Alzheimer's & Dementia: Translational Research & Clinical Interventions
Loss of mobility is common in advanced dementia and has important negative consequences related to fall risk, loss of independence, and lack of participation in meaningful activities. The causes of decline are multifactorial, including disease-specific changes in motor function, behaviour and cognition. To optimize clinical management of mobility, there is a need to better characterize capacity for safe and independent mobility. This study aimed to identify key factors that impact on mobility in dementia. Expert input was gathered using a modified Delphi consensus approach. The primary criterion for participation was specialist knowledge in mobility or dementia, either as a health care provider or researcher. Participants rated elements of mobility for importance and feasibility of assessment in advanced dementia, and prioritized items for inclusion in a mobility staging tool. Descriptive statistics and qualitative content analysis were used to summarize responses. Thirty-six experts completed the first survey with an 80% retention rate over three rounds. One-third of 61 items reached consensus for being both important and feasible to assess. Items reaching agreement for a staging tool included walking, parkinsonism, gait, impulsivity, fall history, agitation, transfers, and posture control. This study highlights the need for a multi-dimensional, dementia-specific approach to mobility assessment. Results have implications for development of assessment methods and management guidelines to support the clinical care of mobility impairment in people with dementia.
Mobility ; Cognitive Impairment ; Dementia ; Assessment ; Modified Delphi ; Gait ; Falls
ScienceDirect Journals (Elsevier)
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