and multimethod process involving many different types of stakeholders for prioritizing research to improve the rehabilitation outcomes of people who have suffered TBI. Enhancing stakeholder representation can be augmented using a combination of methods and a process of linkage and exchange. This process can inform decisions about prioritization of research areas.
    Keywords: Prioritization ; Traumatic Brain Injury ; Research Funding ; Evidence Mapping ; Research Gaps ; Rehabilitation ; Medicine
    ISSN: 0895-4356
    E-ISSN: 1878-5921
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  • 3
    In: Journal of Paediatrics and Child Health, April 2018, Vol.54(4), pp.432-438
    Description: Byline: Kirsty Stewart, Emma Tavender, James Rice, Adrienne Harvey Keywords: cerebral palsy; dyskinesia (dystonia/choreoathetosis); paediatrics Aim The aims of this study were to investigate clinicians' knowledge, and barriers they perceive exist, relating to the identification and measurement of dyskinesia (dystonia/choreoathetosis) in children with cerebral palsy (CP) and to explore educational needs regarding improving identification and assessment of dyskinesia. Methods This was a cross-sectional online survey of clinicians working with children with CP. Data analysis was descriptive, with qualitative analysis of unstructured questions. Results In total, 163 completed surveys from Australian clinicians were analysed. Respondents were allied health (n=140) followed by medical doctors (n=18) working mainly in tertiary hospitals and not-for-profit organisations. Hypertonia subtypes and movement disorders seen in children with CP appear to be identified by clinicians, although limited knowledge about dyskinesia and access to training were reported as significant barriers to accurate identification. Despite knowledge of available measurement scales, only a small percentage were used clinically and reported to be only somewhat useful or not useful at all. Barriers identified for use of scales included limited training opportunities and knowledge of scales and lack of confidence in their use. Conclusion A lack of confidence in identifying and measuring movement disorders in children with CP was reported by Australian clinicians. It was identified that a greater understanding of dyskinetic CP and the tools available to identify and measure it would be valuable in clinical practice. The results of this survey will inform the development of a 'Toolbox' to help identify, classify and measure dyskinetic CP and its impact on activity and participation using the framework of the International Classification of Functioning, Disability and Health. Article Note: Conflict of interest: None declared.
    Keywords: Cerebral Palsy ; Dyskinesia Dystonia/Choreoathetosis ; Paediatrics
    ISSN: 1034-4810
    E-ISSN: 1440-1754
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  • 4
    Language: English
    In: Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, April 2019, Vol.100(4), pp.711-723
    Description: The aim of this review was to critically appraise the quality of evidence-based clinical practice guidelines (CPGs) for the rehabilitation of children with moderate or severe acquired brain injury (ABI). A systematic search of MEDLINE, PsycINFO, Embase, CINAHL, and the Cochrane Library was conducted and an extensive website search of prominent professional rehabilitation society websites. CPGs were eligible for inclusion if they incorporated recommendation statements for inpatient and/or community rehabilitation for children with ABI and they were based on a systematic evidence search. Methodological quality of eligible CPGs were appraised by 3 independent reviewers using the AGREE II instrument. Characteristics of eligible CPGs and strength of supporting evidence for included recommendations were extracted. Of the 9 included guidelines, 2 covered all ABIs, 5 focused specifically on traumatic brain injury, and 2 on stroke. Five of the CPGs were classified as high quality and 4 were of average quality. In general, CPGs scored better for scope and purpose, rigor of development, and clarity of presentation. They scored most poorly in applicability, involvement of target users, and procedures for updating the guidelines. Interrater reliability for the AGREE II was generally high across domains. Very few of the 445 recommendations included across the 9 CPGs were evidence based. Despite variability in quality of the guideline development process, the included CPGs generally provided clear descriptions of their overall objectives, scope and purpose, employed systematic methods for searching, selecting, and appraising research evidence, and produced unambiguous, clearly identifiable recommendations for children with ABI. Overall, existing CPGs focusing on rehabilitation for children with ABI are based on low-quality evidence or expert consensus. Future work should focus on addressing the limitations of most of the current CPGs, particularly related to supporting implementation and integrating stakeholder involvement.
    Keywords: Clinical Practice Guideline ; Evidence-Based Practice ; Rehabilitation ; Medicine ; Physical Therapy
    ISSN: 0003-9993
    E-ISSN: 1532-821X
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  • 5
    Language: English
    In: PLoS ONE, 01 January 2016, Vol.11(2), p.e0148091
    Description: BACKGROUND:The Neurotrauma Evidence Translation (NET) Trial aims to design and evaluate the effectiveness of a targeted theory-and evidence-informed intervention to increase the uptake of evidence-based recommended practices for the management...
    Keywords: Sciences (General)
    E-ISSN: 1932-6203
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  • 6
    In: Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice, October 2013, Vol.19(5), pp.763-768
    Description: Defining ‘best practice’ is one of the first and crucial steps in any Knowledge Translation (KT) research project. Without a sound understanding of what exactly should happen in practice, it is impossible to measure the extent of existing gaps between ‘desired’ and ‘actual’ care, set implementation goals, and monitor performance. The aim of this paper is to present a practical, stepped and interactive process to develop best practice recommendations that are actionable, locally applicable and in line with the best available research‐based evidence, with a view to adapt these into process measures (quality indicators) for KT research purposes. Our process encompasses the following steps: (1) identify current, high‐quality clinical practice guidelines (CPGs) and extract recommendations; (2) select strong recommendations in key clinical management areas; (3) update evidence and create evidence overviews; (4) discuss evidence and produce agreed ‘evidence statements’; (5) discuss the relevance of the evidence with local stakeholders; and (6) develop locally applicable actionable best practice recommendations, suitable for use as the basis of quality indicators. Actionable definitions of local best practice are a prerequisite for doing KT research. As substantial resources go into rigorously synthesizing evidence and developing CPGs, it is important to make best use of such available resources. We developed a process for efficiently developing locally applicable actionable best practice recommendations from existing high‐quality CPGs that are in line with current research evidence.
