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  • 1
    Language: English
    In: PLoS ONE, 2012, Vol.7(3), p.e32568
    Description: The blood-brain barrier (BBB) represents an insurmountable obstacle for most drugs thus obstructing an effective treatment of many brain diseases. One solution for overcoming this barrier is a transport by binding of these drugs to surface-modified nanoparticles. Especially apolipoprotein E (ApoE) appears to play a major role in the nanoparticle-mediated drug transport across the BBB. However, at present the underlying mechanism is incompletely understood. ; In this study, the uptake of the ApoE-modified nanoparticles into the brain capillary endothelial cells was investigated to differentiate between active and passive uptake mechanism by flow cytometry and confocal laser scanning microscopy. Furthermore, different co-incubation experiments were performed with competing ligands of the respective receptor. ; This study confirms an active endocytotic uptake mechanism and shows the involvement of low density lipoprotein receptor family members, notably the low density lipoprotein receptor related protein, on the uptake of the ApoE-modified nanoparticles into the brain capillary endothelial cells. This knowledge of the uptake mechanism of ApoE-modified nanoparticles enables future developments to rationally create very specific and effective carriers to overcome the blood-brain barrier.
    Keywords: Research Article ; Biology ; Materials Science ; Medicine ; Biotechnology ; Pharmacology ; Biochemistry
    E-ISSN: 1932-6203
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  • 2
    Language: English
    In: Current Directions in Biomedical Engineering, 01 March 2017, Vol.3(1), pp.63-67
    Description: The usability of flexible electrodes in moving environment is limited due to different mechanical characteristics of their metallic and polymeric components. To achieve structure compatible electrodes, all used materials need to have similar Young’s moduli as the surrounding tissue. This paper describes the characterization of macroscopic as well as miniaturized electrodes entirely made out of modified silicone (PDMS). Electrochemical, mechanical, biological, optical, and applicative methods were used. It could be shown, that PDMS electrodes are capable to be used for recording electrocardiograms with similar form and amplitude as with standard electrodes.
    Keywords: Cardiomyocytes ; Characterization ; Charge Injection Capacity ; Electrocardiogram ; Impedance ; Silicone Electrodes ; Structure Compatibility ; Young’s Moduli ; Engineering
    E-ISSN: 2364-5504
    Source: Directory of Open Access Journals (DOAJ)
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  • 3
    Language: English
    In: Neuroscience Letters, 2004, Vol.368(1), pp.68-72
    Description: To investigate aspects of aging on rat oligodendrocytes, cells of an oligodendrocyte cell line, so-called OLN-93, were cultured either in the presence or absence of glucose. Our data demonstrated that glucose-induced aging in vitro caused an elongation and thickening of cell processes and significantly increased the expression of netrin reflecting a more mature state of oligodendrocyte development. A possible age-inducing effect of glucose is also supported by the decrease of ras protein expression and shortening of telomeres in glucose-treated oligodendrocytes. The present study clearly shows that OLN-93 cells are an exciting and suitable model system for the investigation of age-inducing molecules and the analysis of signaling pathways involved in cerebral aging and degenerations.
    Keywords: Oligodendrocytes ; Aging ; Glucose ; Telomere Length ; Medicine ; Anatomy & Physiology
    ISSN: 0304-3940
    E-ISSN: 1872-7972
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