Climatic Change, April, 2013, Vol.117(4), p.613(13)
Byline: Ole Magnus Theisen (1,2), Nils Petter Gleditsch (1,2), Halvard Buhaug (1,2) Abstract: The world is generally becoming less violent, but the debate on climate change raises the specter of a new source of instability and conflict. In this field, the policy debate is running well ahead of its academic foundation--and sometimes even contrary to the best evidence. Although comparative research on security implications of climate change is rapidly expanding, major gaps in knowledge still exist. Taken together, extant studies provide mostly inconclusive insights, with contradictory or weak demonstrated effects of climate variability and change on armed conflict. This article reviews the empirical literature on short-term climate/environmental change and intrastate conflict, with special attention to possible insecurity consequences of precipitation and temperature anomalies and weather-related natural disasters. Based on this assessment, it outlines priorities for future research in this area. Author Affiliation: (1) Department of Sociology and Political Science, Norwegian University of Science and Technology (NTNU), 7491, Trondheim, Norway (2) Centre for the Study of Civil War (CSCW), Peace Research Institute Oslo (PRIO), P.O. Box 9229 Gronland, 0134, Oslo, Norway Article History: Registration Date: 22/11/2012 Received Date: 06/08/2011 Accepted Date: 21/11/2012 Online Date: 03/01/2013 Article note: Electronic supplementary material The online version of this article (doi: 10.1007/s10584-012-0649-4) contains supplementary material, which is available to authorized users. This article is part of a Special Issue on "Improving the Assessment and Valuation of Climate Change Impacts for Policy and Regulatory Analysis" edited by Alex L. Marten, Kate C. Shouse, and Robert E. Kopp.
Natural Disasters -- Analysis ; Weather -- Analysis ; Rain -- Analysis ; Global Temperature Changes -- Analysis
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