Journal of Membrane Science, Feb 15, 2014, Vol.452, p.379(11)
To link to full-text access for this article, visit this link: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.memsci.2013.10.011 Byline: Yuan Zhang, Rong Wang Abstract: In a gas-liquid membrane contactor, a larger pore size can result in a lower membrane mass transfer resistance. However, the membrane pore size is usually limited by the concern of pore wetting, e.g. a large pore size means a higher wetting tendency. As a breakthrough, this paper reported a porous polyetherimide (PEI) hollow fiber membrane with high surface porosity and large pore size to minimize the membrane mass transfer resistance by using a triple-orifice spinneret in the hollow fiber spinning process, and followed by a novel approach of fluorinated silica (fSiO.sub.2) nanoparticles (NPs) incorporation to make the membrane surface highly hydrophobic and chemical resistant to prevent the membrane from wetting caused by the large pore size on the membrane surface. The newly developed composite hollow fiber membranes showed the advancing contact angle value of 123.3[degrees], receding contact angle value of 107.2[degrees], and contact angle hysteresis of only 15.9[degrees], indicating the high water resistant property. The composite membrane also exhibited a higher rigidity property compared with the original PEI substrate. The CO.sub.2 absorption flux of the composite membranes was investigated in both physical and chemical absorptions in a gas-liquid membrane contactor system. The membrane contactor showed a stable performance throughout the 60d long-term operation using a 2M sodium taurinate aqueous solution as the liquid absorbent. The highly hydrophobic composite hollow fiber membrane was able to outperform a conventional polymeric hydrophobic membrane in term of superior gas absorption flux and outstanding long-term stability, suggesting that the formation of organic-inorganic composite membranes is an effective way to enhance the feasibility of membrane contactor processes for practical applications. The results demonstrated the important role of membrane fabrication and modification techniques in facilitating the commercialization of membrane contactor technology. Author Affiliation: (a) School of Civil and Environmental Engineering, Nanyang Technological University, 50 Nanyang Avenue, Singapore 639798, Singapore (b) Singapore Membrane Technology Centre, Nanyang Environment and Water Research Institute, Nanyang Technological University, 1 Cleantech Loop, Singapore 637141, Singapore Article History: Received 11 June 2013; Revised 3 October 2013; Accepted 6 October 2013
Silicon Dioxide -- Analysis ; Silicon Dioxide -- Methods ; Nanoparticles -- Analysis ; Nanoparticles -- Methods ; Green Technology -- Analysis ; Green Technology -- Methods ; Porosity -- Analysis ; Porosity -- Methods ; Polyetherimide -- Analysis ; Polyetherimide -- Methods
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