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  • 1
    Language: English
    In: National journal of maxillofacial surgery, 2017, Vol.8(2), pp.136-142
    Description: The purpose of the present study was to envisage the effectiveness of demineralized freeze-dried bone allograft (DFDBA) and bovine bone graft (BBG) for promoting defect fill in periodontal intrabony defects using dentascan. A total of 13 subjects (15 intrabony defects) aged between 24 and 56 years affected by moderate to severe periodontitis were randomly divided into Control (CG) and Test groups (TG1 and TG2). In CG only debridement, TG1 debridement plus DFDBA, and TG2 debridement plus BBG were performed. The clinical parameters probing pocket depth (PPD), clinical attachment level (CAL) was used. The radiological analysis was done by dentascan, which is a single-slice spiral computed tomographic scanner. Six months after, regenerative treatment clinical measurements were recorded. The bone fill was assessed using Dentascan as previously mentioned. PPD reduction and CAL gain were significant in all the groups after 6 months whereas, on intergroup comparisons, insignificant finding was observed both at baseline and after 6 months. Coronoapical bone status decreased significantly in all groups, buccolingual measurements decreased significantly in TG1 and TG2, but no such trend was seen in CG. Significant reduction in mesiodistal bone status was noticed only in TG1 whereas insignificant on intergroup comparisons. Dentascan-based analysis attested that DFDBA was superior to BBG.
    Keywords: Bovine Bone Graft ; Demineralized Freeze-Dried Bone Allograft ; Dentascan ; Osseous Regeneration
    ISSN: 0975-5950
    E-ISSN: 22293418
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  • 2
    Language: English
    In: Journal of cancer research and therapeutics, 2010, Vol.6(4), pp.503-7
    Description: The aim of our retrospective study was to analyze and report the clinical outcome of patients with vulvar carcinoma (VC) treated at our center. We retrieved the information regarding patients' clinical details, treatment given, survival and complications from the case records of all VC patients who were treated at our center during the year 1998-2005. Overall survival (OS) was determined with respect to age, histopathological grade, stage of disease, treatment group, pathological lymph node status, etc. A total of 60 case records were retrieved for this retrospective analysis. Age ranged from 24 to 92 years (median 63 years). International Federation of Gynecology and Obstetrics (FIGO) stage distribution was as follows: stage I: 2 patients; stage II: 17 patients; stage III: 31 patients; stage IV: 9 patients; and unknown stage: 1 patient. Thirty-three patients underwent surgery (wide local excision 3, radical vulvectomy 30). Eleven patients received postoperative radiation therapy (PORT), 12 received palliative radiation therapy (RT) and 15 underwent definitive RT (5 of them received concurrent chemotherapy). Median follow-up period was 23 months (range 2-144 months). The 5-year OS for all stages was 41%. FIGO stage and pathological node positivity were found to be statistically significant prognostic factors for survival. Despite the majority of patients presenting in advanced stage, the 5-year OS of 41% in our series reflects a decent therapeutic outcome. The results have shown FIGO stage and pathological node positivity to be significant prognostic factors for survival. The use of preoperative chemotherapy/RT needs to be studied in our setup.
    Keywords: Vulvar Neoplasms -- Therapy
    ISSN: 09731482
    E-ISSN: 1998-4138
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  • 3
    In: Annals of International medical and Dental Research, 05/2018, Vol.4(3)
    ISSN: 23952814
    E-ISSN: 23952822
    Source: CrossRef
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  • 4
    In: Journal of Marine Medical Society, 2019, Vol.21(2), p.177-181
    Description: Context: The importance of family planning to promote the health and welfare of the family group and thus contribute effectively to the social development of a country cannot be overemphasized. It is achieved through the use of contraceptive methods. Despite being the first country to launch the Family Welfare Program in 1952, India has not been able to achieve the desired population levels. Aims: The aim was to study the knowledge and practices related to contraceptive use among married women in reproductive age group living in an urban slum with the objective of assessing the factors responsible for the use and nonuse of contraceptives. Setting and Design: A cross-sectional survey was conducted among 300 married females in the reproductive age group of an urban slum. Subject and Methods: This was an interviewer-based study using a prevalidated questionnaire. Results: Out of the 300 respondents, 150 (50%) respondents had two children, 179 (64.1%) had delivered their first child within 1 year of marriage, and 106 (35.3%) had delivered their first child as teenagers (before 19 years of age). A total of 295 (98.3%) respondents had some knowledge of the contraceptives. The preferred method of contraception was tubectomy among 118 (41.7%) respondents. A total of 139 (47.1%) respondents had preference for having a male child. The main reasons cited for not using contraception was want of more children and fear of side effects. Conclusion: Our findings suggest that there is an obvious “know-do gap” as there was a wide discrepancy between the knowledge and practice of contraceptive usage. Knowledge about contraceptives was universal in our study; however, the contraceptive users were only 52.7%.
    Keywords: Contraceptive use; family planning; urban slum
    ISSN: 0975-3605
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