Environmental Pollution, July, 2013, Vol.178, p.463(11)
To link to full-text access for this article, visit this link: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.envpol.2013.03.052 Byline: Yan Zhang Abstract: Urban metabolism analysis has become an important tool for the study of urban ecosystems. The problems of large metabolic throughput, low metabolic efficiency, and disordered metabolic processes are a major cause of unhealthy urban systems. In this paper, I summarize the international research on urban metabolism, and describe the progress that has been made in terms of research methodologies. I also review the methods used in accounting for and evaluating material and energy flows in urban metabolic processes, simulation of these flows using a network model, and practical applications of these methods. Based on this review of the literature, I propose directions for future research, and particularly the need to study the urban carbon metabolism because of the modern context of global climate change. Moreover, I recommend more research on the optimal regulation of urban metabolic systems. Author Affiliation: State Key Joint Laboratory of Environment Simulation and Pollution Control, School of Environment, Beijing Normal University, Xinjiekouwai Street No. 19, Beijing 100875, China Article History: Received 6 November 2012; Revised 30 March 2013; Accepted 30 March 2013
Pollution Control -- Physiological Aspects ; Pollution Control -- Analysis ; Ecosystems -- Physiological Aspects ; Ecosystems -- Analysis
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