Bioresource Technology, Nov, 2012, Vol.123, p.72(6)
To link to full-text access for this article, visit this link: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.biortech.2012.06.082 Byline: Honglei Zhang, Jincheng Ding, Zengdian Zhao Keywords: Biodiesel; Cation ion-exchange resin; Hybrid catalytic membrane; Esterification; Microwave irradiation Abstract: Compared with traditional heating esterification (THE), microwave assisted esterification (MAE) needs less reaction time, lower reaction temperature, less energy and lower methanol additive. Thus, manufacturing biodiesel using microwave represents a fast, easy and effective route with advantages of a short reaction time, a low methanol/acidified oil mass ratio, an ease of operation, reduced energy consumption and all with lower production cost. Display Omitted Author Affiliation: School of Chemical Engineering, Shandong University of Technology, Zibo 255049, PR China Article History: Received 21 March 2012; Revised 23 June 2012; Accepted 25 June 2012
Esterification ; Energy Conservation ; Biodiesel Fuels ; Manufacturing Costs
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