The journal of physical chemistry. A, 16 January 2014, Vol.118(2), pp.339-49
The kinetics of the photooxidation of aromatic amino acids histidine (His), tyrosine (Tyr), and tryptophan (Trp) by 3,3',4,4'-benzophenonetetracarboxylic acid (TCBP) has been investigated in aqueous solutions using time-resolved laser flash photolysis and time-resolved chemically induced dynamic nuclear polarization. The pH dependence of quenching rate constants is measured within a large pH range. The chemical reactivities of free His, Trp, and Tyr and of their acetylated derivatives, N-AcHis, N-AcTyr, and N-AcTrp, toward TCBP triplets are compared to reveal the influence of amino group charge on the oxidation of aromatic amino acids. The bimolecular rate constants of quenching reactions between the triplet-excited TCBP in the fully deprotonated state and tryptophan, histidine, and tyrosine with a positively charged amino group are kq = 2.2 × 10(9) M(-1) s(-1) (4.9 9.4), kq = 3.0 × 10(8) M(-1) s(-1) (pH 〉 9.2), and kq = (4.0-10.0) × 10(8) M(-1) s(-1) (9.0 〈 pH 〈 10.1) that are close to those for the N-acetylated derivatives. Thus, it has been established that the presence of charged amino group changes oxidation rates by a significant factor; i.e., His with a positively charged amino group quenches the TCBP triplets 5 times more effectively than N-AcHis and His with a neutral amino group. The efficiency of quenching reaction between the TCBP triplets and Tyr and Trp with a positively charged amino group is about 3 times as high as that of both Tyr and Trp with a neutral amino group, N-AcTyr and N-AcTrp.
Amino Acids, Aromatic -- Chemistry
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