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  • 1
    UID:
    b3kat_BV047108914
    Format: 149 Seiten, [62] Seiten Anhang , Illustrationen, Diagramme, Karten (farbig)
    Edition: Stand: Mai 2020
    Additional Edition: Erscheint auch als Online-Ausgabe
    Additional Edition: Erscheint auch als Online-Ausgabe, Open Access
    Language: German
    Subjects: Geography
    RVK:
    RVK:
    Keywords: Bodenkartierung ; Berlin ; Bodenkartierung ; Anleitung
    Author information: Makki, Mohsen 1963-
    Library Location Call Number Volume/Issue/Year Availability
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  • 2
    UID:
    b3kat_BV047109499
    Format: 1 Online-Ressource (149, 62 Seiten) , Illustrationen, Diagramme, Karten (farbig)
    Edition: Stand: Mai 2020
    Additional Edition: Erscheint auch als Druck-Ausgabe
    Language: German
    Subjects: Geography
    RVK:
    RVK:
    Keywords: Bodenkartierung ; Berlin ; Bodenkartierung
    URL: Volltext  (kostenfrei)
    Author information: Makki, Mohsen 1963-
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  • 3
    UID:
    edochu_18452_26847
    Format: 1 Online-Ressource (15 Seiten)
    Content: Purpose: In urban areas, humans shape the surface, (re-)deposit natural or technogenic material, and thus become the dominant soil formation factor. The 2015 edition of the World Reference Base for Soil Resources (WRB) describes anthropogenic urban soils as Anthrosols or Technosols, but the methodological approaches and classification criteria of national soil classification systems are rather inconsistent. Stringent criteria for describing and mapping anthropogenic soils in urban areas and their application are still lacking, although more than half (53%) of the urban soils in Berlin are built-up by or contain anthropogenic material. Materials and methods: On behalf of the Berlin Senate Department for the Environment, Transport and Climate Protection and in close cooperation with the German Working Group for Urban Soils, a comprehensive guideline for soil description in the Berlin metropolitan area (BMA), with special regard to anthropogenic/technogenic parent material and anthropogenic soils, has been developed. Our approach includes all previous standard works for soil description and mapping and is based on studies that have been conducted in the BMA over the last five decades. Special emphasis was placed on the integration of our manual into the classification system of the German soil mapping guideline (KA5). Results and discussion: The extension of existing data fields (e.g., the further subdivision of land use types) as well as the creation of new data fields (e.g., pH value) adapted to the requirements of urban soil mapping has been carried out. Additional technogenic materials that occur in urban environments have been added to the list of anthropogenic parent materials. Furthermore, we designed appendices that clearly characterize typical soil profiles of the BMA and depict technogenic materials, their physical and chemical characteristics, as well as their origin and distribution. Our approach will set new benchmarks for soil description and mapping in urban environments, which will improve the quality of urban soil research in the BMA. It is expected that our approach will provide baselines for urban soil mapping in other metropolitan areas. Conclusions: Our guideline is a comprehensive manual for the description of urban soils within a national soil classification system. This mapping guideline will be the future standard work for soil surveys and soil mapping in the federal state of Berlin. Currently, representatives from federal and state authorities are reviewing our guideline, with a view to potentially integrating key components into the classification system of the forthcoming 6th edition of the German soil mapping guideline (KA6).
    Content: Peer Reviewed
    In: Berlin ; Heidelberg : Springer, 2021, 21, Seiten 1998-2012
    Language: English
    URL: Volltext  (kostenfrei)
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  • 4
    Online Resource
    Online Resource
    Berlin : Humboldt-Universität zu Berlin
    UID:
    edochu_18452_24718
    Format: 1 Online-Ressource (16 Seiten)
    Content: Purpose Sb is a metalloid that naturally occurs in traces in the Northern German Lowland Area, only. Its frequent and still growing demand for industrial purposes and its release during coal combustion and by vehicular emissions lead to an enrichment of Sb in topsoils. Numerous analyses on heavy metals have been conducted in the urban environment so far, but although Sb can be ecologically harmful and potentially carcinogenic, only few studies on Sb in soils were carried out. Materials and methods Due to the formation of anthropogenic soils by men, especially in the course of industrialization and after World War II, more than 50%of the Berlin soils consist of anthropogenic material like redeposited natural material, debris, waste, or ashes. This composition of soils of the Berlin Metropolitan Area can function as a model for other metropolitan regions of Central Europe. In the urban and peri-urban area of Berlin, analysis of more than 900 topsoil samples has been performed measuring the content of 12 heavy metals and metalloids (Al, As, Cd, Co, Cr, Cu, Fe, Mn, Ni, Pb, Sb, and Zn). As a reference for the natural environment, soil profiles of typical parent rock material have been investigated taking also the regional (0.3 mg/kg), the local background value (0.61 mg/kg), and the baseline value (0.07 mg/kg) for Sb into account. Results By doing so, we could show the spatial distributional pattern of Sb in the Berlin Metropolitan Area and statistically evaluate our results in dependency of land-use, parent material, and soil parameters such as organic carbon content and pH. Thereby, we could prove an average enrichment two to six times over the regional background value. Median Sb content is very low in forest topsoils (0.54 mg/kg) and reaches its maximum in roadside soils (1.75 mg/kg). Technogenic materials, vehicular emissions, industrial processes, and (former) land-use are the predominant factors for Sb enrichment and distribution in the study area. Some single samples show an enrichment of up to 600% of the regional background value for topsoils. Conclusion Our study revealed that the Sb content in the Berlin Metropolitan Area is elevated compared to natural environments. Furthermore, we could demonstrate that Sb is a previously neglected key pollutant, specific to metropolitan areas. Due to the high environmental relevance, further Sb data from selected investigated spaces in other metropolises and specific land-use types are needed to assess the potential environmental risk of Sb in metropolitan areas.
    Content: Peer Reviewed
    In: Berlin ; Heidelberg : Springer, 21, Seiten 2102-2117
    Language: English
    URL: Volltext  (kostenfrei)
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