International Journal of Cancer, September 2015, Vol.137(6), pp.1406-1416
This study aimed to assess the applicability of in combination with the soluble urokinase plasminogen activator receptor (suPAR) protein as a diagnostic and/or prognostic biomarker for prostate cancer (PCa) patients. levels by qRT‐PCR and suPAR levels by ELISA were evaluated in serum samples from 146 PCa patients, 35 benign prostate hyperplasia (BPH) patients and 18 healthy controls. Antigen levels of suPAR differed between healthy controls and PCa or BPH patients, whereas levels differed between PCa and BPH patients or healthy controls ( 7, with higher levels in the latter group ( = 0.011), and levels were higher in the tumor stage group T3‐T4 compared with the T1‐T2 group ( = 0.039). A high concentration of suPAR was associated with a poor disease‐specific survival (DSS; = 0.039). The combination of suPAR and levels identified a patient group possessing high levels for both parameters. This was associated with a poorer 10‐year overall survival (OS) and DSS, with a 6.38‐fold increased risk of death and a 7.68‐fold increased risk of tumor‐related death ( = 0.00026 and = 0.014; univariate Cox's regression analysis). In a multivariate Cox's regression analysis PCa patients with high levels of suPAR and showed a 5.72‐fold increased risk of death in OS ( = 0.006). In summary, the differences between the PCa/BPH/healthy control cohorts for either suPAR and levels in conjunction with the association of combined high suPAR/ levels with a poor prognosis suggest a diagnostic and prognostic impact for PCa patients. What's new? Prostate cancer (PCa) sheds cells, genetic fragments, and proteins into the bloodstream that can be used as quantitative biomarkers for diagnosis, staging, prognostication, and monitoring. This study suggests that serum levels of soluble urokinase plasminogen activator receptor (suPAR) and are both useful as diagnostic biomarkers. High serum level of suPAR is also significantly associated with poor disease‐specific survival, and the combination of /suPAR levels is significantly correlated with 10‐year overall and disease‐specific survival in patients. suPAR and the combination of suPAR with may thus have a prognostic impact, indicating the potential value of combining protein and miRNA biomarkers.
Mir‐375 ; Urokinase Plasminogen Activator Receptor ; Prostate Cancer ; Diagnosis ; Overall Survival ; Disease‐Specific Survival