    Keywords: Best Practice ; Kt Research ; Methodology
    ISSN: 1356-1294
    E-ISSN: 1365-2753
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  • 7
    Language: English
    In: BMC Medical Research Methodology, 01 June 2011, Vol.11(1), p.92
    Description: Abstract Background Evidence mapping describes the quantity, design and characteristics of research in broad topic areas, in contrast to systematic reviews, which usually address narrowly-focused research questions. The breadth of evidence mapping helps to identify evidence gaps, and may guide...
    Keywords: Medicine
    ISSN: 1471-2288
    E-ISSN: 1471-2288
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  • 8
    Language: English
    In: Australian Health Review, 2012, Vol.36(4), p.401-411
    Description: Objectives. Health policy making is complex, but can be informed by evidence of what works, including systematic reviews. We aimed to inform the work of the Cochrane Effective Practice and Organisation of Care (EPOC) Group by identifying systematic review topics relevant to Australian health policy makers and exploring whether existing Cochrane reviews address these topics. Methods. We interviewed 30 senior policy makers from State and Territory Government Departments of Health to identify topics considered important for systematic reviews within the scope of health services research, including professional, financial, organisational and regulatory interventions to improve professional practice and the organisation of services. We then looked for existing Cochrane reviews relevant to these topics. Results. Eighty-five priority topics were identified by policy makers, including advanced practice roles, care for Indigenous Australians, care for chronic disease, coordinating across jurisdictions, admission avoidance, and eHealth. Sixty published Cochrane reviews address these issues, and 34 additional reviews are in progress. Thirty-four topics are yet to be addressed. Conclusions. This survey has identified questions for which Australian policy makers have indicated a need for systematic reviews. Further, it has confirmed that existing reviews do address issues of importance to policy makers, with the potential to inform policy processes.
    Keywords: Medical Policy ; Indigenous Peoples--Health And Hygiene ; Public Health ; Primary Care (Medicine);
    ISSN: 0156-5788
    E-ISSN: 1449-8944
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  • 9
    Language: English
    In: BMC Medical Research Methodology, June 17, 2011, Vol.11, p.92
    Description: Background Evidence mapping describes the quantity, design and characteristics of research in broad topic areas, in contrast to systematic reviews, which usually address narrowly-focused research questions. The breadth of evidence mapping helps to identify evidence gaps, and may guide future research efforts. The Global Evidence Mapping (GEM) Initiative was established in 2007 to create evidence maps providing an overview of existing research in Traumatic Brain Injury (TBI) and Spinal Cord Injury (SCI). Methods The GEM evidence mapping method involved three core tasks: Results One hundred and twenty-nine researchable clinical questions in TBI and SCI were identified. These questions were then prioritised into high (n = 60) and low (n = 69) importance by the stakeholders involved in question development. Since 2007, 58 263 abstracts have been screened, 3 731 full text articles have been reviewed and 1 644 relevant neurotrauma publications have been mapped, covering fifty-three high priority questions. Conclusions GEM Initiative evidence maps have a broad range of potential end-users including funding agencies, researchers and clinicians. Evidence mapping is at least as resource-intensive as systematic reviewing. The GEM Initiative has made advancements in evidence mapping, most notably in the area of question development and prioritisation. Evidence mapping complements other review methods for describing existing research, informing future research efforts, and addressing evidence gaps.
    Keywords: Spinal Cord Injuries -- Research ; Brain Injuries -- Research ; Observational Studies -- Research
    ISSN: 1471-2288
    Source: Cengage Learning, Inc.
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  • 10
    Language: English
    In: BMC Medical Research Methodology, June 17, 2011, Vol.11, p.92
    Description: Background Evidence mapping describes the quantity, design and characteristics of research in broad topic areas, in contrast to systematic reviews, which usually address narrowly-focused research questions. The breadth of evidence mapping helps to identify evidence gaps, and may guide future research efforts. The Global Evidence Mapping (GEM) Initiative was established in 2007 to create evidence maps providing an overview of existing research in Traumatic Brain Injury (TBI) and Spinal Cord Injury (SCI). Methods The GEM evidence mapping method involved three core tasks: Results One hundred and twenty-nine researchable clinical questions in TBI and SCI were identified. These questions were then prioritised into high (n = 60) and low (n = 69) importance by the stakeholders involved in question development. Since 2007, 58 263 abstracts have been screened, 3 731 full text articles have been reviewed and 1 644 relevant neurotrauma publications have been mapped, covering fifty-three high priority questions. Conclusions GEM Initiative evidence maps have a broad range of potential end-users including funding agencies, researchers and clinicians. Evidence mapping is at least as resource-intensive as systematic reviewing. The GEM Initiative has made advancements in evidence mapping, most notably in the area of question development and prioritisation. Evidence mapping complements other review methods for describing existing research, informing future research efforts, and addressing evidence gaps.
    Keywords: Spinal Cord Injuries -- Research ; Brain Injuries -- Research ; Observational Studies -- Research
    ISSN: 1471-2288
    Source: Cengage Learning, Inc.
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