Journal of the American Academy of Child & Adolescent Psychiatry, 1987, Vol.26(4), pp.566-573
Turner syndrome (TUS) in girls causes sex chromosome abnormalities, ovarian dysgenesis with estrogen deficiency, and short stature. The goal of this study was to assess the long-term effects of sex chromosome and hormonal anomalies on female gender role development. The authors report data from an interview assessing gender role development in 23 TUS women, compared with 23 closely matched women with constitutional short stature and with 10 normal sisters of the TUS women. The results show more stereotypic feminine behavior in childhood, adolescence, and adulthood in the TUS subjects. The authors conclude that the clinical features of TUS do not impede normal female gender development. Furthermore, the data suggest that the tendency to greater femininity in TUS women cannot be explained solely by short stature and may be related to other psychosocial, endocrine, or brain effects of the syndrome.
Gender Role Behavior ; Turner Syndrome ; Short Stature ; Ovarian Dysgenesis ; Sex Chromosome Abnormalities ; Medicine ; Social Welfare & Social Work
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